Unit 1: Self Portraits
Jan van Eyck, Man in Red Turban (1433)
Northern Renaissance painter, ca.1395-1441
Northern Renaissance artists were masters of technique, and their works are amazingly detailed. Their goal was to paint as realistically as possible.
Van Eyck worked for European royalty, earning a very good salary.
Leonardo da Vinci, Self-Portrait(1512)
Part of the Italian High Renaissance (1452-1519)
Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer
High Renaissance artists studied nature and the human body in order to perfect their understanding of anatomy and perspective.
Rembrandt, Self-Portrait (1660)
Dutch Painter and Engraver, 1606-1669, during the Baroque Era
Less complex, more realistic and more emotional than previous trends in art history.
This movement was encouraged by the Catholic Church, the most important patron of the arts at that time.
Rembrandt specialized in portraits and illustrations of scenes from the Bible.
Vincent van Gogh, Self Portrait with Fur Cap and Bandaged Ear (1889)
Dutch Post-Impressionist painter, 1853-1890
Impressionists were known for their light, spontaneous landscapes. Post-Impressionists were influenced by them, but took their art in other directions.
Van Gogh's paintings are known for their thick, textured brushstrokes, bold colours, and emotional expression.
V. van Gogh, Self Portrait at Auvers (1889-90)
Van Gogh suffered from years of painful anxiety and frequent periods of mental illness
Towards the end of his life, van Gogh moved to Auvers-sur-Oise to be near his doctor and his brother.
Pablo Picasso, Self-Portrait (1899-1900)
Spanish Cubist Painter and Sculptor, 1881-1973
Picasso started by drawing & painting realistically.
Eventually he began to experiment with different techniques and styles.
P. Picasso, Self-Portrait Facing Death(1972)
Picasso became influenced by African art, with its simplified shapes and bright colours.
The goal of Cubism is to show an object from multiple points of view simultaneously.
Cubism encouraged many other art movements to develop in the 20th century.
Frida Kahlo,Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace (1940)
Born 1907 in Coyoacán, Mexico
Frida Kahlo survived many difficult events in her life, including contracting polio as a child, a long recovery from a serious car accident, two failed marriages, and several miscarriages.
She used these experiences, combined with strong Mexican and Native American influences, to create highly personal paintings.
Kahlo used personal symbolism mixed with Surrealism (dream imagery) to express her suffering through her artwork.
Francis Bacon,Self-Portrait (1958)
Irish-born British Expressionist Painter, 1909-1992
The goal of Expressionism is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist.
Bacon's work is known for being bold, graphic, and emotionally raw.
Bacon specialized in abstracted portraits on fairly plain backgrounds.
Emily Carr,Self Portrait
Canadian Expressionist Painter, 1871-1945
Carr specialized in painting landscapes based on her life in British Columbia.
She is also known for including Native imagery (lots of totem poles) in her paintings in an effort to document their culture.
Being an Expressionist painter, Carr focused on the emotional and mythological content in her landscapes, and she used highly stylized and abstracted forms.
Chuck Close,Self-Portrait (1997)
American Photorealist painter, born in 1940
The goal of Photorealism is to paint in a style closely resembling photographs.
Close specialized in enormous portraits Close suffers from “face
blindness”, in which he is unable to recognize faces. By painting portraits, he is better able to recognize and remember faces
To create his grid work copies of photos, Close puts a grid on the photo and on the canvas and copies cell by cell