How to teach vocabulary

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Text of How to teach vocabulary

  • 1. How to Teach Vocabulary Alice Chiu English Teacher

2.

  • Teaching Tips:
    • Step One : presenting new words
    • Step Two : helping students remember new words
    • Step Three : making sure students make the new words their own

3. Step One:presenting new words Using visual images Using gesturesand actions Showing lexicial relations Words in context Guessing/predicting Other techniques 4. using visual images

  • realia
  • pictures
  • masking
  • drawing
  • scales

5. using gestures and actions

  • mime
  • gesture
  • facial expression
  • action

6. showing lexical relations

  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • collocation
  • prefixes and suffixes

7. words in context

  • dialogues
  • role play
  • drama
  • stories
  • songs
  • rhymes & poems
  • videos

8. Other techniques

  • Using a dictionary
  • Explaining
  • Describing
  • Defining the context
  • Translating

9. Step Two:helping students remember new words Using review gamesUsing memorizing games & activities Learning with friends 10. usinge memorizinggames and activities

  • giving directions
  • picture dictation
  • labeling words
  • searching words
  • sequencing words
  • guessing words
  • eliminating words
  • classifying words
  • Matching words

11. Review Games

  • Word search games
  • picture labeling
  • Bingo
  • dominoes
  • puzzles
  • charts or survey for their peers
  • crosswords

12. Socio-affectively, students can

  • practice words with a classmate or in a group
  • teach a word to a member of the family or peer
  • make and play word game with friends
  • peer test

13. Step Three:making sure studentsmake the new words their own Vocabulary record system Personalizing the new words 14. Vocabulary record system-1

  • Vocabulary books
    • in an alphabetical order
    • by topic or situation
    • by grammatical groups
    • by color sets
    • by story features

15. Vocabulary record system -2

  • personal dictionary (word notebooks)
    • marking word stress
    • adding pictures
    • putting an L1 translation
    • putting the word into context
    • adding a synonym
    • mapping a word family

16. personalize the new words

  • Keeping a learning log (blogs)
  • Keeping a diary (blogs)
  • Creative writingby using newly-learned words or phrases
  • Looking for recently learned words in storybooks, the Internet, the newspapers, etc., and noticing how they are used.

17. Meta-cognitively,learners learn how to

  • self-test
  • look for patterns in words
  • plan and organize a vocabulary record keeping system
  • Learn words in their preferred ways
  • reflect on learning and reviewing regularly
  • monitor vocabulary learning

18. Online Resources

  • Teaching Vocabulary:Two Dozen Tips and Techniques
  • English Vocabulary Word Lists with Games, Puzzles and Quizzes
  • LearnEnglishKids

19. End