Tenses Summary

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Text of Tenses Summary

  • 1.SUMMARY OF TENSES

2. present past future We usetensesof verbs to refer to actions or situations in the present, in the past and in the future 3. present past future There are different sorts of tenses: simpletenses continuoustenses perfecttenses perfect continuoustenses 4. present past future present tenses presentsimple presentcontinuous presentperfect presentperfect continuous 5. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous FORM The present simple is formed with theinfinitive of the main verb . The negative and interrogative are formed with the present tense of the verbto do + infinitive. Examples I start ( he start s )work at 8.30 a.m.When do I start work? I dont start work until 9.00 a..m. / He do es nt start work until 9.00 a..m. 6. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous USE 1. for habitual and repeated actions Example I play blues harp and dobro guitar 7. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • for habitual and repeated actions
  • with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency
  • ( often usually sometimes - seldom rarely always occasionally never twice a week - on Tuesdays most of the time ....)
  • Example
  • He often arrives late

8. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • for habitual and repeated actions
  • with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency
  • Certain verbs are usually only used in the simple form

Example Do you see what I mean?She likes my brothervery much. I suppose he realizes that now. think feel realize understand know mean suppose believe expect remember forget verbs ofthinking want desire refuse forgive wish care love hate like dislike verbs ofemotions see- hear- smell notice recognize verbs of thesenses 9. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • for habitual and repeated actions
  • with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency
  • Certain verbs are usually only used in the simple form
  • for something that is permanently true

Example Water boils at 100 C. 10. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now past future I get up at 7.30 a.m. every day. 11. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed withthe present tense of the verbto be+ present participleof the main verb. Examples I m watchingtelevision. Whatare you doing? Heisnt coming. 12. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous USE 1. For actions happening at the moment of speaking. Example Shes reading the newspaper. 13. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • For actions happening at the moment of speaking.
  • For a temporary state.

Example The company is reorganizing its services. 14. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • For actions happening at the moment of speaking.
  • For a temporary state.
  • For a definite arrangement in the near future.

Example Theyre signing the contract tomorrow. 15. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • For actions happening at the moment of speaking.
  • For a temporary state.
  • For a definite arrangement in the near future.

Some verbs are not usually used in a continuous form seem appear (seem) contain consist keep (continue) - matter

  • some otherverbs

own owe belong - possess

  • verbs ofpossessing

think feel realize understand know mean suppose believe expect remember - forget

  • verbs ofthinking

want desire refuse forgive wish care love hate like - dislike

  • verbs ofemotion

see hear smell notice - recognize

  • verbs ofsenses

16. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now Im adjusting the rotating speed past future 17. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with thepresent tense of the verbto have+ past participleof the main verb. Examples I ve finished. Wherehaveyoubeen? Ihavent talkedto him. 18. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • Actions in the recent past withjust, recently, already, at last, lately

Example Hehasjustimmersedthe temperature probe into the molten steel. 19. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • Actions in the recent past withjust, recently, already, at last, lately
  • General experience with ever never before so far

Example This is the highest carbon ratio I veeverseen . 20. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • Actions in the recent past withjust, recently, already, at last, lately
  • General experience with ever never before so far
  • The indefinite past : we are interested in what happened, not in when it happened.

Example Ihave seenthe report. (I know what it is about.) Hehas soldthe company. Theyhave hadlunch. 21. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous

  • USE
  • Actions in the recent past withjust, recently, already, at last, lately
  • General experience withever never before so far
  • The indefinite past : we are interested in what happened, not in when it happened.
  • Actions starting in the past and continuing to the present, with for or since.

Example The operationhas been suspendedfor two months. The firmhas hada Belgian branch since October last year. 22. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now past future I ve just arrived. relationship with thepresent moment 23. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now past future Have you been to France? ? ? ? 24. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now past future They have revised their report. 25. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now past future We have conducted experimentson this phenomenon for almost two years. 26. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with thepresent perfect of the verbto be + present participleof the main verb. Examples Ive been writingcode for our new data-mining program. Has s hebeen tryingto contact me? Shehasnt been writingat all. 27. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous USE We use this tense for actions started in the past, continuing to the present and probably continuing into the future. We often use it with for or since. Examples I ve been tryingto persuade him for ten years now. Weve been practicingthis routine since last Wednesday. 28. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now 2004 past future I ve been driving driving lorries for twenty years..... 1984 In this sentence, thedurationis emphasized, eitherpositivelyornegatively . So I know what Im talking about! So its high time I quit. 29. present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now 2004 past future I ve driven a Volkswagen for twenty years..... 1984 In this sentence, thedurationis indicated, but the car brand is emphasized. Clearly I have confidence in this car. 30. present past future past tenses pastsimple pastcontinuous pastperfect pastperfect continuous 31. past simple past continuous past perfect past perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed by adding -ed to the infinitive .The negative and interrogative are formed with the past tense of the verbto do +infinitive of the main verb Examples Theyarrivedat head quarters an hour ago. Whendidhefinalizethis deal? Ididnt finishuntil 12 oclock. 32. past simple past continuous past perfect past perfect continuous USE 1. For actions completed at a definite time in the past. Example We signed the contract last Friday at 2 oclock. 33. past simple past continuous past perfect past perfect continuous

  • USE
  • For actions completed at a definite time in the past.
  • For actions which are already completed in the past: the time is understood but not stated.

Example Did you arrive in time? 34. past simple past continuous past perfect past perfect continuous

  • USE
  • For actions completed at a definite time in the past.
  • For actions which are already completed in the past: the time is understood but not stated.
  • The unreal past tense is used after the verb to wish and after words and phrases such asif only; its time; suppose etc. The simple past tense implies that the speaker knows that the wish or the idea is impossible. Note that the wish refers to the pre