ISTC 201 - Plagiarism and Proper Citation

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  • 1. ISTC 201 Plagiarism and Proper Citation LAKSAMEE PUTNAMLPUTNAM@TOWSON.EDU RESEARCH & INSTRUCTION LIBRARIAN

2. First Laksamee Putnam lputnam@towson.edu Cook Library Reference: 410.704.2462. IM/email Phone: 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Albert S. Cook facebook profile! 3. Agenda Define plagiarism Real world examples and discussion Towson Policy Academic Integrity APA citation style 4. How do you define plagiarism?http://icanhascheezburger.com/2007/09/12/copy-cat/ 5. How do you define plagiarism? 6. How do you define plagiarism? Using someones ideas or expression of those ideas(words, pictures, music, etc) Without giving proper credit 7. An interesting side story A quote attributed to Martin Luther King Jr. went viral after the death of Osama bin Laden But part of it was never said or written by him http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/ 05/anatomy-of-a-fake-quotation/238257/ 8. Its out there, why not reuse it?www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885 Gabriel, T. (2010, August 1) Plagiarism Lines Blur forImage by Duane Hoffmann Students in the Digital Age. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/02/education/02chea t.htmlIf you are not so worried about presenting yourself as absolutely unique, then its O.K.if you say other peoples words, its O.K. if you say things you dont believe,its O.K. if you write papers you couldnt care less about because they accomplish thetask, which is turning something in and getting a grade and its O.K. if you put words out there without getting any credit.~Susan D. Blum anthropologist at The University of Notre Dame, author of My Word!: Plagiarismand College Culture on student attitudes toward plagiarism 9. Its out there, why not reuse it?Discussion on the article: Your thoughts on plagiarism Why dont some people seem to think its bad to copy? Why do people who know its wrong still do it? Does downloading music count? What examples of plagiarism have you heard of? In the news?From a friend? Etc? 10. Common Knowledge Quandary Ive heard that common knowledge doesnt have to becited. What is common knowledge? Some examples: Waste not, want not. George Washington was the first president of the US College students like pizza When in doubt, cite it. 11. A more serious example The German Defense Minister resigned and his PhD was taken away because it was found that his thesis was plagiarized http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe- 12608083 12. What is the policy at Towson? Policy for Academic Integrity: http://www.towson.edu/studentaffairs/policies/academicintegrity.asp Two Strike System 100 reported cases a year One suspension a year 13. Why is it important to cite your sources? 14. Why is it important to Cite your Sources? Allows your readers to verify and identify yourinformation Support your argument Gives credit to the owners of the ideas Not plagiarizing Get credit for your ideas! Required for your assignment! 15. What needs to be cited? Books Examples: Web Pagesimages from Magazine articles Web, statistical Graphics tables VHS,DVD, audio, etc. Government reports Statistics Encyclopedia articles Any source of information! 16. Example A Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Googles approach may win outheavyweights to knock out the over the long term. In the earlyother. Yet if history is any1980s Apple lost its lead in the PCguide, Googles approach may winmarket as Microsoft enlisted theout over the long term. Recall that aid of hordes of softwarein the early 1980s Apple lost its developers and dozens of PClead in the PC market whenmanufacturers.Microsoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 17. Example A Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Googles approach may win outheavyweights to knock out the over the long term. In the earlyother. Yet if history is any1980s Apple lost its lead in the PCguide, Googles approach may winmarket as Microsoft enlisted theout over the long term. Recall that aid of hordes of softwarein the early 1980s Apple lost its developers and dozens of PClead in the PC market whenmanufacturers.Microsoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 18. Example B Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech History tells us that Googlesheavyweights to knock out the approach may be successful overother. Yet if history is anythe long term. In the early 1980sguide, Googles approach may winApple lagged in the PC market asout over the long term. Recall that Microsoft collaborated within the early 1980s Apple lost its software developers and dozenslead in the PC market whenof PC manufacturers. Now, ifMicrosoft enlisted the aid of Google would only summon ahordes of software developers united front, Apple could again beand dozens of PC manufacturers. swamped by the collectiveNow, if Google can marshal such a innovations (Burrows, 2009).united front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 19. Example B Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech History tells us that Googlesheavyweights to knock out the approach may be successful overother. Yet if history is anythe long term. In the early 1980sguide, Googles approach may winApple lagged in the PC market asout over the long term. Recall that Microsoft collaborated within the early 1980s Apple lost its software developers and dozenslead in the PC market whenof PC manufacturers. Now, ifMicrosoft enlisted the aid of Google would only summon ahordes of software developers united front, Apple could again beand dozens of PC manufacturers. swamped by the collectiveNow, if Google can marshal such a innovations (Burrows, 2009).united front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 20. Paraphrasing Using an idea and putting it in your own words(sentence bysentence) Avoid paraphrase plagiarism--where your paraphrase is too similar to original source Using a thesaurus your own writing Remember to cite!A paraphrase must always be documented. Avoid cutting and pasting anything but what you use as directquotes. 