Puritan rhetoric presentation

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Lesson introducing the study of rhetoric and specifically the study of Puritan rhetoric in John Winthrop's texts.

Text of Puritan rhetoric presentation

  • 1. How to read RHETORIC

2. What is RHETORIC
3. Art of using language effectively, persuasively, and ethically
Cicero, ancient Roman orator
4. Figurative use of language
Hit the sack
Rhetoric is literally figures of speech
Click on the images
Feel like a million bucks
What a nut
Butterflies in my stomach
Eye of the storm
On the Clock
Tree huggers
(As opposed to literal meaning)
5. Patterns of language:
Vocabulary
Images
Figures of speech
Allusions
Storytelling methods
Means of persuasion
Style
6. Where is RHETORIC
7. EVERYWHERE
8. Why RHETORIC
9. Effective
Toni Morrison, winner of Nobel Prize in Literature 1993
Strategic
Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister 1940-45 & 1951-55
10. To develop a built-in lie detector
Lie
True
Bias
Fact-based
Strawman
Logical
Dubious
Fair
Reliable sources
Generalization
Red herring
11. Theres an ethical way to communicate
Either/or
Beg the question
False analogy
Sweeping generalization
Ad hominem
Non sequitur
Red herring
Strawman
Avoid fallacies
12. Why study the RHETORIC of the Puritans
13. Puritans Say the Darndest Things
article
chosen
perjured
providence
vast and howling wilderness
promise
in Christ
upon a hill
Gods people
authority
members of the same body
Heathen
Devil
Israel
elect
special commision
reliance
covenant
light
a people
scourge
14. Sumptuary Laws
15. John Donne, 17th century English Metaphysical poet
Anne Bradstreet, 17th century New England Puritan poet
Click images for links to audio recordings of poems
16. Early Puritan RHETORIC
17. A Model of Christian Charity
Sermon delivered on the Arbella
Gods elect
Marriage between God and Puritans
contract :
Legal
special commission
covenant with articles
to be ratified
John Winthrop, 1st governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company
If we fail
and prosecute our carnal (non-spiritual) intentions
we become a perjured people
for breach of such a covenant
18. Lets analyze the rhetoric
Israelites
Puritans
19. Puritans
Israelites
Totally reliant on Gods direct commands
Father/child
Obedience
Breach of covenant = disobedience
Self-reliance must interpret Gods will
Marriage
Personal responsibility
Breach of covenant = perjury
Both
Must maintain single communal will (one body)
Terrible risks involved (Gods wrath)
Enormous spiritual errand (Gods will)
Story in the making
20. As a city upon a hill
21. Children of Light
Our Fathers wrung their bread from stocks and stones
And fenced their gardens with the Redman's bones;
Embarking from the Nether Land of Holland,
Pilgrims unhouseled by Geneva's night,
They planted here the Serpent's seeds of light;
And here the pivoting searchlights probe to shock
The riotous glass houses built on rock,
And candles gutter by an empty altar,
And light is where the landless blood of Cain
Is burning, burning the unburied grain .
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