Strategies to teach paragraph writing to primary students. Hand-book 2

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Types of paragraphs Writing a character sketch Writing and informal letter

Text of Strategies to teach paragraph writing to primary students. Hand-book 2

  • 1. Strategies to TeachParagraph WritingtoPrimary StudentsHandbook 2Handbook 1Kavita Grover

2. As a part of my research in classroom intervention to accelerate studentslearning the given worksheets are a compilation of worksheets and strategies toteach students from grades 3-5 to write an organised paragraph. I havepresented my research work in three parts.Handbook 1: What is a paragraph and parts of a paragraphHandbook 2: Types of paragraphsHandbook 3: Using graphic organisers to teach paragraph writingThese strategies can be used for individual, pair or group work. They are in theform of worksheets with increasing complexity.In this handbook I have also included strategies that help the students to write acharacter sketch and an informal letter. As part of my research I had used astudent friendly rubric so that they could assess their own work against a givencriteria. The criteria for assessment were Content, Organization, Word choice,Sentence fluency and Conventions.Initially two parameters content and organization were assessed, conventionsbeing kept a constant. An opened ended question was assessed in eachworksheet. When the learner had shown a measurable improvement in theirparagraph writing/organizational skills a learner could identify their ownweaknesses in word choice and sentence fluency.Kavita Grover Page 2 3. Worksheet 1Structure of a paragraph quizWhy I want to learn English(1) There are three reasons why I want to learn English. (2)One reason is thatEnglish has become an international language.(3)It is used by mostinternational companies, including the company where I work for businesscommunication.(4)Another reason why I want to learn English is that I cantravel to English speaking countries .(5)The United Stated ,England,Australia and many other countries all use English as their primarylanguage.(6)Finally I want to learn English because I plan to move to theU.S.in the future.(7) I will become a manager for my company soon. (8) Forall these reasons, I am very excited about learning English.1) Write the correct number for each sentence:i. Identify the topic statement:_______ii. Identify the conclusion:____________iii. Identify the first main point:_________iv. Identify the second main point:_______v. Identify the third main point:________vi. Identify the support detail for the first main point:________vii. Identify the support detail for the second main point:______viii. Identify the support detail for the third main point:_______Kavita Grover Page 3 4. Fact sheet on types of paragraphsA. Classification paragraph: When writing a classification paragraph, yougroup things or ideas into specific categories.B. Description paragraph: In a description paragraph, you are writingabout what a person, place, or thing is like. Sometimes, you may describewhere a place is located.C. Compare and contrast paragraph: In a compare and contrastparagraph, you write about the similarities and differences between twoor more people, places, things, or ideas.D. Sequencing paragraph: In a sequencing paragraph, you are writing todescribe a series of events or a process in some sort of order. Usually, thisorder is based on time.E. Explaining paragraph: In an explanation paragraph, you need to explainhow or why something happens. Very often in social studies class, youwill be asked to explore causes and effects of certain events.Kavita Grover Page 4 5. Worksheet 2Descriptive ParagraphYou are writing what a person, place or thing is like. Helper or keywords used for writing a descriptive paragraph are given in the tablebelow.Properties Measurement Analogy Locationsize length is like incolour width resembles aboveshape mass/weight belowpurpose speed besidenearnorth/east/south/westActivity: Study the picture given below and with the help of the key wordswrite a paragraph on the African Elephant.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 5 6. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 6 7. Worksheet 3Compare and contrast paragraphYou write about similarities and differences between two or more places, thingsor ideas. The helper/ key words used to compare are given in the table below.Similarities Differencesis similar to the other handboth howeveralso buttoo in contrastas well differs fromwhileunlikeActivity 1: With the help of the key words given above write any threedifferences between the Asian and the African elephants.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 7 8. Worksheet 4Sequencing paragraphIn a sequencing paragraph, you are writing to describe a series of eventsor a process in some sort of order.i) Carefully study the picture given and convert it into a flow chart.Kavita Grover Page 8 9. Kavita Grover Page 9IntroductionEvent 1Event 2Event 3Event 4 10. ii) With the help of the key words given in the box convert the flow chartinto a sequencing paragraph with a suitable title.Kavita Grover Page 10Order Timefirst, second, third, etc. recentlyin the beginning previouslybefore afterwardsthen whenafter afterfinallyat lastsubsequently 11. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 11 12. RemediationFrequently occurring mistakes in the sequencing paragraph:1) In the beginning, first the barks are cut.________________________________________________________2) The trees will be cut.________________________________________________________3) Then at second after the bark-- ______________________________4) First bark is stripped, second wood chips broken---________________________________________________________5) Then it goes ahead to make pulp then pulp is cleaned and bleachedthen pulp is beaten and then chemicals and dyes are mixed.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 12Note: The samples given below are some of the students written responses. 13. Worksheet 5Objective: Picture comprehensionSkill: Synthesis of a story using visual prompts.The pictures below have got mixed up. Put them in the correct order and write astory. Use the helping words for a sequencing paragraph.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Kavita Grover Page 13 14. Objective: self evaluation of the written text (story)You had written a story in your last workshop. Read your story again and gradeyourself according to the story writing rubric given to you. For each categorytick the correct box. Fill in the table given below using the rubrics. Add themarks and find your total marks out of 20.1) What marks/grades did you get? ________________2) What/which mistakes did you make?MistakesIdeasOrganizationWord choiceFluencyConventionKavita Grover Page 14 15. Story writing rubricKavita Grover Page 15 16. Character sketchKavita Grover Page 16 17. Character sketchBefore asking the students to write the character sketch sensitize them tofeeling, emotions, facial expressions and situations. Ask to identify situationswhere they have felt these emotions. Then ask them to critically read the text toidentify sentences which gave them the cue about a persons character.1) Identify the expression and tick the correct emotion.Facial expression emotion SynonymsSurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustStartle, sudden reaction to something,astonishedAns: SurpriseSurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustContempt, revulsion, scornfulAns: DisgustSurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustUnhappy, miserable, distress, feel likecryingAns: SadSurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustExcitement, glad, merry, delighted, joyfulAns: HappyKavita Grover Page 17 18. SurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustRage, furious, hostile, angry,Ans: AngerSurpriseAngerHappyFearSadDisgustTerror, scared, afraid, terrifiedAns:Fear2) Feeling can be of two types: pleasant and unpleasant. From the tablegiven in question 1, classify the