Professional Issues - Technical Terms

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Words You Should Know!IT5104: Professional Issues in ITOpenArc Campus BIT Sem V - PIIT

DISPUTE

- a disagreement or argument.

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DEFENDANT

- an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.a person or entity accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person or entity against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.3

SUSPECT

PROSECUTORPROSECUTION

- a person thought to be guilty of a crime or offence

( ) - a person, especially a public official, who institutes legal proceedings against someone

- the institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.

Theprosecutoris the chief legal representative of theprosecutionin countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system. Theprosecutionis the legal party responsible for presenting the case in a criminal trial against an individual accused of breaking the law.

Aprosecutoris a lawyer who works for a state or government organization and is responsible for starting legal proceedings and then proving in court that the suspect committed the crime he's accused of. The opposite of aprosecutoris a defense attorney.

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PLAINTIFF

- a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.claimant or complainant, is the term used in some jurisdictions for the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.5

LAWSUIT

- a claim or dispute brought to a law court for adjudication."his lawyerfiled a lawsuitagainst Mr ABC

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TRIAL

- a formal examination of evidence by a judge, typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings.

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ACCUSE

ALLEGATION

- charge (someone) with an offence or crime.

- claim of a fact by a party in a pleading, charge, or defense. Until they can be proved,allegationsremain merely assertions. a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.

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OFFENSE

- a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act.9

DEMOCRACY

- "a system of government in which all the people of a state are involved in making decisions about its affairs, typically by voting to elect representatives to a parliament or similar assembly,a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.10

JURISDICTION

- practical authority to interpret and apply the law, or to govern and legislate. It is granted to a formally constituted legal body, such as a court. the official power to make legal decisions and judgements.11

OFFENDER

CRIMINAL

- a person who commits an illegal act. - a person who has committed a crime.12

LITIGATION

- the process of taking legal action. Litigationlaw refers to the rules and practices involved in resolving disputes in the court system. The term is often associated with tort cases, butlitigationcan come about in all kinds of cases, from contested divorces, to eviction proceedings.13

LEGISLATURE

ENACT

- law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy. Laws enacted bylegislatures are known as legislation.

- make (a bill or other proposal) law.

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VERDICT

- formal finding of fact made by a jury on matters or questions submitted to the jury by a judge.a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.15

CONSTITUENCY

- a group of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body.16