This is Grammar In Use student's course book. It presents from basic to advance grammar.
Text of Murphy r. english grammar in use. 2012 4 ed
11 11 A self-study reference and practice book for intermediate learners of English Fourth Edition ...- with , nsw.es::' a r ,. ~ ~.....__ "11.: .....,_ - . - - - - :---. - ~ --. , -~ - ~ .. Raymond Murphy
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York. Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Tokyo, Mexico City Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/englishgrammarinuse Fourth Edition Cambridge University Press 20 12 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. English Grammar in Use first published 1985 Fourth edition 20 12 Reprinted 2012 Printed in China by Golden Cup Printing Co. Ltd A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Ubrary ISBN ISBN ISBN ISBN ISBN 978-0-521-18906-4 978-0-521-18908-8 978-0-521-18939-2 978-0-51 1-96173-1 978-1-1 07-64138-9 Edition with answers Edition without answers Edition with answers and CD-ROM Online access code pack On line access code pack and book with answers Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter.
Thanks VII To the student To the teacher v111 x Present and past 1 Present continuous (I am doing) 2 Present simple (I do) 3 4 5 6 Present continuous and present simple 1 (1 am doing and I do) Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do) Past simple (I did) Past continuous (I was doing) Present perfect and past 7 Present perfect 1 (I have done) 8 Present perfect 2 (I have done) 9 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing) 10 Present perfect continuous and simple (I have been doing and I have done) 11 How Long have you (been) ... ? 12 For and since When ... ? and How Long ... ? 13 Present perfect and past 1 (I have done and I did) 14 Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did) 15 Past perfect (I had done) 16 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing) 17 Have and have got 18 Used to (do) Future 19 Present ten ses (I am doing I I do) for the future 20 (I'm) going to (do) 21 WiLL/shaLL 1 22 WiLL/shaLL 2 23 I wiLL and I'm going to 24 Will be doing and wiLL have done 25 When I do I When I've done When and if fv1odals 26 Can, could and (be) able to 27 Could (do) and could have (done) 28 Must and can't 29 May and might 1 30 May and might 2 3 1 Have to and must 32 Must mustn't needn't 33 Should 1 34 Should 2 35 Had better lt's time ... 36 Would 37 Can/Could/Would you ... ? etc. (Requests, offers, permission and invitations) IF YOU AR E N OT SUR E WHI CH UNITS YO U NEED TO STUDY, USE TH E STUDY GUIDE O N PAGE 326. ... Ill
If and wish 38 39 40 41 If I do ... and If I did ... If I knew... I wish I knew ... If I had known ... I wish I had known ... Wish Passive 42 43 44 45 46 Passive 1 (is done I was done) Passive 2 (be done I been done I being done) Passive 3 lt is said that ... He is said to ... He is supposed to ... Have something done Reported speech 47 Reported speech 1 (He said that ... ) 48 Reported speech 2 Questions and auxiliary verbs 49 50 51 52 Questions 1 Questions 2 (Do you know where ... ? I He asked me where ... ) Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can etc.) I think so I I hope so etc. Question tags (do you? isn't it? etc.) -ing and to ... 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 Verb+ -ing (enjoy doing I stop doing etc.) Verb+ to ... (decide to ... I forget to ... etc.) Verb(+ object)+ to ... (I want you to ... etc.) Verb+ -ing or to ... 1 (remember/regret etc.) Verb+ -ing or to ... 2 (try/need/help) Verb+ -ing or to ... 3 (Like I would Like etc.) Prefer and would rather Preposition (in/for/about etc.)+ -ing Be/ get used to something (I'm used to ... ) Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing I accuse somebody of -ing etc.) Expressions+ -ing To ... , for ... and so that ... Adjective+ to ... To ... (afraid to do) and preposition+ -ing (afraid of -ing) See somebody do and see somebody doing -ing clauses (Feeling tired, I went to bed early.) Articles and nouns 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 . IV Countable and uncountable 1 Countable and uncountable 2 Countable nouns with a/an and some A/an and the The 1 The 2 (school I the school etc.) The 3 (children I the children) The 4 (the giraffe I the telephone I the piano etc., the + adjective) Names with and without the 1 Names with and without the 2 IF YOU ARE NOT SURE WH ICH UNITS YOU NEED TO STUDY, USE TH E STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326.
