The dream of the red chamber

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1. Tsao Hsueh-chin, , , Chia Pao-Yu, , Lin Tai-Yu, , : Chia, Shih, Wang Hsueh. Ching (, , , , , , , Ching, . , , , . , . . . Tsao Hsueh-chin, the author, created a tragic love story between a young man, Chia Pao- Yu, and a young woman, Lin Tai-Yu, and, along with their love story, he described in careful detail the ups and downs of four leading aristocratic families: Chia, Shih, Wang, and Hsueh. It is through his precise description of the decline of these four families that we are given a deep and careful analysis and criticism of the Ching Dynasty's economics, politics, culture, education, law, ethics, religion, and marriage, focusing in particular on the social superstructure of the Ching Dynasty, China's last feudal dynasty. Clearly, this novel is, like life itself, extraordinarily rich. It depicts with artistic appeal and succinctness the hidden crises and various kinds of intricate social conflicts of the declining feudal society, while offering us many different characteristics of many different kinds of people. The novel has profound social significance and a high historical value. It is generally regarded as China's greatest novel 2. CHIA Ancestress, Chia Tai Shan, o Yungkuo. . Chia Ching ( ), Chia Tai Hua, Ningkuo. . Chia Chen ( Chen), Chia Ching Ningkuo. Chia Shieh ( Shieh), Ancestress Yungkuo. Chia Cheng, Ancestress. Chen, Yu, Chen. Shieh, Hsin, Shieh. THE CHIA FAMIL HEAD OF THE FAMILY Princess Ancestress, widow of Chia Tai Shan, the second Prince of Yungkuo. Ruler of the eastern and western palaces. Chia Ching (prince Hermit), son of Chia Tai Hua, the second Prince of Ningkuo. Retired to a Taoist temple. THE SENIORS Chia Chen (Prince Chen), son of Chia Ching; in his place master of the Ningkuo palace. Chia Shieh (Prince Shieh), elder son of the Princess Ancestress; master of the Yungkuo palace. Chia Cheng, younger son of the Princess Ancestress. Princess Chen, nee Yu, wife of Prince Chen. Princess Shieh, nee Hsin, wife of Prince Shieh. 3. Cheng Wang, Chia Cheng. Chia Yung, Chen. Chia Lien, Shieh. Chia Pao Yu, Chia Cheng , Madame Cheng. Huan Chia, Chia Cheng Chao Pao Yu Chia Lan, Chia Chu, Chia Cheng. Yung, Chia Yung, , Ko Ching. Phoenix, Chia Lien. Chu, Chia Lan. , Chia Cheng , Wang Pao Yu . , Chia Cheng Chao Pao Yu. Madame Cheng nee Wang, wife of Chia Cheng. THE JUNIORS Chia Yung, son of Prince Chen. Chia Lien, son of Prince Shieh. Chia Pao YU, son of Chia Cheng by his wife, Madame Cheng. Chia Huan, son of Chia Cheng by his secondary wife Chao; half brother of Pao Yu. Chia Lan, son of Chia Chu, the deceased son of Chia Cheng. Mistress Yung, wife f Chia Yung, also known by her childhood name, Ko Ching. Madame Phoenix, wife of Chia Lien. Widow Chu, mother of Chia Lan. Beginning of Spring, daughter of Chia Cheng and his wife, nee Wang; sister of Pao Yu; imperial secondary wife. Taste of Spring, daughter of Chia Cheng by his secondary wife Chao; half sister of Pao Yu. 4. , Chia Ching, . , Shieh . CHIA - Ningkuo Yungkuo. Black Jade ( Ling), Ling Ju Hai, Ancestress. ______________________ Grief of Spring, daughter of Chia Ching, the Prince Hermit. . Greeting of Spring, daughter of Prince Shieh by his secondary wife. RELATIONS OF HE CHIA FAMILY - Living within the confines of the Ningkuo and Yungkuo estates. Black Jade (Miss Ling), daughter of Ling Ju Hai, granddaughter of the Princess Ancestress. _________________ 5. 1: Shih Ying . Yu Tsun . 2: Yangchow . Yu Tsun . 3: Ling Yungkuo. Ancestress . 4: . . A 5: Pao Yu . . A 6: Pao Yu . Ningkuo Chin Chung. CHAPTER 1: Shih Ying is carried away in a dream and receives a revelation. Amidst the toil and welter of daily life Yu Tsun finds the maiden of his heart. CHAPTER 2 : In Yangchow a high-born lady joins the company of the Blessed. In the tavern Yu Tsun learns more about his noble relatives. CHAPTER 3 : Mr. Ling gives his guest from the West an introduction to the Yungkuo palace. The Princess Ancestress takes a motherless child lovingly into her home. CHAPTER 4: An unfortunate girl finds an unfortunate suitor. A little bonze from the Temple of the Gourd acts as judge. CHAPTER 5: The spirit of Pao Yu wanders about in the Phantom Realm of the Great Void. The Fairy of Fearful Awakening vainly interprets for him in songs the Dream of the Red Chamber. CHAPTER 6: Pao Yu tries for the first time the "Play of Cloud and Rain." In the Ningkuo palace he becomes acquainted with his nephew Chin Chung. 