21. Example C Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Google stands a chance of beatingheavyweights to knock out the Apple if it can benefit from theother. Yet if history is anypooled ideas of softwareguide, Googles approach may windevelopers and deviceout over the long term. Recall that manufacturers, following thein the early 1980s Apple lost its strategy that Microsoft employedlead in the PC market whento Apples detriment in the earlyMicrosoft enlisted the aid of 80s.hordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 22. Example C Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Google stands a chance of beatingheavyweights to knock out the Apple if it can benefit from theother. Yet if history is anypooled ideas of softwareguide, Googles approach may windevelopers and deviceout over the long term. Recall that manufacturers, following thein the early 1980s Apple lost its strategy that Microsoft employedlead in the PC market whento Apples detriment in the earlyMicrosoft enlisted the aid of 80s.hordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 23. Example D Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Burrows suggests that in theheavyweights to knock out the battle of the tech heavyweightsother. Yet if history is anyGoogle might eventually prevailguide, Googles approach may winover Apple if it follows theout over the long term. Recall that strategy that Microsoft employedin the early 1980s Apple lost its to Apples detriment during thelead in the PC market whenearly 80s: collaborating, andMicrosoft enlisted the aid of innovating, with softwarehordes of software developers developers and manufacturersand dozens of PC manufacturers. (2009, p. 25).Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 24. Example D Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Burrows suggests that in theheavyweights to knock out the battle of the tech heavyweightsother. Yet if history is anyGoogle might eventually prevailguide, Googles approach may winover Apple if it follows theout over the long term. Recall that strategy that Microsoft employedin the early 1980s Apple lost its to Apples detriment during thelead in the PC market whenearly 80s: collaborating, andMicrosoft enlisted the aid of innovating, with softwarehordes of software developers developers and manufacturersand dozens of PC manufacturers. (2009, p. 25).Now, if Google can marshal such aunited front, Apple could again beswamped by the collectiveinnovations. 25. Style Manuals Different disciplines use different style manuals Social Sciences = American Psychological Association (APA) Humanities = MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA) 26. Library Resources for APA http://cooklibrary.towson.edu/styleGuides.cfm https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/ 27. Citing correctly in APA Exact QuoteEvery in-text 1. xcitation shouldhave a match 2. In-text citation in the(Smith, 2004, p. 35)bibliography 3. An entry in the References list (the bibliography) at theend of the paper 28. Citing correctly in APA - Paraphrase 1. Legitimate paraphrase 2. In-text citation(Smith, 2004) 3. An entry in the References list at the end of the paperAgain, every in-text citation should have a match inthe bibliography! 29. In-text Citation for an Article (HTML) from a Database (Business Source Complete) In-text: Mobile devices increase access to sensitive corporate data(Swartz, 2006, p. 25). In-text with signal phrase: Swartz points out that mobile devices increase access to sensitivecorporate data (2006, p.25). 30. References Entry for an Article (HTML)from a Database (Business Source Premier)Swartz, N. (2006). Safeguarding corporate secrets. Information Management Journal, 40 (5), 24-30. Retrieved from http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.c ws_home/505553/description#description 31. Other Interesting Links There is a game for everything http://depts.washington.edu/trio/quest/citation/apa_mla_citation_game/index.htm Resources to check yourself http://www.plagiarism.org/ Theres an App for that http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/quick-cite/id405796616?mt=8 32. Take an APA quiz! Take this online quiz: http://cooklibrary.towson.edu/quiz/apa/ When you submit it be sure to enter your email andyour instructors email correctly! Immediately after submitting you will receive anemail letting you know your score and the correctanswers 33. Questions? Feel free to contact me: Laksamee Putnam lputnam@towson.edu 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Or any reference librarian: Visit Cook Library Reference Desk 410.704.2462. IM tucookchat

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