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Reflexive verbs - in French

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An introduction to reflexive verbs in French.

Text of Reflexive verbs - in French


2. Reflexive verbs show that the subject of theverb is performing the action uponhimself, herself, or itself.Examples: se baigner- to bathe / to swim se lever- to get (oneself) upREFLEXIVE VERBS 3. 1. Change the reflexive pronoun (se or s) toagree with the subject. Here are the reflexivepronouns:REFLEXIVE VERBS CONJUGATIONPronoun ReflexivePronounEnglish MeaningJe Me MyselfTu Te YourselfIl/Elle/On Se Himself / HerselfNous Nous OurselvesVous Vous Yourself or YourselvesIls/Elles Se Themselves or Each Other 4. 2. Then conjugate the infinitive(-er, -ir, -re, or irregular verb).Ex. Se coucher (to go to bed)REFLEXIVE VERBS CONJUGATIONSingulier PlurielJe me couche Nous nous couchonsTu te couches Vous vous couchezIl/Elle se couche Ils/Elles se couchent 5. 2. Then conjugate the infinitive(-er, -ir, -re, or irregular verb).Ex. Se doucher (to shower)REFLEXIVE VERBS CONJUGATIONSingulier PlurielJe me douche Nous nous douchonsTu te douches Vous vous douchezIl/Elle se douche Ils/Elles se douchent 6. When doing the negative form of a reflexive verb,you still use the nepas sandwich. Example: Se leverREFLEXIVE VERBS NEGATIVESingulier PlurielJe ne me lve pas Nous ne nous levons pasTu ne te lves pas Vous ne vous levez pasIl/Elle ne se lve pas Ils/Elles ne se levent pas 7. When doing the negative form ofa reflexive verb, you still use thenepas sandwich. Example: ShabillerREFLEXIVE VERBS NEGATIVESingulier PlurielJe ne mhabille pas Nous ne nous habillons pasTu ne thabilles pas Vous ne vous habillez pasIl/Elle ne shabille pas Ils/Elles ne shabillent pas 8. Usually reflexive pronouns go directly in front of theconjugated verb. Example: Je me couche. Exceptions1. When there is an infinitive verb, the reflexiveobject pronouns goes in front of the infinitive. Example: Je vais me laver. (Im going to washmyself).WHERE TO PUTTHE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS 9. Exceptions2. When there is acommand the reflexive pronouns goafter the conjugated verb. The reflexive pronounsalso change for some! Examples: Lave-toi Levez-vousNormalReflexivePronounReflexivePronouns forcommandsJe MoiTu ToiIl/Elle Il/ElleNous NousVous VousIls/Elles Ills/EllesWHERE TO PUTTHE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS 10. COMMONREFLEXIVE VERBS 11. COMMON REFLEXIVE VERBSReflexive verb English meaningsamuser to have fun / to amuse oneselfse baigner to bathese brosser (les cheveux, les dents) to brush (ones hair, ones teeth)se casser (la jambe, le bras) to break (ones leg, ones arm)se coiffer to fix ones hairse coucher to go to bedse couper to cut oneselfse dpcher to hurry upse habiller / se dshabiller to get dressed / to get undressedse lever to get upse raser to shavese rveiller to wake up 12. REFLEXIVEANDNON-REFLEXIVE 13. REFLEXIVE & NON-REFLEXIVEIt is important to note that most reflexiveverbs can also be used in a non-reflexiveway. Example:Reflexive Non-reflexiveJe me brosse les dents Je brosse les dents de mafille.I brush my teeth. I brush my daughters teeth. 14. Sometimes the meaning of the verb actuallychanges. Common verbs of this type include:REFLEXIVE & NON-REFLEXIVENon-reflexive ReflexiveDemander to ask Se demander to wonderEnnuyer to annoy Sennuyer to be boredPasser - to go past/to spendtimeSe passer to happenSentir to smell something Se sentir to feelTrouver to find Se trouver to be in a place