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Psychology powe point adolescence and adulthood

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Adolescence and Adulthood Psychology

LessonEQ: According to Erik Erikson, what role does each period of life play in individuals development?

Vocabulary:IdentityGenerativityMidlife crisisMenopauseEgo integrityEpigenic Principles

Reading: An Identity of Wisdommilieu:the physical or social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops

James MarciaRefining and extending Erik Eriksons work, James Marcia came up with four Identity Statuses/States of psychological identity development. The main idea is that ones sense of identity is determined largely by the choices and commitments made regarding certain personal and social traits.

Marcias Identity Status

Identity DiffusionThe status in which the adolescent does no have a sense of having choices; he or she has not yet made (nor is attempting/willing to make) a commitment

Identity ForeclosureThe status in which the adolescent seems willing to commit to some relevant roles, values, or goals for the future. Adolescents in this stage have not experienced an identity crisis. They tend to conform to the expectations of others regarding their future (e. g. allowing a parent to determine a career direction) As such, these individuals have not explored a range of options.

Identity MoratoriumThe status in which the adolescent is currently in a crisis, exploring various commitments and is ready to make choices, but has not made a commitment to these choices yet.

Identity AchievementThe status in which adolescent has gone through a identity crisis and has made a commitment to a sense of identity (i.e. certain role or value) that he or she has chosen


Questions to Ponder:When do you think adulthood begins?What are the most important qualities in a mate?

Essential QuestionHow does young adulthood differ from adolescence?

Adolescence Definition: A defined period between the normal onset of puberty and the beginning of adulthood.

CharacteristicsBiological Growth/DevelopmentUndefined StatusIncreased Decision MakingIncreased PressureThe Search for Self

Undefined Status

Rites of PassageDefinition: Rituals marking the transitional phase between childhood and full inclusion into a tribe or social group.

Ex. Bar Mitzvah, Vanuatu Land Diving, Graduation, Quinceaera, and Walkabout

Increased Pressure

VSYoung people are under pressure to strike a balance between parental wishes and peer pressures

Search for SelfAnticipatory socialization: learning the rights, obligations, and expectations of a role to prepare for assuming that role in the future.

Can come in the form ofPart-time workClub membershipDating

Functions of DatingEntertainmentSocializationPsychological needs such as conversation, companionship, and understandingStatus attainmentSpouse selection

AttractionContributors to AttractionProximity: Physical closeness (mere exposure)Physical Attractiveness: Pleasant physical appearance (often different depending on culture), signs of health such as symmetry (universal)Similarity: Commonalities between two peopleOpposites?: Complementary QualitiesReciprocity: The tendency to like those who like you


Triangular Conception of Love

As proposed by Robert Sternberg


Erik Erikson Quiz

LessonEQ: According to Erik Erikson, what role does each period of life play in individuals development?

Vocabulary:Midlife crisisMenopauseEmpty-nest syndromeMidlife Crisis


Midlife Crisis


LessonEQ 1: According to Erik Erikson, what role does each period of life play in individuals development?EQ 2: According to Kubler-Ross, how do individuals deal with grief, change, and death?

VocabularyDementiaAlzheimersEgo integrity

Activator: BrainstormMany Americans have stereotypical views regarding older adults. Brainstorm a list of stereotypes associated with old age. Record your answers.

Late Adulthood JigsawChangesNotesPhysicalCognitiveSocial

Use pages 344-347 in Psychology: Principles in Practice

Suggest solutions to problems related to these areas using the information from the text.Ego integrityAdjustmentReshaping LifeOutlookSelf-Challenge

Myths vs. RealitiesUsing the responses from the brainstorm activator and the information learned through the jigsaw, prepare a late adulthood myths and realities chart. (See pg. 345 for a sample)

Read with a PurposeAs pairs, read Cultural Perspectives on Grief and Death and complete the Thinking Critically. (page 355)Be prepared to share out.

Kubler-Ross Stages of Dying(Change)Questions to Consider:1)Do you recognize these reactions to change in yourself?2)Have you seen it in others?3) Are there other important stages in your own reaction to change?