Relationship between culture and society

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Relationship between Culture & Society?

Relationship Between Culture & Society!

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What is Society?Society is the bigger, cooperating social group with an organized sense of relationship. It is the sum of interactions and people.

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What is Culture?Culture can be seen as tradition that creates cohesion and continuity. It has a lot of different meanings It is the traits of a populations behavior, values and beliefs.

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Difference b/w society and cultureBaseCulture is based off of historical precedencesociety is an agreement on how each member should behave.ScopeSociety is the overall bigger pictureCulture is a part of society4

Difference b/w society and cultureFlexibilityCulture is changing constantly and exclusiveSociety is more stable and inclusiveExamplesExamples of culture are fashion, language, traditional products, music, art and ideals. Examples of society are villages, small towns and big cities

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Relationship b/w culture and societyPresent and continuous movementSociety and culture are closely related and interlinkedBut they are Not Interchangeable culture plays a key role in the formation of a societyCharacteristics of relationship b/w culture and societyMutual existenceNot IdenticalEssential Difference

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Mutual ExistenceCulture and society are co-existent.No culture could exist without society and equally no society could exist without culture

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Not IdenticalCulture and society may have the some common elements but the two are not the same; they are not identical.

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Essential differenceSociety is composed of people Culture consists of knowledge, ideas, customs, traditions, mores, beliefs, skills, institutions, organizations and artifacts.

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Major cultures within a society

Universal CultureSubculturesCountercultures Material CultureNonmaterial culture

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Cultural UniversalsCultural traits shared by nearly all societiesArts and Leisure activitiesBasic Needs Clothing, cooking, HousingCommunication and Education Family Courtshipkin groups, marriageGovernment and Economy Calendar, division of labor, government, law, property rights, status differentiation, trade TechnologyMedicine, tool making

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SubculturesGroups that share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population.

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CounterculturesGroups that rejects the major values, norms, and behaviors that is practiced by larger society.

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Major cultures within a society

Universal CultureSubculturesCountercultures Material CultureNonmaterial culture

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Material Culture

Material culture includes all the physical things that people create and attach meaning toClothing, food, tools, architecture etc.

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Nonmaterial cultureNonmaterial culture includes creations and abstract ideas that are not embodied in physical objects. Any intangible products created and shared between the members of a culture Social roles, rules, ethics, and beliefs are just some examples.

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Cultural Sociology

Specialized field of sociology that studies the culture and its relationship with societyculture in the sociological field can be defined as the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together shape a people's way of life.Every cultural phenomena should be seen as a product of social processes

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Major areas of research

Theoretical constructs in sociology of cultureCultural changeCulture theoryCultural deviationEvolution of culture18

Cultural deviance

Deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms of a societyFormal deviance: crime, Legal actionInformal deviance: Ethical violations, TabooPositive deviance

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Evolution of culture

Human culture changesSimilar to Darwinian theory of evolutionNew traditions, customs and rituals are adopted by societyThe ability of societies to adapt is critical to long term survivalFlexible cultures surviveRigid societies vanish20

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