Ukrainian painting

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  • 1. Ukrainian Painting Galician School of Icon PaintingWith the rise of the Principality of Galicia- Volynia principality in the 13th century, aGalician tradition of icon painting arose. There was very little pressure on icon painters fromChurch authorities and they were free to followtheir own artistic intuition rather than rigid canons in creating icons. Instead of the goldbackground, they often introduced red or greenbackgrounds.

2. The chief icon painting schools in Galicia werethose of Peremyshl and Lviv. Each of them had many branches scattered throughout the Carpathian Mountains region as far west as Transcarpathia. Numerous samples of theirwork dating back to the early 15th century have been preserved. 3. Taras Schevchenko(March 9, 1814 March 10, 1861) 4. Taras SchevchenkoBorn into a serf family in thevillage of Moryntsi Shevchenkowas orphaned at the age ofeleven. He loved to draw at everyopportunity. 5. Taras SchevchenkoShevchenko went with his Russianaristocrat lord Pavel Engelhardt to Vilna(182831) and then to Saint Petersburg. Engelhardt noticed Shevchenkosartistic talent and apprenticed him in Vilnato Jan Rustem, then in Saint Petersburg toVasiliy Shiryaev for four years. 6. Taras Schevchenko There he met the famous painterand professor Karl Bryulov, whodonated his portrait of the Russianpoet Vasily Zhukovsky as a lotteryprize, whose proceeds were used tobuy Shevchenkos freedom on May 5,1838. 7. Taras SchevchenkoIn the same yearShevchenko was accepted asa student into the Academy ofArts in the workshop of KarlBryulov. The next year hebecame a resident student atthe Association for theEncouragement of Artists. 8. Taras Schevchenko At the annual examinations at theImperial Academy of Arts,Shevchenko was given a SilverMedal for a landscape. In 1840 heagain received the Silver Medal, thistime for his first oil painting, TheBeggar Boy Giving Bread to a Dog. 9. Taras SchevchenkoIn September 1841,Shevchenko was awarded histhird Silver Medal for The GypsyFortune Teller. 10. Gypsy Fortune-Teller 11. A PEASANT FAMILY 12. PORTRAIT OF A. ZAKREWSKA. 13. Kateryna 14. Taras Schevchenko In 1844, distressed by the condition ofUkrainian regions in the Russian Empire,Shevchenko decided to capture some ofhis homelands historical ruins and culturalmonuments in an album of etchings,which he called Picturesque Ukraine. On March 22, 1845, the Council of theAcademy of Arts granted Shevchenko thetitle of an artist. 15. THE BOGDAN CHURCH INSUBOTIV 16. THE VIDUBETSKY MONASTERY 17. ROMAN-CATHOLIC CHURCH IN KIEV 18. ANDRUSHI 19. Taras Schevchenko With the exception of some shortperiods of his exile, the enforcementof the Tsars ban on his creative workwas lax. The poet produced severaldrawings and sketches as well aswritings while serving and travelingon assignment in the Ural regions andareas on modern Kazakhstan. 20. Taras SchevchenkoTaras Shevchenko spent the last yearsof his life working on new poetry,paintings, and engravings, as well asediting his older works. But after hisdifficult years in exile his final illnessproved too much. Shevchenko died inSaint Petersburg on March 10, 1861, theday after his 47th birthday. 21. Landscape Painting 22. Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi (January 27, 1841 July 24, 1910) 23. Arkhip Kuindzhi Arkhip Kuindzhi was born in January1841 in Mariupol, but he spent his youth inthe city of Taganrog. He grew up in a poorfamily, and Arkhip was six years old whenhe lost his parents, so that he was forcedto make his living, working at the churchbuilding site, grazing domestic animals,and working at the corn merchants shop. 24. Arkhip KuindzhiDuring the five years, from 1860to 1865, Arkhip Kuindzhi worked asretoucher in the photo studio ofIsakovich in Taganrog. Kuindzhi triedto open his own photographersstudio, but without success. After thatKuindzhi left Taganrog forSaint Petersburg. 25. Arkhip Kuindzhi He studied painting mainlyindependently and inSt. Petersburg Academy of Artsfrom 1868.The full member since 1893. 26. Arkhip KuindzhiHe was co-partner of mobile artexhibitions Peredvizhniki, a group ofRussian realist artists who in protestto academic restrictions formed anartists cooperative, which evolvedinto the Society for Traveling ArtExhibitions. During this early periodKuinczhy felt Ivan Aivazovskysinfluence. 27. Arkhip KuindzhiIn 1872 the artist left the academyand worked as a freelancer. Thepainting Na ostrove Valaam (On theValaam Island) was the first artwork,which Pavel Tretyakov acquired forhis art gallery. 28. Arkhip KuindzhiIn 1873, Kuindzhi exhibited hispainting The Snow, which received thebronze medal at theInternational Art Exhibition in London in1874. In the middle of 1870s he created anumber of paintings in which thelandscape motif was designed forconcrete social associations in the spirit ofPeredvizhniki. 