Japanese garden 2013-notes

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  • 1.12/7/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your GardenIn a Japanese Garden: Using CA Native Pines, Junipers & Other Gymnosperms C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh PreserveMadrona Marsh PreserveGardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. County Project SOUND 2013 (our9thDecember 7 & 10, 2013year) Project SOUND2014: Bringing Nature Home - Lessons from Gardening Traditions Worldwide Project SOUNDWhat do you think of when you hear the words Japanese Garden?http://www.interiorholic.com/outdoors/landscaping/japanesestroll-garden-designs/ Ponds/lakes Streams Waterfalls Japanese lanterns Bridges Green, green & more green Evergreen shrubs & trees Careful, formal pruning Not a leaf in sight Pink/purple flowers Colorful fall leaves Peaceful/meditation Project SOUND Project SOUND http://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marinocalifornia/1

2. 12/7/2013There are actually several Japanese garden types/stylesMany local Japanese Gardens combine several types/styleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenPromenade or Stroll GardenDry Zen/meditation Garden http://www.culturalnews.com/?p=7620 Project SOUNDEarl Burns Miller Japanese Garden Project SOUNDJapanese garden Descanso GardensCSULB - 1250 N Bellflower Blvd Long Beach http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/28218598.jpghttp://www.descansogardens.org/ Project SOUND Project SOUND2 3. 12/7/2013Huntington Library 100 years old very establishedSuiho En, the garden of water and fragrance - Tillman Water Reclamation Plant (Woodley Park, 6100 Woodley Avenue, Van Nuys) 6.5 acres Designed by Dr. Koichi Kawana; constructed 1980-1983. Also the new Chinese Garden Well worth the trip in any season Ranked 10 of300 public Japanese gardens in the United States by the Journal of Japanese Gardening. Includes: a dry Zen meditation garden (Karesansui); large chisen, or "wet strolling" garden with waterfalls, lakes, greenery; an authentic tea house and adjacent tea garden.http://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marino Project SOUND california/ Project SOUND http://pumpkinmania.blogspot.com/2013/02/a-visit-to-japanese-garden-suiho-en-at.htmlJapans climate is not our climateCan there ever truly be a Japanese Garden in S. California (or outside of Japan, for that matter) ? Much more like the Pacific Northwest or N. CA:http://www.worldpress.org/images/maps/world_600w.jpghttp://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/28218598.jpg Project SOUND More rainfall; higher humidity (fog) Colder in winter Landforms: more vulcanism than tectonic uplifting Forests/mountains/sea more accessible (at least where some of the famous gardens are - can borrow the outside landscapes better than we can)Bottom line: Japan and Japanese culture are quite different Project SOUND3 4. 12/7/2013But like all gardening traditions, Japanese gardening has lessons to teach usThe Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese history Shinto religion: Reverence for the natural world The special holiness of certain places, natural objectshttp://travelpast50.com/roadside-shinto-shrine-nikko-japan/ Need to keep animals (including humans) and other things in or out: Fences & gates separate world into sacred & profane The garden is a place apart from the outside world A retreat that allows for renewalhttp://www.asherbrowne.com/ Project SOUND Project SOUND http://www.chinagardensociety-kc.org/ChineseGarden_KC.htmThe Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese historyThe Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese history Influence of China & Korea (~700800 A.D) Reverence for tradition and the many 100s of years of formal gardening tradition Gardening traditions go back > 3000 years include large public gardens and small http://www.chinagardensociety-kc.org/ChineseGarden_KC.htm Importance of studying/ studying with the masters Many elements influenced Japanese gardening tradition: The idea of gardens producing harmony between humans & nature Enclosure: walled gardens Specific elements: ponds, rock works, trees and flowers Winding paths connecting a series of carefully composed scenes Project SOUND Demographics http://i1100.photobucket.com/albums/g406/kunouero/41R.jpg City life: need to bring nature to people who were becoming removed from it and had leisure to enjoy it Small islands/limited land/growing population the need for retreathttp://farm5.staticflickr.com/4093/4782591223_3e68c8420d_z.jpg Project SOUNDhttp://www.chinatoday.com/culture/chinese_garden.htm4 5. 