OER in The Netherlands

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Robert Schuwer #OERBr09

Text of OER in The Netherlands

  • 1. OER in The Netherlands Robert Schuwer 29 October 2009, Sao Paolo

2. Context

  • 2006 start of OER in The Netherlands
  • 2007 Initiative TU Delft
  • 2008 expansion
  • 2009 realisation of national
  • initiative

3. Agenda

  • Institutional initiatives
    • OpenER @ OUNL and beyond
    • Spinoza @ OUNL
  • National initiative
    • Wikiwijs

4. Open Universiteit

  • one of 14 universities in NL
  • with a specificProfile :
  • Lifelong, Open, and Flexible (LOF) learning
  • one of 10 universities for LOF learning in Europe (e.g. UK OU, UOC, )
  • over 20.000 students
  • celebrating25th anniversarythis year

5. Open Universiteit (2)

  • Bachelor / Master / PhD programmes
  • (fully accredited) from seven Schools:
  • Cultural Sciences
  • Informatics / Computing
  • Law
  • Management Sciences
  • Natural Sciences
  • Psychology
  • Educational Sciences

6. Open Universiteit (3)

  • Expertise centres:
  • Learning Sciences and Technology ( CELSTEC , formerly OTEC)
  • Professional development of teachers ( Ruud de Moor Centre )
  • Education for Sustainable Development( RCE Rhine-Meuse )
  • Lifelong Learning (Netherlands Laboratory for Lifelong Learning -NELLL )

7. Institutional: OpenER@OUNL

  • Objectives:
    • lowering thresholds for access to formal HE
    • widening and increasing participation in HE

8. Means

    • large-scale offering of high-quality short open courses developed forself-study(1 EC each (about 25 hrs))
    • portal of temptation to HE
    • bridging informal learning and formal education by official examination options
    • (earning Bachelor credits)

9. Fundings

  • The Directorate Learning and Working, established by the Dutch Ministery of Education, Culture and Science and the Ministery of Social Affairs
  • The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  • To a total of approx. 660,000.

10. Measurements

  • Main question:
  • Did OpenER had any effect on participation in Higher Education?

Photo by Xurble @ Flickr.com 11. Some figures

  • Launch on December 5, 2006 generated a lot of publicity
  • Close to 1.000.000 visitors
  • 12% returning
  • 25 courses online (4 45 hours / course)
  • 5700 users registered voluntarily
  • Costs for creation 3000 - 30,000
  • Formally ended June 2008

12. Proof of the pudding

  • Question on electronic order form for regular OUNL courses:
  • Was taking afreeOpenER course a cause to order this course?
  • About 10% answeredyes.

Photo by kochtopf @ Flickr.com 13. Three key best practices

  • Rely on quality awareness of authors
    • Authors are already used to making self study material
  • Support of top management is crucial
  • Producing open courses should be a regular task at faculties
    • Higher delivery reliability
    • Not dependant on few enthusiastic people

14. Main question remaining

  • Sustainability: business model for offering free courses
    • Can it ever be without grants?
    • Someone has to pay for it

Photo by tj scenes @ Flickr.com 15. stOER (Dutch for tough)

  • Way forward with OpenER @ OUNL:
    • financial concerns about full OER strategy
    • sustainable (?!) three-shell model
      • Each course an OER?
    • now starting with piloting this model
  • In touch with the Ministry of Education:
    • fall-back guarantee scenario?

Photo @ http://www.sixthman.net/blog/2008/12/ 16. Extension: Spinoza series

    • eminent Dutch researchers (winners of a Spinoza Premium) bring their body of thought and views to a broad public
    • role model for all researchers in NL
    • international exposure of NL top research?

17. Means

  • develop and offer OpenER courses with all its qualities
    • self-study,
    • activating,
    • interactive,
    • different media,
    • etcetera
  • work with Spinoza Premium laureates

18. Spinoza Series, continued

  • Main outcomes:
    • launch Nov. 2008 at Spinoza Ceremony
    • collaboration OUNL - NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research)
    • Hall of Fame two courses so far:
  • -Frits van Oostrom: Mediaeval Literature
  • -Johan van Benthem: Logic in Action
  • (to be published also in English)
  • much interest among Spinoza laureates

19. National initiative: Wikiwijs

  • Cause
    • observed success of OER initiatives shown
    • an increasing set of a variety of OER initiatives in all educational sectors
    • recent policy ofschoolbooks for free
    • Sept. 2008: Advice of the Education Council to the Parliament:Make more use of OER f or innovation of education

20. National initiative: Wikiwijs

  • In Action as of Dec. 2008
    • Minister of Education
    • launchesWikiwijsas a national OER initiative:
    • -initial focus on primary, secondary and community college education
    • -but actually for all educational sectors
    • April 2009:broad support in Parliament
    • May 2009: OUNL & Kennisnet start preparing this programme
    • July 2009: delivery Programme Plan
    • 12th Aug. 2009:Ministers final OK ; submission to Parliament

21. Wikiwijs: policy objectives

  • stimulate development and use of OER
  • improve access to both open and closed digital learning materials
  • support teachers in arranging their own learning materials and professionalization
  • increase teacher involvement in development and use of OER
  • extend options for customized education
  • increase quality of education through more flexible and up-to-date learning materials

22. Wikiwijs will offer

  • aRepositoryof open educational resources
  • aReferatory to digital educational resources:
    • open and closed
    • free access and access to be paid for
    • public and commercial
  • easy to use arrangement and developmenttoolsfor teachers / professors
  • end-usersupportfor teachers / professors when creating and using learning materials

23. Wikiwijs: whats in a name

  • Wikiwijs is referring to the philosophy of Wikipedia (using the wisdom of the crowds)
  • Wikiwijs is not referring to the functionality or user interface of Wikipedia

Photo by throwthedamnthing @ Flickr.com 24. Wikiwijs: planning

  • Dec. 2009: launch ofbeta versionwith:
    • three focus subjects
    • secondary, primary, community college sector
  • as of Sept. 2010: start ofroll outto:
    • other subjects and domains
    • other educational sectors
  • Jan. 2011: delivery ofImplementation Plan
  • for the years ahead

Photo@geekandpoke.typepad.com/geekandpoke/2008/07/ 25. Wikiwijs: basic principles

  • maximum(free!) useofexisting componentsof OUNL, Kennisnet and other publicly funded educational organizations
  • open standards andopen sourcemandatory
  • all OER learning materials and materials for professionalization to be publishedunder CC-BY
  • professionalization of both
  • teachers and management!

26. Wikiwijs: on quality

  • BeyondWisdom of the crowds:
  • peer review
  • (uploading only