Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

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Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

Text of Peta Minda Sains Tahun 4,5,6

  • 1. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4

2. 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas.Give energy / Beri tenagaGrow / MembesarTo breatheStay healthy / SihatUntuk bernafasFood / AirMakanan Udara Basic Needs of HumanKeperluan Asas ManusiaWaterShelterAir Tempat perlindunganDrinks / Minuman To protect fromGrow / MembesarUntuk melindungi daripadaStay healthy / Sihat - dangerbahaya - extreme weathercuaca melampau - sun & rain /matahari dan hujan 3. 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas.Give energy / Beri tenaga To breathe /Grow / Bertumbuh @ MembesarUntuk bernafasStay healthy / Sihat Food AirMakananUdara Types / Jenis :Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah WaterShelter / Tempat Air PerlindunganDrinks / MinumanGrow / Bertumbuh @ MembesarTo protect from Untuk melindungi daripadaStay healthy / Sihat - dangerBahaya - extreme weathercuaca melampau - Sun & rainMatahari dan hujan 4. 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas.Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas AirWaterSunlightUdara Air Cahaya matahari With water / Ada air :Without water / Tanpa air: - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat- wilted / layu - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik- turn yellow / menjadi kuning - not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati 5. 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans. Menganalisa proses hidup manusia. Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe LungsInhale take in air Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paruTarik nafas ambil udara Organs OrganExhale give out airHembus nafas - keluarkan udara Purpose / Tujuan :Breathing Rate of breath PernafasanKadar pernafasan- avoid dangerelak bahaya- avoid getting hurt Number of chest movements in aelak dapat lukaperiod of time- avoid getting injuredBilangan pergerakan dada dalamelak dapat cederasesuatu masa- to surviveuntuk terus hidup Respond To Stimuli Life Processes of ReproduceHumans Membiak Bergerak balas TerhadapProses Hidup Dilalui Manusia RansanganA process to produce Organs their young or offspringOrgan Proses untuk menghasilkananak Eyes SightExcrete Mata - MelihatBerkumuh Nose Smell Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate Tongue Taste Bernyahtinja Lidah - Merasa Ears SoundLungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Telinga - Mendengar Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Faeces bunyiNajis Skin Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral ) 6. 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes. Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup. Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidupSmoking / Merokok Effects / KesanDrinking Alcohol / MinumTaking Drug Alkohol Mengambil Dadah - Lung cancerKanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuliLambatkan tindak balas terhadap ransanganHow to avoid Bagaimana untuk hindari - Lose ability to walk in a straight lineHilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurusOccupy time with beneficialactivities - Can cause accidentsMemenuhi masa dengan aktivitiMenyebabkan kemalanganberfaedahParticipate in campaignsAmbil bahagian dalam kempenAdvise from their peersNasihat daripada rakan sebaya 7. 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals.Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan.Animals Life ProcessesProses Hidup HaiwanExcreteBreatheReproduce /BerkumuhBernafas Membiak Defecate / Bernyahtinja Lay Eggs /Give Birth Bertelur Lahirkan anakOrgansOrgan cat butterfly kucing rama-rama To get rid of waste product from their bodiestiger harimauUntuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari birdbadanburung bat kelawar whale paus Lungs GillBook Lungs Moist skin Trachea Structure Paru-paruInsang Kulit lembap Sistem Trakea- monkey- fish - frog - insects monyet - crab katak ikanseranggaketam- bird- prawn- earthworm burung udang cacing tanah- whalepaus 8. 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants.Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan.Various ways plants Plants respond to stimuli. the part of plant thatreproduce throughseeds,water, sunlight, touch, gravity. responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindakspores, suckers, stem Tumbuhan bergerak balasbalas terhadap ransangancutting, leaves,terhadap ransangan air,cahayamatahari,sentuhan,gravitiunderground stem.Berbagai cara tumbuhan membiakmelalui.bji benih, spora, anak rootspokok,keratan batang, daun,batang bawah tanah akar the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindakLife balas terhadap graviti processes plantsroots undergoakar Plants reproduce. Proses hidup tumbuhan membiak tumbuhan Seeds balsam, corn, durianthe part of plant that responds Biji benih- keembung,jagung,durianto sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Spores fern, mushroom terhadap cahaya matahari Spora - paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers banana,shootpineapplepucuk Anak pokok- pisang,nenas Stem cutting hibiscus, rose,PermulAkhir tapioca aaanekspe Keratan batang- bunga raya ,eksperi rimen ubi kayu Leaves bryophyllum, begonia men Daun - setawar,begonia Stem - potato, onion, ginger Batang - kentang,bawang,halia the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Why plants need to reproducebalas terhadap sentuhan to ensure the survival of the species.? Mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak? untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya? 9. 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protectthemselves from danger.Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya. Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khasSpecial Special behaviour characteristics Tingkah-laku khas Ciri-ciri khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat )Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucingBerpura-pura mati ( kumbang )Thick and hard skinCamouflage ( cameleon ) ( rhinoceros )Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu )Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitamHard shell ( tortoise, snails )( sotong ) Cangkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput )Hard scales ( pangolin, Poisonous sting or fang crocodiles )( centipede, snake )Sengat atau taring berbisaSisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya )( kala jengking, ular ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak )Horns ( buffalo, seladang )Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) 10. Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khasHot weatherCold weather Cuaca panas Cuaca sejukWrinkled Skin Thick Fur(Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears)and buffaloes) Kulit berkedutBerbulu tebal (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) (Beruang kutub)Wallowing Fat Layers Under Their Skins(Elephant, hippopotamuses(Penguins, seals, and whales)and buffaloes) Berkubang Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus)HumpsSmall Ears(Elephant, hippopotamuses (Seals and Walruses)and buffaloes) Telinga kecil Berkubang (Anjing laut, singa laut) (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau)Hibernate(Polar bears)Berhibenasi(Beruang kutub) 11. 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselvesfrom enemies.Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh.The specific characteristicsSifat-sifat khasProduces latex Have thornsKeluarkan getah BerduriPoisonous BeracunHave fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touchDaun tertutup bila disentuh 12. 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselvesfrom dry region and strong wind. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat.Specific characteristics of plants toprotect themselvesSifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri dry regionstrong wind kawasan keringangin kuatEg : cactus Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, kaktus.pokok kelapa, pokok buluh Long roots to absorb waterAkar panjang untuk serap air Succulent stems can storea.Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkokwaterb.Have buttress rootsBatang boleh menyimpan air Akar banir Thorns can can prevent the c.Have separated leavesexcessive loss of waterDaun berbilah-bilahDuri boleh mencegah kehilangan d.Needle- shaped leavesbanyak air Daun berbentuk jarum 13. The Basic Needs of Human and AnimalsKeperluan Asas Manusia dan HaiwanOne evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, it started to rainheavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to its shelter, a hole near a wooden house. Cik Tiwas tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in thehole. Oh no I will die without food. said Cik Ti frustrated. Cik Ti moved into the kitchen . Arghh I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. Wow, cheese. Emmm. Delicious. After shehad her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water.Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He tightenthe bag tightly. Help! Help! I cant breath where is the air. Shouted Cik Ti .. Her voiceslowed down . Finally Cik Ti died without air.. Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tibahujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas untuk kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuahlubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanantetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan. rungut Cik Ti . Cik Titerus ke dapur rumah itu. Arghh.. laparnya. Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, wow, keju.. emmmsedapnya. Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. CikTi minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersediauntuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mama