12/7/2013Roji (Cha-niwa) Teahouse GardensThe Tea Garden Simple, small rustic gardens, often with teahouseshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_garden Evokes the remoteness and tranquility of the mountains, and provides an illusion of depth. Guests are made to feel as if they were walking along a simple mountain path, so the prevailing colors are greens and browns of various shades and intensities. Purpose: transition path/passage between the mundane cares/ stresses of the secular world and the detached spiritual realm of the tea ceremony Few exotic/flowering plants would distract Seasons are subtly reflected through autumn leaves or spring buds; variety in diverse shapes and levels of shininess of the leaves. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_garden Project SOUND Project SOUNDhttp://www.minimalisti.com/architecture/exterior-design-architecture/12/traditional-japanesegarden.htmlStorrier Stearns Japanese Garden, PasadenaBut how do we apply the principles of Japanese gardening to our own gardens?http://japanesegardenpasadena.com/ Project SOUND Project SOUND5 6. 12/7/2013The lessons of Japanese Gardens are reflected in the essence of the traditionhttp://www.landscapingnetwork.com/garden-styles/asian.htmlThe essence of Japanese gardening is to capture the spirit of the natural world in which we live - and bring it homehttp://img.photobucket.com/albums/v44/Dragynstorm/Japan2012/Japan20 12_F_57_zps7707e7eb.jpgA garden is at its best when it reflects some of the themes found in nature, yet elevates and interprets those themes into an artful expression of human interaction with the land. Project SOUNDThe spirit of Japanese gardening is rooted in a sense of place Project SOUNDThe essence of nature created in a smaller spacehttp://www.zimbio.com/Gordon+Smith/articles/_2JMBjlKz-1/Nontraditional+Japanese+Garden+Arroyo+Grande So a Japanese-influenced California garden interprets California landscapes and will never look like a Japanese garden in Japan Project SOUND Project SOUND6 7. 12/7/2013Classical plants for Japanese gardens Trees:Before designing a garden we must first study natural landscapes in detail, to determine the essence of the California landscapeJapanese maple Flowering cherry Gingko Podocarpus Shrubs: Bamboo Camellia Azalea Pine Juniperhttp://www.interiorholic.com/outdoors/landscaping/japanese-strollgarden-designs/ Groundcovers & perennials: Asiatic jasmine Star jasmine Ginger Ferns Liriope Thyme Mondo grass Project SOUND Project SOUNDhttp://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marinocalifornia/Choices for Japanese influenced CA garden N. CA coastal and mountain forests most like Japanese forests S. CA forests drier, but still forest communities More local plant communities Coastal Prairie/shrubland Coastal Sage Scrub Coastal Chaparral (Santa Monica Mtns) Project SOUND First we need to develop a deep understanding of the natural landscape Then we must determine the essence of what makes our California landscape unique Only then can we apply traditional principles for bringing nature home Project SOUND7 8. 12/7/2013N. California evergreen forestshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_California_coastal_fo rests_(WWF_ecoregion)Coastal redwood forestCool, damp, foggy with relatively rich, organic soils http://gallery.photo.net/photo/15348535-md.jpg Project SOUND Project SOUNDThe essence of the coastal northern forestMixed evergreen foresthttp://www.lizasreef.com/HOPE%20FOR%20THE%20RAIN%20FORESTS/rain_forests_of_the_ world.htmClosed-cone pine forest Project SOUND Shade: medium to dense Play of light and shade; may be islands of sun Straight tree trunks: column/pole-like and often large Evergreen Gymnosperms Smaller understory plants: often vine-like Spots of color in mostly green landscape Mostly flat fades out into the mist Project SOUND8 9. 12/7/2013Evolution of plants The gymnosperms are older than the angiosperms (flowering plants) by quite a bit (~ 400 MYA vs ~ 150 MYA)The Gymnosperms: old and less mighty than in the past 700 living species Classically divided into four divisions (subclasses): The gymnosperms: http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/plantrelat.gif Have pollen & seeds Do not have flowers or fruits; are not dependent on livingpollinators Pollen comes into direct contact with ovule (seed) for fertilization to occur http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/biobookdiversity_6.htmlhttp://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-iii/kingdoms-living-world/gymnosperms.php Project SOUNDA modern representation of the phylogeny of gymnosperms based on chloroplast DNA. The pine family (Pinaceae) and a sister branch leading to six additional families have a common ancestor within the division Pinophyta.http://sydkab.wordpress.com/tag/gondwanaland/ In other words, the seven major families of cone-bearing trees and shrubs all evolved from the division Pinophyta. Project SOUND Conifers: pines, spruce, cypress worldwide Cycads (such as the sago palm) - tropics Ginkgos (the maidenhair tree, Ginkgo biloba) - Asia Gnetophytes (such as Mormon tea, Ephedra Project SOUNDDivision Pinophyta: California natives Family Pinaceae: Cedrus, Pinus, Cathaya, Picea, Pseudotsuga, Larix, Pseudolarix,