ILLUSTRATIONS DRAWINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS CAPTIONS IN THESIS WRITING PGS-502 (Technical Writing & Communication Skills)Course in-charge Dr.R.Philip SridharanSSNAIK
What is an illustration ?
An illustration is adrawing, painting or printed work of art which explains, clarifies, illuminates, visually represents, or merely decorates a written text, which may be of a literary or commercial nature.
Difference between the text and illustration?
The process of pathogenesis begins with Adhesion of fungal infective units or conidium to the insect epicuticleGermination of infective units on cuticle, Penetration of the cuticleMultiplication in the haemolymphDeath of the host (Nutritional deficiency , destruction of tissues and releasingtoxins) Mycelial growth with invasion of all host organsPenetration of hyphae from the interior through the cuticle to exterior of the insect Production of infective conidia on the exterior of the insect. Most of the entomopathogenic fungi infect their hosts by penetration of the
cuticle by producing cuticle digesting enzymes ( Proteases lipases chitinases).The typical symptoms of fungal infection are, mummified body of insects and it does not disintegrate in water and body covered with filamentous mycelium
Where we have to mention the list of illustration in our thesis ?
1.Cover page (Top of the thesis)2.Title page 3.Certificate page 4.Abstract5.Acknowledgement6.Content page 7.List of tables 8.List of Figures. 9.List of Plates. A thesis
List the name of each figure or illustration, included in the body of your dissertation or thesis.
It should give the number of the page that it appears on give a descriptive title (not 'Figure 1', 'Table 1' etc.).You do not need to give reference details here.Include these in acitationnext to the figure itself and in your Reference List or Bibliography.The List of illustrations is positioned after the Contents page (on a separate page) and before the Introduction.
Example: 8.List of figures Fig. No Title Page No.111 Mode of action of the entomopathogenic fungi.60
Since material written to teach or inform usually needs illustrations to support the text, it becomes part of the authors job to suggest the illustrations in the manuscript.
Pick the passages to be illustrated
-Pick the passages that you want illustrated while you are writing; dont wait until you have done all the writing to go back through the manuscript, slapping in pictures here and there.
2. Choose illustrations for your particular text
3. Integrate illustrations and text
Once you have decided on the illustrations, you must integrate them with the text. You can do this by:Putting illustrations near the text they support,Making timely and adequate references to the illustrations,Discussing them in detail in your writing.
How to prepare illustrations
- You should label all necessary parts - You should give the illustration a good talking caption. - You should decide how large the reproduced illustration should be
Types of illustrations Story Illustration. Building Perspectives. Book Cover and Jacket Illustration. Product Advertisement. News paper Advertisement. Technical Illustrations Photographic Illustration. Sports. Comics. Medical and Botanical illustration Indoor Poster Outdoor Poster
Story Building Book cover News paper Advertisement Technical Illustrations
1.Photographs: Aphotographorphotois animagecreated bylightfalling on a light-sensitive surface, usuallyphotographic filmor an electronic medium . Most photographs are created using acamera, which uses alens to focus the scene's visible wavelengths of light into a reproduction of what thehumaneye would see. The process and practice of creating photographs is calledphotography.
Choose whether to insert your images within your chapters, at the end of chapters, or in a separate appendix at the end of your thesis. (Consult your thesis advisor.)
photograph title will display in your List of Figures
Image caption will not display in your List of Figures. (Use this for any annotative descriptions of the image.)
Keep your figures in separate files until you are ready to compile your Complete thesis.
But if you are going to create photographs in Word, create them in a file based on the Chapter Template.
This way when you go to insert the photographs into your full thesis document, the formatting will look the same.
Generally figures/photographs are included the page after they are mentioned, without leaving a gap at the bottom of the page before the figure. Unfortunately, there is no way to tell Word "put the figure on the page after it is first mentioned". When you go to insert your photographs .
Examples: We should not leave the top of the page if one photograph is one. Page
If two photographs are there we should have to follow the page specifications. 2 gap should be there.
Example : Plate No : 1 Rhinoceros beetle infested by Metarhizium anisopliae CAPTION
Rhinoceros beetle infested by Metarhizium anisopliae Plate no 1
Plate No : 1 RHINOCEROS BEETLE INFESTED BY METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE
Plate No : 1 RHINOCEROS BEETLE FEEDING ON THE FYM
Techniques in writing the captions The caption should related to our image The caption should not too long as it is not accommodate in the page. Always mention below the figure no. Or plate no.The caption should no t be in the capital letters Follow the general font.The picture should not be bordered outsides We should not alter the photograph inside the image b artificially
DRAWINGS Drawing is the art or technique of producing images on a surface, usuallypaper, by means of marks, usually ofink, graphite,chalk,charcoal, orcrayon.
Life Drawing, Emotive drawingSketchingAnalytic drawingPerspective drawingGeometric drawingDiagrammatic drawingIllustration drawing
Types Of Drawing
Fig. No.1 Coccinellid beetle ACEPrECvcaption
Conclusion Illustrations are the supporting image tools for the written text of our thesis We should not keep unnecessary illustrations to our thesisWe should have to include the list of the illustrations between the content page and introduction chapterMost probably after the text only the illustration should have to give Dont leave the space more on the top and bottom and on the sides of the page It should be in the centre to the page leave 2 from the top We should have give correct title and caption to the image or photograph
The caption should be bellow the fig no or plate No the photographs must be in the centre of the page follow the symmetry of the pageThe no. which we are giving in the list that should be match with the inside the image or figure. basically which is appearing first in te thesis that should given to first no. We should not give the illustrations in the discussion parts and references chapters The illustrations must come in the results chapter .
Thanks a lot Presented by S.Srinivas naik