Romanticpoetry ppt

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  • 1. Historical context, characteristics, ideas, and poets

2. Statements that Embody or Suggest Romanticism 1.The answers to lifes most puzzling questions can be found through discussions with a simple person who lives in the country close to naturenot with a sophisticated, well-educated person from the city.2.The answer to lifes most puzzling questions can be found through a connection with nature.3.The use of ones imagination is more important than rational thought.4.Subjectivity is more important than objectivity.5.Knowledge is gained through gut reactions and subjective hunches rather than level-headed, objective, deductive thought.6.Nature is more important than art.7.Experimental trial and error is a better process than the conventional scientific method.8.Poetry should be spontaneous and full of emotion, not planned and straightforward.9.Sensitivity, feelings, and spontaneity are more important than intellectualism.10.Dare to be is a better battle-cry than dare to know. 3. Periods in British Literature 450-1066: Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) Period (Beowulf) 1066-1500: Middle English Period (Geoffrey Chaucer) 1500-1660: The Renaissance (William Shakespeare; John Donne, John Milton) 1660-1785: The Neoclassical Period 1785-1830: The Romantic Period (William Blake, WilliamWordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley) 1837-1901: The Victorian Period (Charles Dickens) 1914-1939: The Modern Period 1945-present: The Postmodern Period (George Orwell, Mark Haddon, Bryce Courtenay,Tsitsi Dangarembga and more!) 4. 1785-1830: The Romantic PeriodTurbulent time In France: Revolution, Reign of Terror, Napoleon Industrialization and Enclosure Acts shifted population tocities, changed landscape Shift in power from landholding aristocracy to industrialists Population increasingly polarized into rich and poor, capital and labor Reaction against Enlightenment, which placed an emphasis on reason and science CounterEnlightenment 5. The Spirit of the Age Writers of the time didnt callthemselves Romantic, but many felt there was something distinctive about their time, a new literary spirit that accompanied social and political revolution. Most leading British writers ardently supported the French Revolution at first and were disappointed by the Reign of Terror. But, filled with the spirit of revolution, they still felt everything was possible by discarding inherited ideas and outworn customs.The Storming of the Bastille (1789), Jean-Pierre Houel 6. Wordsworth and Coleridge: Lyrical Ballads, 1798 Wordsworths Preface: announced new poetry inopposition to the previous centurys artificial conventions Wordsworth: Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings Coleridge used an organic metaphora poem begins as a seed in the poets imagination Wordsworth: What is a Poet? He is a man speaking to men; a man, it is true, endowed with more lively sensibility, more enthusiasm and tenderness, who has a greater knowledge of human nature, and a more comprehensive soul, than are supposed to be common among mankindWilliam WordsworthSamuel Taylor Coleridge 7. Characteristics of Romantic Poetry Lyric poema poem thatexpresses the emotions of a firstperson speaker (and in Romantic poetry, that speaker is often quite similar to the poet) Intuition over reason The pastoral over the urban Focus on NATURE (Nature is expressive, personified, sometimes even divine) Focus on intense EMOTIONS (including horror and awe => THE SUBLIME)The Wanderer Above the Sea of Clouds (1818), Caspar David Friedrich 8. More Characteristics of Romantic Poetry: Importance of the power ofthe IMAGINATION NATIONALISM RUINS and nostalgia for all things medieval and gothic Interest in the EXOTIC Glorification of the COMMONPLACE Interest in DREAMS and ALTERED STATES (opium) Emphasis on SOLITUDE (outlaws, outcasts, nonconformity)John Constable, The Haywain (1821) 9. The Raft of the Medusa 10. The Raft of the Medusa