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Ingilizce sunum (3)

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  • 1.BRANCH OF CHILDDEVELOPMENT ANDEDUCATION INTURKEY

2. Child Development Itis called accordance with the principles ofchild training programdevelopment, education and training to gaincompetency in practice the field. 3. WHY EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION? Pre-school education services, the childs physical health and well-being in the short term, social knowledge and competence, emotional health and maturity, language and cognitive development, communication skills and general knowledge of the instrument is a development makes an important contribution. 4. Studentswho graduate from thebranch of Child Development andEducation, in accordance with theirchosen branch of competencesacquired in the education sector; 1. In Pre-school education institutions, 2 We can work in special educationand rehabilitation centers in Turkey. 5. TEACHING METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN TURKEY Narration Discussion Case study (sample events) Demonstration Problem Solving Individual Study Question and Answer Brainstorming Acting ( role playing ) Simulation Pair works Drama 6. NARRATION It is based on teacher-centered, teacher publishes and teacher tellssubjects in courses . 7. DISCUSSION Itis a method that is to direct thestudents to think, well - understood inorder to improve the informationprovided used to explain and points. 8. CASE STUDY ( SAMPLE EVENTS ) Itis a teaching method by solvingreal-life problems encountered in theclassroom 9. DEMONSTRATION Itis a method way that showingstudents instruments and materialsbefore and then explanation . Teachershave students to be accustomed theseactivities and students make practiceusing with these information. 10. PROBLEM SOLVING Problemsolving effective and useful in order to reach the desired goal is to select and use good and suitable tools and behaviors of all possibilities. 11. INDIVIDUAL STUDY Itis a learning way that a studentlearns , knows , notices and lives . 12. QUESTION AND ANSWER Itis a teaching method thatcommunicated a number of pre-arranged questions are answered andexplained the truths to the otherpeople by students . 13. BRAINSTORMING Itis a creative method that is used inorder to bring solutions to theproblems and also this method is usedto decide and imagination throughcreative thinking way . 14. ACTING ( ROLE PLAYING ) Itis a teaching method that studentsuse to express their feelings andthoughts into another person providesa teaching technique. 15. SIMULATION Itis a teaching method that studentsact the situations and troubles as ifthey are real in life and treating andstudents do educational activities inthe classroom . 16. PAR WORKS AND GROUP WORKS Itis a teaching and studying methodaccording to the number of students(at least two or maximum of eightstudents) come together to work onthe same subject is called the commonpurposes of their study group. 17. DRAMA Itis a teaching method that studentsknow and notice how to behave inwhich stiuations by learning and living. 18. THEORIES WHCH ARE USED IN CHLDHOODDEVELOPMENT AND CARE IN TURKEY1- Mental development ( Jean Piagetslearning theory )A- Sensory motion ( sensorymotor ) period(0-2 years )B-Operation (pre-operational) period [2-7years]C- Concrete Operations (ConcreteOperational) Period [7-11 years]D- Abstract Processes (Formal Operational)Period [11 - age] 19. JEAN PIAGET S THEORY OF GAMES Practicalgame (0-2 years): In this phase, motor activity, the most obvious Symbolic Play (2-7 years): Symbolic play a representative basis for thinking Canonical game (7-12 years): This is a more advanced cognitive level of the universe 20. SPECIAL EDUCATION According to Thorndike an intelligence, consists ofa mixture of many mindfulness skills.These are: Mechanical Intelligence: Tools, equipment andmachinery enforce use of this intelligence isenabled Social Intelligence: Understand the people, whichthey describe relationships between individuals toact in accordance with Abstract Intelligence:Words, numbers, formulas, symbols, such asthinking, scientific 21. We are getting use of Sigmund Freud theory for mental health :MENTAL HEALTH The famous psychiatrist SigmundFreud, mental health, simply "to love and towork as" "Mental Health = Love and Work" SGMUND FREUD 22. THE COURSES ARE IN DEVELOPMENT OF PEDIATRIC ANMATON MOTHER AND CHLD HEALTH CHLDCARE CHLD NUTRTON MUSC IN CHLDRENS ACTVTES CHLDRENS MENTAL HEALTH COMMUNCATON AND CONTACT WTH THE CHLD EARLY CHLDHOOD PROGRAM BRANCH OF DEVELOPMENT GAME TOY MAKNG SPECAL EDUCATON 23. ANMATON Thiscourse is aimed at teaching the roles to play in society with the childs visual ways 24. MOTHER AND CHLD HEALTH Mothers womb before birth including the birth of the child and the childs developmental stages later with the birth process and the mothers health status and so on are discussed 25. CHLD CARE Itis a course that we learn preparation forchilds age appropriate simple events, materials publishes , daily care ,nutrition,physical security in courses in Turkey . 