6. 7: Pao Yu Pao Yu , . 8: Chia Cheng . . 9: Nng-kuo . Phoenix Chia Jui. 10: Phoenix . , o Chia Jui . 11: Ko Ching . Phoenix Ningkuo. 12: Pao Yu . Chin Chung . CHAPTER 7 : Pao Yu is shown the gold amulet of his girl cousin. The girl cousin is shown Pao Yu's stone. . CHAPTER 8: Chia Cheng reprimands his delinquent offspring. Ill-behaved boys create a disturbance in the school. CHAPTER 9: The Prince Hermit's birthday is celebrated in the Nng-kuo palace. The sight of Phoenix awakens carnal desires in the heart of Chia Jui. CHAPTER 10: Phoenix maliciously incites an unrequited passion. In spite of warnings, Chia Jui looks into the forbidden side of the Wind and Moon Mirror. CHAPTER 11 : Ko Ching dies and receives the posthumous title of wife of a mandarin of the fifth rank. Phoenix takes over the household management in the Ningkuo palace. CHAPTER 12: Pao Yu meets the Prince of the Northern Quietness on the road. Chin Chung enjoys himself in the nunnery. 7. 13: , Chin Chung . 14: Pao Yu . Black Jade . 16: Pearl Pao Yu . Black Jade Little Cloud. 17: Pearl Pao Yu . Little Ping Chia Lien . 18: Pao Yu . . 19: . . . CHAPTER 13 : Beginning of Spring is exalted by Imperial favor and chosen to be Mistress of the Phoenix Palace, Chin Chung sets out prematurely on his journey to the Yellow Springs. CHAPTER 14: Pao Yu reveals his talent in the Park of Delightful Vision. Black Jade is annoyed by the bite of a fly. CHAPTER 15 : On the day of the Lantern Festival the Imperial consort pays her family a visit. CHAPTER 16: One night the maid Pearl tests Pao Yu's feelings and stipulates her conditions. Black Jade makes fun of Cousin Little Cloud. CHAPTER 17: The maid Pearl sulks and takes Pao Yu quietly to task. The maid Little Ping keeps silence and saves Chia Lien from being discovered. CHAPTER 18: Pao Yu falls out with two of his cousins at the same time. Two lovers tease one another with quotations from "The Play of the Western Pavilion." CHAPTER 19: Ni the usurer proves impulsively generous when drunk. A lovelorn maid gets queer ideas about a lost handkerchief. 8. 20: . . 21: . Yang . 22: , . , . 23: Little Cloud . Gold Ring . 24: . 25: Begonia Club . Princess Ancestress . CHAPTER 20: A sorcerer bewitches the cousins. The marvelous power of the magic stone brings about their recovery. CHAPTER 21: On the Wasp Waist Bridge a lovelorn maid expresses her feelings in commonplace words. The "Courtesan Yang" startles two butterflies in the Pavilion of the Kingfisher-Blue Drops. CHAPTER 22 : The better off one is, the more one troubles about one's welfare. The more a woman is cherished and loved, the more love does she demand. CHAPTER 23: A lost unicorn amulet causes Little Cloud to expose her bare ad to the fierce sun. Gold Ring cannot get over the insult she suffers and seeks the death of honor. CHAPTER 24: The degenerate offspring experiences the pain of a paternal flogging. CHAPTER 25: The Begonia Club meets in the Hermitage of Clear Autumn Weather. The Princess Ancestress entertains the godmother from the country in the Park of Delightful Vision. 9. 26: Pao Yu . Phoenix . 27: Black Jade . Mandarin Duck Mandarin Duck. 28: Mad Robber . Cold Knight . 29: , , . , . A 30: Bright Cloud . , Bright Cloud Pao Yu . 31: Cuckoo Pao Yu . . CHAPTER 26: Pao Yu sets out to burn incense in the dust of the highway in memory of a dear departed. On the Day of the Thousand Autumns Phoenix unexpectedly turns into a vinegar barrel. CHAPTER 27: The windy and rainy mood of a gloomy autumn evening inspires Black Jade with an elegy on the wind and the rain. The maid Mandarin Duck renounces the bliss of a Mandarin Duck union. CHAPTER 28: The Mad Robber Count has improper designs and experiences a flogging. The Cold Knight sets off on a journey to avoid trouble. CHAPTER 29: The libertine, shamed and disgraced, seeks distraction in a business expedition. A superior girl practices the art of poetry, studying the best masters. CHAPTER 30: A quack doctor treats Bright Cloud with tiger and wolf medicines". Despite being ill, Bright Cloud heroically sacrifices herself for Pao Yu and mends his peacock-plume cloak. CHAPTER 31 : The waiting maid Cuckoo slyly tests Pao Yu's feelings and upsets his mental balance by hinting at a parting. A kindly aunt pacifies a lovelorn maiden with gentle words. 10. 32: Chia Lien Miss Yu. Miss Yu Cold Knight . 33: . Cold Knight . 34: Phoenix . Yu . 35: Phoenix, , . , Yu . 36: . . 37