USSR & Communism

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Fall of the Russian Empire & Rise of the Soviet Union

Communist Revolutions in Russia and ChinaBefore the revolutions monarchs were from a long lasting dynastyQING 1644-1912Romanov Tsars 1300s to 1918PROBLEMS economic, social class tensions, rebellions, warRevolution part 1 Dynasty fell and a provisional government took over (semi-democratic)Problems continued, Provisional government failed, radicals gained powerCivil War and Communist victory1921-1991 Soviet Union1949 - ? Peoples Republic of ChinaRussian Revolution & Communist Russia

Russia = Soviet Union = USSRTHE FALL of TSARs GovernmentPROBLEMS in Russia: lack of freedom, poor leadership, major economic problems, & food shortages.

EVENTS that challenged the Tsars authority: westernization, defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, Bloody Sunday, 1905 Revolution, & losses during World War I.

Stages of Russian Revolution1916-1917 Soldiers, rural and urban workers, & intelligentsia lead protests.

Bloodless Revolution in March 1917: the Tsar abdicated the throne and a PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT was set up.

PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT failed as Russian losses in WWI and economic problems continuedRadical movements gained support and momentum.

The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION1917 The Bolsheviks (one of the radical communist groups) and their leader, Vladmir LENIN, gained enough support and power to seize control of the government on behalf of the peopleThe BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION

CIVIL WAR: 1918 - 1920Civil War began as forces against the communists fought back. Red (Bolshevik) Army vs. White (anti-Bolshevik) Army

CIVIL WAR: 1918 - 1920The Tsar and his family were executed before the communists won and took complete control of the country.

COMMUNIST RULELand was redistributed (collectivization)Industrialization (5-Year Plans)Women gained statusMilitary was built-arms race

A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Joseph Stalin

A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Joseph Stalin

A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Joseph Stalin

Psycho!To choose ones victims, to prepare ones plan, to quench a strong desire for vengeance, and then to go to bed . . .there is nothing sweeter in the world.Josef Stalin

How bad was Stalin & his government?1 million imprisoned or exiled between 1927 to 19296 to 7 million killed by an artificial famine in 1932-19341 million executed during the ''Great Terror'' of 1937-1938 Most other estimates from reputed scholars and historians tend to range from between 20 and 60 million.15

The Gulag System

Theres Trotsky at a Lenin speech.Whered he go?17

Theres Trotsky again with Lenin.

Whered he go?18