26. CHLD NUTRTON We learn which food and nutriment must be given to children and which food and drinks can be suitable and specific for children from their birth to their certain ages in courses in Turkey . And also we are taught to prepare the specific kid friendly menus for the children in our courses. 27. MUSIC IN CHILDRENS ACTIVITIES We learn the importance of music for children in the courses . Moreover we are taught some kinds of music so the children feel good and calm themselves. And also we know and learn some types of musical rhythm and instruments in our courses in Turkey . 28. CHLDRENS MENTAL HEALTH We are informed to their psychological development , influencing the development of mental factors and other similar publications in our courses in Turkey. 29. THE BRANCH OF CHLDDEVELOPMENT Welearn and examine carefully about childs psychomoto , social emotional, language and self-care skills step by step from starting childs birth . 30. DRAMA This course is about childrens necesseties . We learn that children recognize and know their personalities . We are sure that children had better know and notice their personalities easily by themselves . We are taught children have to know their needs and must notice being able to solve problems which face to face by living and learning by themselves . 31. GAME Children games , game phases ( getting warm , moving , relaxing and acting games etc. ) are taught and discussed in our classes in Turkey . 32. MAKING TOYS Itis followed and taught the different levels, methods and tecniques for making toysaccording to childrens ages , interests,desires their development . 33. SPECAL EDUCATON Theprivileged children with developmental stages are taught in our courses in Turkey . And also suitable events , materials and methods tecniques for these children are taught and explained in our courses in Turkey . 34. EARLY CHLDHOOD PROGRAMME Itis the course that annual and daily plansare decided and determined for children inkindergartens or nursery schools in Turkey .We can learn and know these plans in thesecourses in Turkey . 35. These activities were done in our earlychildhood programme courses :(LEAF PRNTNG ) 36. (BRUSH PRNTNG) 37. (BAMBOO PRNTNG) 38. (SPREAD PRNTNG) 39. TOY MAKNG WTH DFFERENT MATERALS 40. (PAPER WORKS) 41. THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TURKEY AND SPAIN IN TURKEY IN SPAIN Pre-school education Pre-school educationbegins at the earliest 3 begins from 1 year old inyears old in TurkeySpain . 6 years old begins to 4-5 years old begins to readread and write in Turkey . and write . Game is more important we observed that there is anthan educatian inequality between educationkindergartens in Turkey .and game in the kindergartens in Spain . 42. IN TURKEY IN SPAIN The types of equipment andThe types of equipment andtoys are used and different toys are much more than inSpain.equipment and toys are lessthan in TurkeyThere are more sufficientpractice parts in teachingGenerally there are no classes in Spain .sufficient practice parts inteaching classes in Turkey.There are interestcorners(parts ) and enoughThere are interest corners ( meterials in classes in Spain .parts ) but there are noAnd also there are boxes orsufficient materials in cabinets for materials inclassrooms in Turkey .classes in Spain. 43. IN TURKEYIN SPAIN According to the childs According to ourinterest and willingness observations in Spainsome programmes or there are no changes withactivities can be changed. the activities and games. There is 1 teacher and According to oursometimes 1woman helperobservations in Spain therefor 25 children in eachare 2 teachers for 15-18classroom in Turkey .children . 3-6 years old childrens According to ourhave the same meal , food observations there are different meals , food andand drinks in the drinks in Spain .kindergartens in Turkey. 44. IN TURKEY IN SPAINIn Turkey usually , teachers Both teachers and childrenare active but students arepassive.are active in Spain .We saw in SpainIn Turkey kindergarten kindergarten buildings arebuildings consists of not seperated from otherindependent buildingbuildings .In Turkey children do notwear uniforms inkindergartens We saw all children and allteachers wear uniforms inThere is 1 year theorickindergartens in Spain.education or training and 2years practical education orWe do not know anythingtraining in high schools in about this in high schools inTurkey .Spain . 45. The first modern early childhood instutions wereopened in early 20 century . But the firstkindergarten was opened in 1915 . The first privatekindergartens opened in factories in Turkey . Thefirst public kindergartens and nursery schools wereopened after the Balkan Wars. The first privatekindergartens were opened in some cities on 23 rdJuly 1908 later in Istanbul in Turkey. The firstplanned pre-school child education started in 1913in Turkey. 46. Until 1961-1962, detailed and modern publickindergartens and nursery schools could notfounded in Turkey . After 1961-1962 detaile

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