Peta minda sains

  • View
    1.643

  • Download
    8

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

peta minda sains

Text of Peta minda sains

  • 1. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps ScienceZazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps ScienceSK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau PinangMind Maps ScienceScience-018 UPSR 2010Name Class TeacherMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4: : : En. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -1--2-

2. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps ScienceZazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / MembesarTo breathe / BernafasStay healthy / Sihat Air / UdaraFood / Makanan1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Give energy / Beri tenagaTo breathe / BernafasGrow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Air / UdaraFood / MakananBasic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas ManusiaBasic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas HaiwanWater / Air Water / AirShelter / Tempat perlindunganShelter / Tempat PerlindunganDrinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ MembesarDrinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / SihatTypes / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarangTo protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau -sun & rain / matahari dan hujanSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarStay healthy / SihatTo protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujanSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -3--4- 3. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps ScienceZazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asasNose/Mouth Hidung/MulutWater / AirWith water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layuLungs Paru-paruOrgans OrganPlants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan AsasAir / UdaraWind-pipe TrakeaSunlight / Cahaya matahariWithout water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / matiExhale give out air Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Breathing PernafasanPurpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidupRespond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap RansanganInhale take in air Tarik nafas ambil udaraRate of breath Kadar pernafasan Number of chest movement in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masaLife Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui ManusiaOrgans Organ Eyes Sight Mata - Melihat Nose Smell Hidung - Menghidu Tongue Taste Lidah - Merasa Ears Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin Touch Kulit - SentuhanSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarExcrete BerkumuhReproduce MembiakA process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anakKidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral )Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air )Defecate Bernyahtinja Faeces NajisSkin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -5--6- 4. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidupZazolnizam Bin Zakaria2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals Analisa proses hidup haiwanBehaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidupAnimals Life Processes/Proses Hidup HaiwanSmoking / MerokokEffects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing BatukMind Maps ScienceExcrete / Perkumuhan Drinking Alcohol / Minum AlkoholHow to avoid / Bagaimana untuk hindari Occupied time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedahTaking Drug / Mengambil DadahBreathing / BernafasDefecate / Bernyahtinja Organs / OrganEffects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan ransangan terhadap ransangan - Lose ability to walk in straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalanganReproduce / MembiakLay Eggs / BertelurGive Birth / Lahirkan anakbutterfly rama-ramaTo get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badanbird burungcat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale pausParticipate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebayaLungs/ Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale pausSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarGills/Insang Lungsbook - fish - crab ikan ketam - prawn udangMoist skin/Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanahTrachea Structre/Sistem Trakea - insects seranggaSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -7--8- 5. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhanvarious ways plants reproduce through seeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanahplants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,gravitiplants reproduce. tumbuhan membiakthe part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransanganMind Maps Science3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahayaSpecific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khasLife processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhanSeeds balsam, corn, durian Biji benih-keembung, jagung,durianthe part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti roots akarthe part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahariPermul why plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnyaZazolnizam Bin ZakariaAkhirSpecial characteristics Ciri-ciri khasSpecial behaviour Tingkah-laku khasSharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing )Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang )Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu )Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah )Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya )the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhanSpray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular )Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang )SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -9-- 10 - 6. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampauZazolnizam Bin Zakaria3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khasSpecific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khasHot weather Cuaca panasThick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub)Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau)Fat Layers Under The Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus)Humps (Camel) Bonggol (Unta)Have thorns BerduriProduces latex Keluarkan getahCold weather Cuaca sejukWrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau)Mind Maps ScienceSmall Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut)Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuhHibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul SinarSK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 11 -- 12 - 7. Zazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps Science3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f rom dry region and strong wind Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuatZazolnizam Bin ZakariaMind Maps ScienceThe Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan HaiwanSpecific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diristrong wind angin kuatdry region kawasan keringEg : cactus kaktus Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air Succulent stem can store water Batang menyimpan air Thorn can can prevent the excessive loss of water Duri yang mencegah kehilangan banyak air. Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, pokok kelapa, pokok buluha. b. c. d.Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok Have buttress roots Akar banir Have separated leaves Daun berbilah-bilah Needle- shaped leaves Daun berbentuk jarumOne evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, the day started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to the shelter, a hole near a woody house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in the hole. Oh no I will die withou