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Leadership 1122

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Page 1: Leadership 1122

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Leadership and Emergency

Management

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ObjectivesUpon completion of this lesson, you will become familiar with:

1. Define leadership.2. List the types of leadership.3. Describe the qualities of leadership.4. Define emergency and list the types of

emergencies.

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Objectives5. List the phases of emergency.

6. Describe the effects of emergency.

7. Define emergency management and describe the emergency preparedness.

8. List the phases of emergency management

9. Describe the incident command system.

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Leadership Leadership is the ability to develop a vision that motivates others to move with a passion towards a common goal. So leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent.

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1. Autocratic leadership style

2. Democratic leadership style

3. Laissez-faire leadership style

Types of Leadership Style

© PhotoDisc

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Autocratic Style

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• A leadership style where the leader makes all decisions independently or without consulting with others

• Advantages: good in certain circumstances, such as urgent tasks or military actions

• Disadvantages: poor decisions, poor level of employee motivation

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Autocratic Style

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Democratic Style• A leadership style where a leader

encourages employee participation in decision-making

• Persuasive or consultative

• Advantages: better decisions, employee motivation

• Disadvantages: delayed decision, long consultation

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Democratic Style

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Laissez-faire Style

• A leadership style where employees are encouraged to make their own decisions within limits.

• Advantages: more freedom for employees

• Disadvantages: few guidelines, poor motivation, maybe a mess

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Laissez-faire Style

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Qualities of leadership

Key leadership qualities

positive self image Clear vision

Innovative ideas to problems

Quickly sense and respond to changes

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Emergency

Management

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Emergency

Any situation which require an immediate response, sometimes life or lives can be at risk due to the emergency situation.

Examples: Road traffic accident, Hard fall or high impact injuries, Drowning, Domestic fire

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Emergency

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Types of Emergencies

1. Natural Emergencies

2. Manmade Emergencies

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Natural Emergencies

A natural emergency is an adverse event resulting from natural processes.

Examples: Heart Attack, Snack bite, Fog,

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Natural Emergencies

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Manmade Emergencies

A manmade emergency is caused directly and principally by one or more identifiable negligent human actions.

Examples: Road traffic accident, Drowning, Bomb blast, Poisoning, Falling

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Man made Emergencies

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Phases of Emergency

1. Pre-Emergency Phase

2. Alert and Warning Phase

3. Emergency Phase

4. Recovery / Rehabilitation andRe-Construction Phase

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Pre-Emergency Phase

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Alert and Warning Phase

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Emergency Phase

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Rehabilitation and Re-Construction Phase

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Rehabilitation and Re-Construction Phase

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Effects of Emergency

1. Environmental Effects

2. Effects on Health

3. Economic Effects

4. Administrative Effects

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Environmental Effects• Transportation

• Structures

• Communication Systems

• Utilities

• Water Service

• Fuel Supplies

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Effects on Health• Casualties

• Disease Transmission

• Food, Shelter, and Primary health care

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Economic Effects• Destroy economies

• Economic activities are severely curtailed

• People must leave their jobs and devote their time to disaster-related activities.

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Administrative Effects• Disruption of formal organizations

• Disruption of local administration

• Effects on community leadership

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Emergency ManagementEmergency management seeks to promote safer, less vulnerable communities with the capacity to cope with hazards and disasters. Emergency management is the managerial function charged with creating the framework within which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.

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Emergency Preparedness• Identify hazards and assess risk.

• Assess capabilities and resources.

• Develop an emergency plan and procedures.

• Integrate the plan with the community plan.

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Emergency Preparedness• Conduct training.

• Public relations.

• Conduct Drills and Exercises.

• Develop Plan Audit Procedures.

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Scope of Operation

Affected region

City or area

Work Site

Scene

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Phases of Emergency Management

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IncidentCommander

OperationsSection

PlanningSection

LogisticsSection

Finance/Administration

Section

Information OfficerSafety OfficerLiaison Officer

A flexible system for managing people and resources

Incident Command System

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Incident Command SystemIncident

Commander

OperationsSection

PlanningSection

LogisticsSection

Finance/Administration

Section

Information OfficerSafety OfficerLiaison Officer

Squad Leader

RescueSpecialist

RescueSpecialist

RescueSpecialist

RescueSpecialist

RescueSpecialist

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Incident Commander

The Incident Commander (IC) is the person in charge at the incident who must be fully qualified to manage the incident. As incidents grow in size or become increasingly complex, a more highly qualified IC may be assigned by the responsible jurisdiction or agency.

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Incident Commander

The sole function of the IC is to manage the incident by assigning tactical resources and overseeing operations, delegating authority to others as required. The IC should not become involved in hands on activities.

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Incident Command Post

The Incident Command Post (ICP) is the location from which the IC oversees all incident operations. There is only one ICP for each incident or event.

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ObjectivesUpon completion of this lesson, you will become familiar with:

1. Define leadership.2. List the types of leadership.3. Describe the qualities of leadership.4. Define emergency and list the types of

emergencies.

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Objectives5. List the phases of emergency.

6. Describe the effects of emergency.

7. Define emergency management and describe the emergency preparedness.

8. List the phases of emergency management

9. Describe the incident command system.

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