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2. 3. HistoryofArchitecture Simplified diagram of the Taj Mahal floor plan 4. HistoryofArchitecture Site plan of Taj Mahal

  • This tomb also lies within a walled chaharbagh layout: the garden divided in four,though the tomb does not lie at theintersection of the axes, but at the endoverlooking the river.
  • A square pool with a platform marksthe center of the garden and links thefourchannels.
  • The platform, defined by four freestanding minarets has a mosque and ablution pool to the west, and a guesthouse and pool tothe east.

5. HistoryofArchitecture Simplified diagram of the Taj Mahal floor

  • This structure is beautiful because it is well proportioned, sophisticated, controlled colour scheme, high craftmanship, detailed inlay and moulding work and good caligraphy.

6. HistoryofArchitecture HISTORY OF TAJ MAHAL

    • TheTaj Mahal in AgraIndia is considered one of the bestexamples ofMughalArchitecture in India . The history of theTaj Mahal is one of the great love stories of the world.
    • The most perfect visual metaphor for the paradise garden created by the Mughals is the Taj Mahal, the tomb built for Shah Jahans beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
    • The Persian couplets inscribed on the entrancedgateway make the imagery explicit: Hail, blessed space happier than the garden of Paradise!, lofty building higher than the divine throne!

7. HistoryofArchitecture HISTORY OF TAJ MAHAL

  • The most expensive whitemarblewas brought to Agra.
  • The structure combinesingredients of Persian, India,Islamicand Turkish styles ofarchitecture.
  • It took twenty-two years to complete the construction of thisarchitectural wonder.
  • As per the records twenty thousand people were employedto work on this magnanimous project, which cost theMughalemperor thirty-two million Rupees.

8. HistoryofArchitecture

  • The central focus of the complex is the tomb.
  • This large, white marble structure stands on asquare plinth and consists of a symmetricalbuildingwith an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway)topped by alarge dome and finial.
  • The base structure is essentially alarge, multi- chambered cube with chamfered corners, formingan unequal octagon that is approximately 55meters on each ofthe four long sides.


  • The marble dome that surmounts the tomb is the mostspectacular feature.
  • Its height of around 35 meters is about the same asthelength of the base,and is accentuated as it sits ona cylindrical "drum" of about 7 metres high.
  • Because of its shape, the dome is often called an oniondomeor amrud.
  • The top is decorated with a lotus design, which alsoserves to accentuate its height.
  • The shape of the dome is emphasised by four smallerdomedchattris (kiosks) placed at its corners.
  • The lotus motif is repeated on both the chattris andguldastas.

10. HistoryofArchitecture Inside the Taj Mahal

  • The Taj Mahal is situated more than 900 ft. (275 m.) away from the entrance at the opposite end of the garden. Towering almost 200 ft. (76m.) in height, the tomb stands on its own marble plinth, which rests on a red sandstone platform that serves to level the land as it slopes to the river. Four tall minarets rise up from the corners of the white marble plinth. They taper to a majestic height of 138 ft and are crowned with eight windowed cupolas.
  • The marble mausoleum is square in plan with chamfered corners. Each facade of the tomb is composed of a grand iwan framed by bands of calligraphy.

11. HistoryofArchitecture Inside the Taj Mahal

  • The doorways inside these iwans are also adorned with calligraphy. The iwan is flanked on both sides by small double arches one over the other. They are rectangular while the arched alcoves of equal size at the angles of the tomb are semi-octagonal.
  • Each section in the facade is well demarked on both sides by attached pilasters which rising from the plinth level of the tomb rise above the frieze and are crowned by beautiful pinnacles with lotus buds and finials. The pinnacles ornament the superstructure and help along with the other features to break the skyline gracefully.

12. HistoryofArchitecture Interior ofMahal Jali screen surrounding the cenotaphs Tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal 13. HistoryofArchitecture Interior of Taj Mahal

  • The interior of the mausoleum comprises a lofty central chamber, a crypt immediately below this and four octagonal corner rooms originally intended to house the graves of other royal family members.
  • Above the tombs is a Cairene lamp, the flame of which is supposed to never burn out.
  • Marble screen of trelliswork surrounds the graves. Both tombs are exquisitely inlaid with semiprecious stones.
  • The acoustics of the building are superb with the domed ceiling being designed to echo chants from Koran and musician's melodies.
  • It is suggested that one walk around the outside of the tomb, before retrieving your shoes, to appreciate it from all sides.

14. HistoryofArchitecture Interior of Taj Mahal 15. HistoryofArchitecture Interior of Taj Mahal 16. HistoryofArchitecture Interior of Taj Mahal 17. HistoryofArchitecture Calligraphy on large pishtaq

  • Throughout the complex, passages from the Qur'anare used as decorative elements. Recent scholarship suggests that the passages were chosen by Amanat Khan.The texts refer to themes of judgment and include
  • The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal are among the finest to be found in Mughal architecture.As the surface area changes the decorations are refined proportionally. The decorative elements were created by applying paint, stucco stone inlays, or carvings. In line with the Islamic prohibition against the use of anthropomorphic forms, the decorative elements can be grouped into either calligraphy abstract forms or vegetative motifs.

18. HistoryofArchitecture