We look at the Church's response to the Protestant Reformation, the Counter-Reformation. Art and culture were employed to arouse the faithful in a physical, visceral way. The addition of drama and tension affected both Catholic and Protestant art.
2. Caravaggio, Judith Beheading Holofernes, 15981599 3. Caravaggio, Deposition, c. 1600 4. Caravaggio, The Incredulity of Thomas, 1602-03 5. Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1611-12 6. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Rape of Proserpina, 1621-22 7. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, David, 1623-24 8. Peter Paul Rubens, The Elevation of the Cross, 1610-1611 9. Rembrandt van Rijn, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632 10. Rembrandt van Rijn, Abduction of Europa, 1632 11. Rembrandt van Rijn, The Night Watch, 1642 12. Diego Velzquez, Pope Innocent X, c. 1650 13. Velzquez, Las Meninas, c. 1656