In the late 1500s A.D. the Dutch enjoyed one of the highest standards of living among all the Europeans. They had grown wealthy through trade and commerce.
In the late 16th century, the Dutch had thrown off Spanish control in Europe and entered into a period of frantic economic expansion.
3. What did they expect to gain?
Although they gained fair amount of wealth and power, their homeland was small, and there was little room for farming or manufacturing. In order to maintain their wealth, the Dutch decided to look at colonizing new lands.
4. What were they looking for?
Slaves for trade
Better trade routes
Destruction of Portuguese trade monopoly in South East Asia
5. Who supported exploration?
The Dutch East India Company
The Dutch West India Company
Dutch King / Government
Henry Hudson (and his crew Half Moon)
6. Where and when did the explorers go?
Netherlands Antilles (1620)
Virgin Islands (1625)
7. How were voyages financed?
VOC (United East Indian Company)
GWC (Chartered West Indian company)
Amsterdam, the world financial center
Gained more wealth from the colonized countries for future exploration
8. What claims of territory were made? (The Dutch Empire, light green in the Dutch East India Company, and Dark Green is the Dutch West India Company.) 9. What did the Europeans think of the people they found?
The Dutch had their ideas about the Americans.
Admiration for the achievement in music, science, technology, and sports.
The Dutch looked down on the Africans.
Madeall African slaves and treated them harshly.
10. Fall of the GWC and VOC
Loss of territories
Morbidity and Mortality Rate
Political and Environmental Change
11. How did the Europeans benefit form the explorer journeys?
Removed power from rival states
Huge economic boost
Land for agriculture
Built better trade routes
Increased chance for imbalance of trade
Increased piracy possibility
"The History of New Netherland and the Half Moon." 4 Feb. 2009 .
Welling, George M. "The United States of America and the Netherlands."From Revolution to Reconstruction . 6 Mar. 2003. 4 Feb. 2009 .
"Dutch colonization of the Americas." 13 JAN 2009. Wikipedia. 28 Jan 2009 .
Karam, Andrew. "Dutch Exploration and Colonization." 28 JAN 2009. BookRags. 28 Jan 2009 .
"Dutch Exploration."The Past Belongs to Kids . KidsPast.com. 28 Jan 2009.
"Dutch Colonies."nps.gov . Kingston. 29 JAN 2009 .
"Dutch Empire." 13 JAN 2009. Wikipedia. 28 Jan 2009 .