The Growth Of Industrialism

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The Growth of Industrialism

10th Grade American HistoryGd10#1

Learning Targets:

Explain the effects of industrialization in the U.S. in the 19th century including:

Changes in work and the workplace

Immigration and child labor and their impact on the labor force

Modernization of agriculture

Urbanization

The emergence of a middle class and its impact on leisure, art, music, literature and other aspects of culture

Rise of Industrialism

What do you see in this slide?

What are the workers doing?

How was this kind of work done before machines?

How might widespread use of machines have changed American society?

Industrialism

~1877 the U.S. became industrialized

Change in production

Industry>Farm goods

New technological developments increased production

Abundant supply of natural resources

Improved transportation

Urbanization

Immigrants

Government policy-laissez-faire

suffering?

Invention and Innovation

What do you see here?

Why do builders make them so high?

What technological advancements allowed for this construction?

Why were these buildings important in terms of urbanization?

Innovation

Inventions of machines, techniques, and tools.

Alexander G. Bell

Thomas Edison

Samuel B. Morse

Eli Whitney

John Deere

Cyrus McCormick

Andrew Carnegie

Henry Bessemer

Elias Howe

Industrial Leaders

What do you see here?

What do you think these men do for a living?

How do you think industrial leaders helped industrialize the U.S.?

Industrial Giants

John D. Rockefeller

Standard Oil

Andrew Carnegie

Carnegie Steel

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Railroads

J.P. Morgan

Banking Industry

What do you think such control of industries leads to?

What types of corruption do you think developed as a result of industrialization and urbanization?

Industrialists Defend Big Business

Carnegie

Gospel of Wealth

wealth was a sign of divine approval, but a millionaire should be a trustee for his poorer brethren, bringing to their service his superior wisdom, experience, and ability to administer, doing for them better than they would or could do for themselves.

Philanthropists

Donate money for public and private works

Libraries

Music Halls

Universities

Museums

Impact of Industrialism

What do you see here?

Where are these men working?

What hazards might they face?

How would you feel if you had to work long hours here?

Living and Working Conditions

Most Americans faced hardship and suffering

Sewage problems, no heat, no water, no electricity

Diseases

Tenement Housing

Horrible Working Conditions-Dangerous

Unhealthy

Low pay

Long hours

Child labor

Change and Discrimination

What do you see here?

Describe what these workers are doing?

How old do they look?

Why would this be dangerous?

How many hours a day do you think they work?

Double-click to add graphics

Women and Children

Women paid less than men

Single and Immigrant women

Child Labor

Poverty-stricken families

~15 hours a day

Injuries common

In tobacco industries, children had sores on lips, cheeks, and hands...breathing the poison with which the room is saturated...skin diseases...poisoning by nicotine.