Plagiarism and citation Spring 2012 APA

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  • 1. COSC 111 : Plagiarism andProper CitationLaksamee Putnam Research & InstructionLibrarian

2. First Laksamee Putnam lputnam@towson.edu Cook Library Reference: 410.704.2462. IM/email Phone: 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Albert S. Cook facebook profile 3. On the side 4. Agenda Define plagiarism Real world examples and discussion Towson Policy Academic Integrity APA citation style 5. How do you defineplagiarism? http://icanhascheezburger.com/2007/09/12/copy-cat/ 6. How do you defineplagiarism? 7. How do you defineplagiarism? Using someones ideas or expression of those ideas (words, pictures, music, etc) Without giving proper credit 8. An interesting side story A quote attributed to Martin LutherKing Jr. went viral after the death ofOsama bin Laden But part of it was never said or writtenby him http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/05/anatomy-of-a-fake-quotation/238257/ Whats the big deal? 9. Its out there, why not reusewww.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885it? Gabriel, Trip. Plagiarism Lines Blur for Students in theImage by Duane Hoffmann Digital Age. nytimes.com. The New York Times, 1 Aug 2010. Web. 14 Feb. 2012. If you are not so worried about presenting yourself as absolutely unique,then its O.K.if you say other peoples words, its O.K. if you say things you dontbelieve,its O.K. if you write papers you couldnt care less about because theyaccomplish the task, which is turning something in and getting a grade and its O.K. if you put words out there without getting any credit.~Susan D. Blum anthropologist at The University of Notre Dame,author of My Word!: Plagiarism and College Culture on student attitudestoward plagiarism 10. Its out there, why not reuseit?Discussion on the article: Your thoughts on plagiarism Why dont some people seem to think its badto copy? Why do people who know its wrong still do it? Does downloading music count? Is their plagiarism in business? 11. Why does it matter? Discussion on the article Why is it important to attribute information to asource? Why is anecdotal information so compelling? What does this have to do with you? In real life?In school? 12. Common KnowledgeQuandary Ive heard that common knowledgedoesnt have to be cited. What iscommon knowledge? Some examples: Waste not, want not. George Washington was the first president ofthe US College students like pizza When in doubt, cite it. 13. The point is No matter where you are, you willconstantly need to assess theinformation around you In order to be an informed consumer youshould know how to evaluate theinformation you acquire In order to support your own argumentsyou should know how to research yourquestion and cite your sources 14. A more serious example The German Defense Ministerresigned and his PhD was taken awaybecause it was found that his thesiswas plagiarized http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12608083 15. What is the policy at Towson? Policy for Academic Integrity: http://www.towson.edu/studentaffairs/policies/academicintegrity.asp Two Strike System 100 reported cases a year One suspension a year 16. Why is it important to cite yoursources? 17. Why is it important to cite yoursources? Allows your readers to verify and identifyyour information Support your argument Gives credit to the owners of the ideas Not plagiarizing Get credit for your ideas! Required for your assignment! 18. What needs to be cited? 19. What needs to be cited? BooksExamples: images from Web, Web Pages statistical tables Magazine articles Graphics VHS,DVD, audio, etc. Government reports Statistics Encyclopedia articles Any source of information! 20. Example A Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Googles approach may win outheavyweights to knock out the over the long term. In the earlyother. Yet if history is any guide, 1980s Apple lost its lead in theGoogles approach may win out PC market as Microsoft enlistedover the long term. Recall that inthe aid of hordes of softwarethe early 1980s Apple lost itsdevelopers and dozens of PClead in the PC market whenmanufacturers.Microsoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 21. Example A Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Googles approach may win outheavyweights to knock out the over the long term. In the earlyother. Yet if history is any guide, 1980s Apple lost its lead in theGoogles approach may win out PC market as Microsoft enlistedover the long term. Recall that inthe aid of hordes of softwarethe early 1980s Apple lost itsdevelopers and dozens of PClead in the PC market whenmanufacturers.Microsoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 22. Example B Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech History tells us that Googlesheavyweights to knock out the approach may be successful overother. Yet if history is any guide, the long term. In the early 1980sGoogles approach may win out Apple lagged in the PC market asover the long term. Recall that inMicrosoft collaborated withthe early 1980s Apple lost itssoftware developers and dozenslead in the PC market whenof PC manufacturers. Now, ifMicrosoft enlisted the aid of Google would only summon ahordes of software developers united front, Apple could againand dozens of PC manufacturers. be swamped by the collectiveNow, if Google can marshal such innovations (Burrows, 2009).a united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 23. Example B Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech History tells us that Googlesheavyweights to knock out the approach may be successful overother. Yet if history is