29. Arkhip KuindzhiUsing light effects and intense colorsshown in main tones, he depicted theillusion of illumination (The Ukrainiannight, 1876; Birch Grove, 1879; After athunderstorm, 1879). His later works areremarkable by decorative effects of colorbuilding. 30. A Birch Grove 31. Moonlight Night on Dneper 32. Rainbow 33. Arkhip Kuindzhi Kuindzhi lectured at theSt.Petersburg Academy of arts (Professorsince 1892; professor-head of landscapeworkshop since 1894; but he was fired in1897 for support of students protests).Among his students were artists suchas Arkady Rylov, Nicholas Roerich,Konstantin Bogaevsky, and others.Kuindzhi initiated creation of the Society ofartists in 1909. 34. Serhii Vasylkivsky(October 19, 1854 - October 7, 1917) 35. Vasylkivsky grew up in anenvironment conducive to hisdevelopment as an artist. He spenthis childhood in the picturesquesurroundings of Izyum. 36. Serhii Vasylkivsky Vasylkivskys father was a writer andtaught his son the aesthetics of propercalligraphy line, while his mother throughher folk songs set the foundation whichprovided the inspiration for Vasylkivskysart later in life. Lastly Dmytro Bezperchy,an art teacher at the Kharkiv gymnasiumand a student of Karl Bryulov, providedVasylkivsky the necessary artistic support. 37. Serhii VasylkivskyContrary to his fathers wishes,Vasylkivsky left for theSt. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts.While there, Vasylkivsky wassupervised by well known landscapepainters Volodymyr Orlovsky andMykhailo Klodt. 38. Serhii VasylkivskyHis education was supplementedwith travelling exhibitions and tripsback home. Upon graduation in 1885he travelled to Europe and NorthAfrica on a scholarship from theAcademy, painting places he visitedfrom Spain to Germany and Egypt. 39. Serhii Vasylkivsky In Paris, Vasylkivsky becamefascinated with theSchool of Barbizon. By the time, hereturned to the Academy, Vasylkivskybrought with him an exhibition ofalmost 50 art works. Critics praisedthese paintings, calling them"miniature pearls". 40. Serhii VasylkivskyThe paintings reflected theinfluence of Barbizons panoramicdepiction of space, the sky and thesilvery atmosphere of "Piere Corot". Vasylkivsky retained thesecharacteristics in his Ukrainianlandscapes. 41. Serhii VasylkivskyAfter settling in Kharkiv in 1888, hewas active in Ukrainian artistic circlesand headed the architectural and artsociety there. Vasylkivsky died at age62 in Kharkiv. 42. Serhii VasylkivskyA typical Vasylkivsky theme is anarmed horse-mounted cossack insteppes or a group of cossacks onsentry duty, travelling or resting. 43. Cossack house 44. Serhii Vasylkivsky Vasylkivsky left behind almost 3,000works of realist and impressionist art,sketches, drawings, a great number ofwhich were lost during World War II.He was the first, after TarasShevchenko, to draw upon subject matterfrom Ukraines past and completed anumber of works on historical andethnographic themes. 45. Cossack Picket 46. The Cossack Meadow 47. The Market in Poltava 48. Serhii Vasylkivsky Together with Mykola Samokysh andethnographer and archaeologist DmytroYavomytsky he collaborated on the album"From Ukrainian Antiquity" (1900). Albums of Vasylkivskys works werepublished in 1970 and 1987. 49. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky(1817-1900) 50. Ivan AivazovskyIvan Aivazovsky was born in thefamily of a merchant of Armenianorigin in the town of Feodosia, theCrimea. His parents were understrained circumstances and he spenthis childhood in poverty. 51. Ivan AivazovskyWith the help of people who hadnoticed the talented youth, he enteredthe Simpheropol gymnasium, andthen the St. Petersburg Academy ofArts, where he took the landscapepainting course and was especiallyinterested in marine landscapes. 52. Ivan Aivazovsky In the autumn of 1836 Aivazovskypresented 5 marine pictures to theAcademic exhibition, which werehighly appreciated. In 1837, Aivazovsky received theMajor Gold Medal for Calm in the Gulfof Finland (1836) and The GreatRoads at Kronstadt (1836). 53. Ivan Aivazovsky During the period of 1840-1844Aivazovsky, as a pensioner of theAcademy of Arts, spent time in Italy,traveled to Germany, France, Spain,and Holland. He worked much andhad many exhibitions, meetingeverywhere with success. 54. Ivan AivazovskyHis works were highlyappreciated by J.W.M. Turner, aprominent English landscape andmarine painter. 55. Ivan Aivazovsky In the course of his work,Aivazovsky evolved his own methodof depicting the motion of the sea from memory, without preliminarysketches, limiting himself to roughpencil outlines. Aivazovskysphenomenal memory and romanticimagination allowed him to do all thiswith incomparable brilliance. 56. Ivan Aivazovsky When in 1844 the artistreturned to St. Petersburg, hewas awarded the title ofAcademician, and becameattached to the General NavalHeadquarters. 57. Ivan AivazovskyFrom 1846 to 1848 he paintedseveral canvases with naval warfareas the subject; the pictures portrayedhistorical battles of the Russian FleetThe Battle of Chesme (1848), TheBattle in the Chios Channel (1848),Mee