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1 BEING CREATIVE with CLASSROOM COMPOSING Spring 2011

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BEING CREATIVE with

CLASSROOM COMPOSING

Spring 2011

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PLAN for this SESSION

Introduction Warm-ups Musical Concepts and Musical Development Classroom Composing Composing Activity for Junior Cycle students Minimalism Skills Set (including Rhythm Task) Composing Activity for Senior Cycle students Learning Outcomes and Transferability

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MUSICAL CONCEPTS

We can compose music in a worthwhile and original way

… when we use these musicalconcepts and our imagination. TIMBRE

STRUCTURE

BEAT

DYNAMICS

PITCH

TEXTURERHYTHM TEMPO

STYLE

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4(Swanwick & Tillman, 1986)

MUSICAL DEVELOPMENT

15+ Value 10-15 Form 4-9 Expression 0-4 Materials

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CLASSROOM COMPOSING

Composing and ‘classroom composing’ Learning Tools Body percussion Graphical scores

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SCORE READING and WRITING

(for ensemble)

UNLIMITED

“Play a sound with the certainty that you have an infinite amount of time and space.”

(Stockhausen, 1968)

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BODY PERCUSSION: VIDEO

(Perpetuum Jazzile: Toto in Africa – YouTube)

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VOCAL SOUNDS: TRAIN (1)

(‘Voiceworks’ - Peter Hunt)

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VOCAL SOUNDS: TRAIN (2)

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SOUND and STRUCTURE

Stimuli for classroom composing include

Story Mood Form Motif Timbres Still Images or Video Sounds (e.g. scale, note row, chords) Ostinato

DissonanceSequenceRetrograde

CanonDroneSilencesClimax

Unity

Contrast

Variation

Dialogue

COMPOSING TOOLS

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PENTATONIC SCALE: VIDEO

(Bobby McFerrin – www.WorldScienceFestival.com – YouTube)

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PENTATONIC FIGURE

‘black notes’

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PENTATONIC FIGURE with HARMONY

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COMPOSING ACTIVITY at JUNIOR CYCLE

Rhythms Timbres Tempo Dynamics Texture Structure Pentatonic Scale Graphic Score

Train journey in China

(The score is on the CD)

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Invent notation for complex rhythms and unusual timbral effects. Use a KEY to explain the symbols.

Listen to Little Train of the Caipira by Villa-Lobos

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

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TOOLS for JUNIOR COMPOSING

Haunted House Shipwreck Foxhunt Balloon trip Noah and the Ark Night and Day The Storm ABA

1. Use unifying devices such as a rhythmic ostinato, a drone or a recurring melodic motif.

2. Include silence and a climax.

3. Make a slide show or silent video and compose an accompanying sound score, using musical connections.

4. A wooden agogo can depict time.

5. Lower notes and chords on the piano can create a mood of foreboding.

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MINIMALIST MUSIC: VIDEO

(Steve Reich: Music for 18 Musicians - YouTube)

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Augmentation Diminution Addition Subtraction Ostinato Gradual transformation Rhythmic displacement

MINIMALIST SKILL SET barscarscartmartmaltmallballbellbeltbentlentlintlinelonetonetune

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RHYTHMIC DISPLACEMENT TASK

continued…

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RHYTHMIC DISPLACEMENT (contd.)

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COMPOSING ACTIVITY at SENIOR CYCLE

Rondo form: ABACADA…

A: Spaceship

B: The Planet of MirrorsC: The Planet of WarD: The Planet of Gradual ChangeE: The Planet of WaterF: The Planet of DoomG: The Planet of VoicesH: The Planet of Extremes

Journey in Space

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CREATING MOODS: AUDIO EXAMPLES

Debussy – Voiles (Whole-tone scale)

Elfman – Batman Returns (Pedal/Dynamics/Texture /Pace /Timbres)

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TOOLS for SENIOR COMPOSING

Retrograde Whole-tone scale e.g. C D E F# G# A# B# Ascending and Descending Glissandi Rhythmic, Melodic and Harmonic Ostinati Parallel diminished 7th chords Antiphonal Rhythmic Dialogue Tinkly and Military Timbres Moods (e.g. Suspense, Gloom) Improvisation (over a set of chords) Note rows

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Listen to Holst’s Planets

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

Use Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition

as a stimulus

Adapt the Rondo idea todifferent scenarios

(More images on CD)

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LEARNING OUTCOMES & TRANSFERABILITY

Listening, Performing and Composing Music as organised sound Musical concepts Links to set works and general listening Contemporary composers Group work and decision-making Inclusion, integration, differentiation Score reading and writing The Composing Elective at LC NB! MUSICAL LEARNING

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HAPPY CLASSROOM COMPOSING!

Explore the resources on the accompanying CD