any guide, the long term. In the early 1980sGoogles approach may win out Apple lagged in the PC market asover the long term. Recall that inMicrosoft collaborated withthe early 1980s Apple lost itssoftware developers and dozenslead in the PC market whenof PC manufacturers. Now, ifMicrosoft enlisted the aid of Google would only summon ahordes of software developers united front, Apple could againand dozens of PC manufacturers. be swamped by the collectiveNow, if Google can marshal such innovations (Burrows, 2009).a united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 24. Example C Student: Original: Google stands a chance of beating Dont look for one of these techApple if it can benefit from theheavyweights to knock out thepooled ideas of software developersother. Yet if history is any guide,and device manufacturers, followingGoogles approach may win outthe strategy that Microsoft employedover the long term. Recall that into Apples detriment in the earlythe early 1980s Apple lost its80s.lead in the PC market whenMicrosoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 25. Example C Student: Original: Google stands a chance of beating Dont look for one of these techApple if it can benefit from theheavyweights to knock out thepooled ideas of software developersother. Yet if history is any guide,and device manufacturers, followingGoogles approach may win outthe strategy that Microsoft employedover the long term. Recall that into Apples detriment in the earlythe early 1980s Apple lost its80s.lead in the PC market whenMicrosoft enlisted the aid ofhordes of software developersand dozens of PC manufacturers.Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 26. Example D Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Burrows suggests that in theheavyweights to knock out the battle of the techother. Yet if history is any guide, heavyweights Google mightGoogles approach may win out eventually prevail over Apple if itover the long term. Recall that infollows the strategy thatthe early 1980s Apple lost itsMicrosoft employed to Appleslead in the PC market whendetriment during the early 80s:Microsoft enlisted the aid of collaborating, and innovating,hordes of software developers with software developers andand dozens of PC manufacturers. manufacturers (2009, p. 25).Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 27. Example D Original: Student: Dont look for one of these tech Burrows suggests that in theheavyweights to knock out the battle of the techother. Yet if history is any guide, heavyweights Google mightGoogles approach may win out eventually prevail over Apple if itover the long term. Recall that infollows the strategy thatthe early 1980s Apple lost itsMicrosoft employed to Appleslead in the PC market whendetriment during the early 80s:Microsoft enlisted the aid of collaborating, and innovating,hordes of software developers with software developers andand dozens of PC manufacturers. manufacturers (2009, p. 25).Now, if Google can marshal sucha united front, Apple could againbe swamped by the collectiveinnovations. 28. Tips to avoid plagiarism Documentation- keep track ofmaterials used for yourworking bibliography Quote carefully colorcode or use quoteswhen taking notes.Beware cutting &pasting. Note key ideas thenShut the book Try to boil down theinfosummarize Proofread! 29. Style Manuals Different disciplines usedifferent style manuals Social Sciences = AmericanPsychological Association(APA) Humanities = MLA Handbookfor Writers of ResearchPapers (MLA) 30. Library Resources for APA 31. Citing correctly in APA ExactQuoteEvery in-text 1. xcitation shouldhave a matchin the2. In-text citationbibliography(Smith, 2004, p. 35) 3. An entry in the References list (thebibliography) at the end of the paper 32. Citing correctly in APA - Paraphrase 1. Legitimate paraphrase2. In-text citation(Smith, 2004)3. An entry in the References list at theend of the paperAgain, every in-text citation should have a match inthe bibliography! 33. In-text Citation for an Article (HTML)from a Database (Business Source Complete) In-text: Mobile devices increase access to sensitivecorporate data (Swartz, 2006, p. 25). In-text with signal phrase: Swartz points out that mobile devices increaseaccess to sensitive corporate data (2006, p.25). 34. References Entry for an Article (HTML) from a Database (Business Source Premier)Swartz, N. (2006). Safeguarding corporate secrets. Information Management Journal, 40 (5), 24-30. Retrieved from http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journa ldescription.cws_home/505553/descripti on#description 35. Some for fun citations Here is an interesting fact (Wolfensohn,2011, p. 25) You may be surprised to learn this startlingstatistic (Association of Associations, 2009) Here is the way that researcher BeverlySantana frames the issue (2011, p. 110) 36. ReferencesAssociation of Associations. (2009, December). Surprising Statistics: A Study. Retrieved from: http://www.theassociation.org/statsSantana, B. (2011). Why is research so challenging? Journal of Puzzling Questions 22(4), 110-145. doi: 01.2345/jourquest.2011.22.4Wolfensohn, H.D. (2011). You will enjoy this book. Towson, MD: Towson Press. 37. Sample Paper in APA style Would you like to see how a samplepaper in APA Style looks, headings, in-text citations, Works Cited list and all? If you need more than the resourceguides on the library website Diane Hacker OWL 38. Questions? Feel free to contact me: Laksamee Putnam lputnam@towson.edu 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Or any reference librarian: Visit Cook Library Reference Desk 410.704.2462. IM tucookchat

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