Õpikeskkondade disain

  • View
    1.568

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of Õpikeskkondade disain

  • pikeskkondade disain

    IFI7052.DT pikeskkonnad ja pivrgustikud

  • elad probleemid (wicked problems)

  • Disain kui protsess

  • (Leinonen, Toikkanen, & Silfvast, 2008)

  • Disain kui kommunikatsioon

  • Disainimeetodid

  • Persoonad (personas)

  • Age: 26

    Education: Master student

    Occupation: librarian

    MariaMaria has studied information science and now she is doing her Masters studies in interactive media. At the same time she has a full time job as a school librarian. Therefore she is interested in combining school assignments with her work as much as possible. At the same time she is a self-directed learner who likes to go in depth in topics that are interesting for her.

    Goals:

    Personalization: It is hard to have a full time job and be a master student at the same time. If possible, then I try to choose assignments that can be connected with my work.

    Scaffolding: I feel that often it is difficult to specify all the resources and actions that I have to make in order to achieve my learning objectives. Good examples from other learners help me to refine my contract.

    Awareness: It was good that we had to review our learning contracts. This way I was constantly aware of my objectives and thinking about the strategy to achieve my goals.

    Photo by Alessandro Valli,taken from http://www.flickr.com/photos/liquene/4435467897/

    (LeContract blog, 2010)

  • Age: 58

    Education: PhD

    Occupation: professor

    JakobJakob is a professor of industrial design. He has been working in the university for almost 30 years. As a designer and researcher he has participated in many R&D projects but his real love is teaching.

    In last few years Jakob has decided to spend less time on projects and travelling. This means that he has more time for preparing his courses and trying out different things. He has experimented with blogs and social software. In his last course he decided to try personal learning contracts. It took quite a lot of time but he hopes that learning contracts will help him to give a more personal learning experience for his students.

    Goals:

    Adjusting the course: I would like to know what the students expect to learn in my course. Then I can adjust the course assignments according to their needs.

    Personalized support: I want to give more personalized guidance and support for my students.

    Fair grading: I dont like grading but in some courses I am required to do it. I have found that learning contracts help me on fair grading. I rely on learning contracts when I negotiate grades with my students.

    Photo by Jesse Courtemanche,taken from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jesse757/4170721132/

    (LeContract blog, 2010)

  • EduFeedr personas

    Primary persona

    Examples

    Teemu

    Hans

    Mart

    Secondary persona

    ExamplesTerje

    Kairit

    Supplemental personas

    Goals

    To get a quick overview of latest posts in the course

    Description

    34 years old lecturer, long time doctoral student, has background in education but is quite technically savvy, early adopter of new technologies, has long experience in

    online learning, wants to try out something different in each course, is participating in several projects and

    travelling quite often, has a constant lack of time, often reads the blog posts from his iphone but is planning to write comments later, sometimes leaves the laptop at work

    and writes comments from his iPad. Understands that the technology may have certain limitations when it is still

    under development.

    To give better feedback for the students

    To have multiple ways for browsing the course

    Teacher

    ExamplesVarje

    Heikki

    Student

    Examples

    Maris

    Elyna

    Goals

    To create a functional learning community

    To give support and feedback for all students

    To use course data for research purposes

    Description

    28 years old PhD student, teaching her second online course, average computer user, experienced in using web 2.0 tools, very systematic, wants to use course data for research purposes. Wants to have a reliable system. Is using desktop RSS

    reader in addition to EduFeedr.

    Goals

    Description

    Goals

    Not to spend to much time on managing the course

    To make students to submit their assignments on time

    To be sure that the system is reliable

    Description

    Teacher in a vocational school, has some experience both in using Moodle and in using social software. Wants to have his first blog-based course. Is not using RSS

    reader.

    To find inspiration from other student blogs

    To explore other open courses

    Customer personaEducational technologist

    Examples

    Krista

    Marge

    Marko

    Negative persona

    ExamplesAnne

    Goals

    To have one learning platform that satisfies all her needs

    To customize the learning platform according to her taste and needs

    Goals

    Description

    To get teachers using the system

    To be sure that the system is reliable

    Not to spend too much time on supporting the users

    ...

    ...

    Description...

