Lesson introducing the study of rhetoric and specifically the study of Puritan rhetoric in John Winthrop's texts.
Text of Puritan rhetoric presentation
1. How to read RHETORIC
2. What is RHETORIC 3. Art of using language effectively, persuasively, and ethically Cicero, ancient Roman orator 4. Figurative use of language Hit the sack Rhetoric is literally figures of speech Click on the images Feel like a million bucks What a nut Butterflies in my stomach Eye of the storm On the Clock Tree huggers (As opposed to literal meaning) 5. Patterns of language: Vocabulary Images Figures of speech Allusions Storytelling methods Means of persuasion Style 6. Where is RHETORIC 7. EVERYWHERE 8. Why RHETORIC 9. Effective Toni Morrison, winner of Nobel Prize in Literature 1993 Strategic Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister 1940-45 & 1951-55 10. To develop a built-in lie detector Lie True Bias Fact-based Strawman Logical Dubious Fair Reliable sources Generalization Red herring 11. Theres an ethical way to communicate Either/or Beg the question False analogy Sweeping generalization Ad hominem Non sequitur Red herring Strawman Avoid fallacies 12. Why study the RHETORIC of the Puritans 13. Puritans Say the Darndest Things article chosen perjured providence vast and howling wilderness promise in Christ upon a hill Gods people authority members of the same body Heathen Devil Israel elect special commision reliance covenant light a people scourge 14. Sumptuary Laws 15. John Donne, 17th century English Metaphysical poet Anne Bradstreet, 17th century New England Puritan poet Click images for links to audio recordings of poems 16. Early Puritan RHETORIC 17. A Model of Christian Charity Sermon delivered on the Arbella Gods elect Marriage between God and Puritans contract : Legal special commission covenant with articles to be ratified John Winthrop, 1st governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company If we fail and prosecute our carnal (non-spiritual) intentions we become a perjured people for breach of such a covenant 18. Lets analyze the rhetoric Israelites Puritans 19. Puritans Israelites Totally reliant on Gods direct commands Father/child Obedience Breach of covenant = disobedience Self-reliance must interpret Gods will Marriage Personal responsibility Breach of covenant = perjury Both Must maintain single communal will (one body) Terrible risks involved (Gods wrath) Enormous spiritual errand (Gods will) Story in the making 20. As a city upon a hill 21. Children of Light Our Fathers wrung their bread from stocks and stones And fenced their gardens with the Redman's bones; Embarking from the Nether Land of Holland, Pilgrims unhouseled by Geneva's night, They planted here the Serpent's seeds of light; And here the pivoting searchlights probe to shock The riotous glass houses built on rock, And candles gutter by an empty altar, And light is where the landless blood of Cain Is burning, burning the unburied grain . Click icon to replay