79 Singular and plural 80 Noun+ noun (a tennis ball I a headache) 81 -'s (your sister's name) and of ... (the name of the book) Pronouns and determiners 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Myself/yourself/themselves etc. A friend of mine My own house On my own I by myself There ... and it ... Some and any No/none/any Nothing/ nobody etc. Much, many, Little, few, a Lot, plenty All I all of most I most of no I none of etc. Both I both of neither I neither of either I either of All, every and whole Each and every Relative clauses 92 93 94 95 96 97 Relative clauses 1: clauses with who/that/ which Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who/ that/which Relative clauses 3: whose/ whom/where Relative clauses 4: extra information clauses (1) Relative clauses 5: extra information clauses (2) -ing and -ed clauses (the woman talking to Tom, the boy injured in the accident) Adjectives and adverbs 98 99 100 101 Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored etc.) Adjectives: a nice new house, you look tired Adjectives and adverbs 1 (quick/quickly) Adjectives and adverbs 2 (well/fast/Late, hard/ hardly) 102 So and such 103 Enough and too 104 Quite, pretty, rather and fairly 105 106 107 108 Comparison 1 (cheaper, more expensive etc.) Comparison 2 (much better I any better I better and better I the sooner the better) Comparison 3 (as ... as I than) Superlatives (the Longest, the most enjoyable etc.) 109 Word order 1: verb+ object; place and time 110 Word order 2: adverbs with the verb 111 Still/ yet and already 112 Even Any more I any Longer I no Longer Conjunctions and prepositions 113 Although I though I even though In spite of I despite 114 115 11 6 117 118 11 9 120 In case Unless As Long as Provided/ providing As (As I wa lked along the street ... I As I was hungry ...) like and as Like I as if I as though For, during and while By and until By the time ... IF YOU ARE N OT SU RE WHI CH UNITS YO U NEED TO STUDY, USE TH E STUDY GUIDE O N PAGE 326. V
Prepositions 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 At/ on/ in (time) On time and in time At the end and in the end In/ at/on (position) 1 In/ at/ on (position) 2 In/ at/on (position) 3 To/ at/in/into In/ on/ at (other uses) By Noun+ preposition (reason for, cause of etc.) Adjective+ preposition 1 Adjective+ preposition 2 Verb+ preposition 1 to and at Verb+ preposition 2 about/ for/ of/ after Verb+ preposition 3 about and of Verb+ preposition 4 of/for/from / on Verb+ preposition 5 in/ into/ with /to/ on Phrasal verbs 13 7 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Phrasal verbs Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Regular and irregular verbs 292 Present and past tenses 294 The future 295 Modal verbs (can/could/will/would etc.) 296 Short form s (I'm I you've I didn't etc.) 297 Spelling 298 American English 300 Additional exercises Study guide General points in/ out out on/ off (1) on/ off (2) up/ down up (1) up (2) away/ back 302 326 Key to Exercises 336 Key to Add itiona l exercises Key to Study guide 372 Index vi 368 373 IF YOU ARE N OT SU RE WHI CH UNITS YOU N EED TO STUDY, USE TH E STUDY GUIDE ON PAGE 326.
This is the fourth edition of English Grammar in Use. I wrote the original edition when I was a teacher at the Swan School of English, Oxford . I would like to repeat my thanks to my colleagues and students at the school for their help, encouragement and interest at that time. Regard ing the production of this fourth edition, I am grateful to N6irfn Burke, Annabel Marriott, Matthew Duffy, Liz Driscoll, jane Walsh, jeanette Alfoldi and Kamae Design. I would like to thank Cambridge University Press for permission to access the Cambridge International Corpus. Thank you also to the following illustrators: Humberto Blanco, Paul Fellows, Sophie Joyce, Katie Mac, lan Mitchell, Gillian Martin, Sandy Nicholls, Roger Penw ill, Lisa Sm ith, Dave Whamond and Simon Williams. .. VII
This book is for students who want help with English grammar. lt is wri tten for you to use without a teacher. The book will be useful for you if you are not sure of the answers to questions like these: 0 0 0 0 U 0 What is the difference between I did and I have done? When do we use will for the future? What is the structur