    Ilya

    To get statistics about the use in their institution

  • EduFeedr personas

    Primary persona

    Examples

    Teemu

    Hans

    Mart

    Secondary persona

    ExamplesTerje

    Kairit

    Supplemental personas

    Goals

    To get a quick overview of latest posts in the course

    Description

    34 years old lecturer, long time doctoral student, has background in education but is quite technically savvy, early adopter of new technologies, has long experience in

    online learning, wants to try out something different in each course, is participating in several projects and

    travelling quite often, has a constant lack of time, often reads the blog posts from his iphone but is planning to write comments later, sometimes leaves the laptop at work

    and writes comments from his iPad. Understands that the technology may have certain limitations when it is still

    under development.

    To give better feedback for the students

    To have multiple ways for browsing the course

    Teacher

    ExamplesVarje

    Heikki

    Student

    Examples

    Maris

    Elyna

    Goals

    To create a functional learning community

    To give support and feedback for all students

    To use course data for research purposes

    Description

    28 years old PhD student, teaching her second online course, average computer user, experienced in using web 2.0 tools, very systematic, wants to use course data for research purposes. Wants to have a reliable system. Is using desktop RSS

    reader in addition to EduFeedr.

    Goals

    Description

    Goals

    Not to spend to much time on managing the course

    To make students to submit their assignments on time

    To be sure that the system is reliable

    Description

    Teacher in a vocational school, has some experience both in using Moodle and in using social software. Wants to have his first blog-based course. Is not using RSS

    reader.

    To find inspiration from other student blogs

    To explore other open courses

    Customer personaEducational technologist

    Examples

    Krista

    Marge

    Marko

    Negative persona

    ExamplesAnne

    Goals

    To have one learning platform that satisfies all her needs

    To customize the learning platform according to her taste and needs

    Goals

    Description

    To get teachers using the system

    To be sure that the system is reliable

    Not to spend too much time on supporting the users

    ...

    ...

    Description...

    Ilya

    To get statistics about the use in their institution

  • Stsenaariumide-phine disain

    (scenario-based design)

  • Stsenaarium 1: petajakoolituse lipilane testib oma pdevusi

    Mari pib likoolis phikooli loodusteaduslike ainete petajaks. Ta on kuulnud, et bioloogia jaoks on loodud mitu erinevat pitarkvara ning loodusainete petajad on suhteliselt aktiivsed arvutikasutajad. Nd haridustehnoloogia kursuse kigus on ta mitmega neist lhemalt kokku puudunud ning omab paremat ettekujutust sellest, kuidas IKT vahendeid ppets rakendada. hes praktikumis tutvustab ppejud haridustehnoloogiliste pdevuste hindamise keskkonda DigiMina ning jtab koduseks lesandeks oma pdevuste hindamise.

    Mari lheb DigiMina lehele ning tutvub seal vljas oleva petajate haridustehnoloogilise pdevusmudeliga. Lisaks pdevusmudelile on seal mned nidislesanded, mida pdevuste hindamisel kasutatakse. Mari saab aru, et oma pdevuste hindamiseks tuleb registreeruda DigiMina kasutajaks.

    Prast sisselogimist suunatakse teda pdevuste hindamise juurde. Iga alampdevuse hindamiseks on eraldi lesanne. Mnede lesannete juures tuleb valida iged vastusevariandid, teiste juures hendada sobivad paarid jne. Paljud lesanded on illustreeritud piltide vi videotega. lesannete lahendamine vtab parasjagu aega, kuid nneks on lehel nha, mitu lesannet veel jnud on. Samuti on vimalik salvestada hetkeseisu ja hiljem vastamist jtkata.

  • Kui Mari vastamise lpetab, siis kuvatakse talle pdevusprofiili leht, kus on levaatlikul diagrammil nha tema tase erinevate pdevuste kaupa. Ssteem ksib Mari kest, kas ta soovib teha oma pdevusprofiili avalikuks. Mari arvab, et praegu pole tal seda vaja, kuid tulevikus petajana ttades vib ta omale avaliku pdevusprofiili luua.

    Lisaks kokkuvttele kuvatakse talle ka soovitusi haridustehnoloogiaalaste kursuste kohta. Mari neb, et digitaalsete ppematerjalide koostamise kohta on nende likoolis e