Present perfect tense

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  • 1. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comPRESENT PERFECT TENSE BY MANISHA VAGHLA1

2. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comCONTENTIntroductionMeaningDefinitionA present perfect in positive formA present perfect in Negative formPresent perfect on the verb go Interrogative Sentences2 3. BY: manisha vaghela CONTINUE Use of FOR and SINCE Structure of Active - Passive Voice Examples of Active Passive voice Past participle of the verbs Examples Bibliography 3 4. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comINTRODUCTION The present perfect tense is a ratherimportant tense in English, but it givesspeakers of some languages a difficulttime. That is because it uses concepts orideas that do not exist in those languages.In fact, the structure of the presentperfect tense is very simple. The problemscome with the use of the tense. Inaddition, there are some differences inusage between British and AmericanEnglish.4 5. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comWHAT IS THE PRESENT PERFECT ? We use the present perfect to describean action that happened just before now. You can not use the present perfect tosay things like: Yesterday, One yearago, When I lived in Japan, thatday, One day, etc.5 6. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comDEFINITIONAn aspect of the verb expressing an actionthat began in the past and which has beencompleted or continues into the present. Thepresent perfect is formed by combining hasor have with a past participle. 6 7. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comTHE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE INPOSITIVE FORMI/YOU/WE/THEYHave SpokenHE/SHE/IT Has spoken7 8. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comTHE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE IN NEGATIVEFORMI/YOU/WE/THEYHavent spokenHE/SHE/IT Hasnt spoken8 9. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comPRESENT PERFECT OF THE VERB GO.POSITIVENEGATIVEI have gone.I havent gone.You have gone.You havent goneWe have gone. We havent goneHe/She/It has gone. He/She/It hasnt gone.They have gone. They havent gone.9 10. INTERROGATIVEBY: manisha vaghela Have I eaten? Have you eaten? 10 11. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comHas he eaten?Has she eaten? 11 12. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comHas it eaten?Have we eaten? 12 13. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comHave they eaten? 13 14. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comWHEN DO WE USE FOR AND SINCE? We use FOR with a period of time,For example:- For a few days, For half an hour. For two years. For a year. For three hours. 14 15. BY: manisha vaghela We use SINCE with the time whenthe action standard,For example:- Since last year Since June 8th Since I met you Since last Week15 16. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comSTRUCTURE OF ACTIVE PASSIVE VOICEActive Voice:-SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT.Passive voice:-OBJECT + HAD BEEN +PAST PARTICIPLE + BY + SUBJECT.16 17. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comEXAMPLES OF ACTIVE VOICE - PASSIVE1) I had eaten an apple. ActiveAn apple had been eaten byme.- Passive2) Swati had finished her homework.- ActiveHer homework had been finished by Swati.- Passive3) Namin had bought a car.- Active A car had been bought by Namin.- Passive17 18. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comSAY THE PAST PARTICIPLES OF THE VERBSSee SeenteachtaughtCut Cut ring rungWorkWorked dodoneLeave Left eat eatenFeedfed catchcaughtBring broughtsingsungSwimswum buy bought18 19. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comCOMPLETE THE BLANKS WITH THE PRESENTPERFECT TENSE.1. I haveseen..( seen) that film before.2. three English books in class.3. My motherhas..been(be) to London twice this year.4. The childrenhave..eaten(eat) breakfast.5. Youhave..drunk(drink) all the coffee. 19 20. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comBIBLIOGRAPHY Objective English for CompetitiveExaminations - Hari Mohan Prasad - Uma Rani sinha Business Communication Concepts, Casesand Applications - P.D. Chaturvedi - Mukesh Chaturvedi20 21. Thank youvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comBY: manisha vaghela 21