Michigan Pioneer & History Collections

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Author: Michael E. UnsworthMichigan State University

Text of Michigan Pioneer & History Collections

  • 1. The Michigan Pioneer andHistorical Collections: A Case Study in Digitization
    • Michael Unsworth Humanities Librarian
  • MSU Libraries [email_address]

2. GENESIS : Library Instruction Session 3. WHY SHOULD WE CARE

  • "The content of this forty volume history series, though uneven in quality, includesvaluable material . Every teacher of Michigan history will testify to itsusefulness . Even the less scholarly contributions constitute important evidence ofwhat a generation of pioneers regarded as significantin their history."
  • Lewis G. Vander Velde, "The Michigan Historical Commission: 1913-1963,"Michigan HistoryVol. 48, no. 2 (June 1964): 98.

4. EXAMPLE :

  • J.A. Giradin, Slavery in Detroit,Pioneer CollectionsVol. 1 (1877): 415:
  • In ancient times the city of Detroit and vicinity had slaves among its inhabitants. The old citizens generally purchased them from marauding bands of Indians, who had captured the negro slaves in their war depredations on plantations
  • Everyone lived in arcadian simplicity and contentment. The negro was satisfied with his position, and rendered valuable service to his master

5. ANOTHER EXAMPLE:

  • F.M. Holloway, Hillsdale County from 1829 to 1836 Inclusive,Pioneer CollectionsVol. 1 (1877): 180-181:
  • and Mr. Stevens went with it [the proposed name of Litchfield] to Detroit, and by the free use of liquid, and other arrangements, prevailed on the Legislature to adopt that name.

6. WHY DIGITIZE?

  • Scattered runs
  • 54 repositories: OCLC; 20+ with full runs
  • Publishing inconsistencies
  • Poor quality paper
  • Loss of other materials

7. WHY DIGITIZE?

  • FROM THE MSUL CIRCULATION DEPT.:
  • This item is sufficiently overdue that it is not likely to be returned in a timely fashion.(The borrower who has it has been billed for its replacement)You may request this material via interlibrary loan (ILL):
  • Pioneer collections : report of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan, together with reports of county, town, and district pioneer societiesLansing? Mich.: The Society], 1877-1888 MSU MAIN LIBRARY F561 .M47v.9 1886
  • Also checked out at MSUL: Vols. 1, 10-12; 15-18, 40 & Index for Vols 1-15

8. DIGITIZERS

  • American Memory (Library of Congress; digitized for the Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910 )
  • Google Book Search
  • Internet Archive Texts Collection is a "collection is open to the community for the contribution of any type of text," many were scanned by Microsoft's "Live Search Books" during 2006-2008.
  • University of Michigan Digital Library

9. PUBLICATION HISTORY

  • 1876-1886 (Vols. 1- 9):Pioneer Collections.Lansing : Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan & Pioneer and Historical Society of the State of Michigan (PHSSM) .
  • 1886-1912 (Vols. 10-38):Historical Collections.Lansing : PHSSM & Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society.
  • 1915-1929 (Vols. 39-40):Michigan Historical Collections . Lansing : Michigan Historical Commission.
  • Reprints/2 nded. for Vols. 1-21 published 1900-13.

10. Michigan Historical CollectionsCAREFULL!!! 11. 12. VARIANT TITLES

  • Historical Collections And Researches [1 STed.] Vol. 37 (1909,1910)
  • Collections of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan[2nd ed. or Reprint] Vol. 06 (1907) - Vol. 08 (1907) .
  • Collections: Report Of The Pioneer Society Of The State Of Michigan[2nd ed. or Reprint] Vol. 09 (1908)

13. CAUTION!!!

  • Itneverhad the title ofMichigan Pioneer and Historical Collections , but its been commonly used to describe the entire collection.

14. BIBLIOGRAPHIC TREATMENT FOR 1 stEDITION

  • Successive Entry
  • Pioneer collections (1877).Vol. 1- 9( 1876-1886)OCLC #8597825
  • Historical collections (Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society : 1888). Vol. 10-38 (1886-1912)OCLC #8069520
  • Michigan Historical Collections .Vol. 39-40 (1915-1929)OCLC #8597926

15. Bibliographic Treatment for 1 stEd. Latest Entry; OCLC #1757295 16. ANALYSIS 17. Analysis

  • The sets numerous titles and issuing bodies complicate any system of bibliographic control.It is inherently messy.

18. Analysis

  • 2. Not all volumes digitized:
  • 1 st . Ed.: 39 of 40 vol. were doneVol. 9 was not digitized by any project
  • 2 nd . Ed.: just 13 of 21 vol. were done

19. Analysis

  • 3. Indexing:
  • Each volume has its own index
  • Society-created cumulative indexes were digitized
  • Most indexes created by outside groups have not been digitized

20. Analysis

  • 4. No project treated it as a serial or collection:
  • No one stop listing
  • Cant search authors or subjects across all volumes, as in:
  • ERGO

21. Analysis

  • 5. Digitization has:
  • Increased distribution of individual volumes
  • Provided access to content with:
    • Volume & cumulated indexes
    • Keyword searching only within each volume

22. SOLUTIONS/ COPING MECHANISMS 23. Digitizer Compilation

  • JSTOR

24. Contributor Compilation: U. of Toronto 25. Contributor Compilation: 856 fields in MARC records 26. Outsider Compilation #1

  • http://guides.lib.msu.edu/
  • page.phtml?page_id=2159

27. Outside Compilation #1 28. Outside Compilation #3 29. Selective Indexing 30. Selective Indexing 31. Selective Indexing 32. Selective Indexing 33. COMPREHENSIVE INDEXING PROJECT Requires $$$$ 34. CONCLUSIONS 35.

  • 1. Three of the mass digitization projects took no or minimum effort to study bibliographic records to insure that all access points were available. Only the Internet Archive provided all author and title permutations.

36. 2. Genus Librarianus is still needed, but needs time & resources to stay abreast of developments. Then can s/he react to techno projects and make sense of them usingknowledge of the print and online worlds. 37. END http://libdata.lib.msu.edu/login.phtml