Verb tenses - How to distinguish different verb tenses

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A verb indicates the time of an action, event or condition by changing its form according to its tense - present, past or future tenses. By Arundathie Abeysinghe Lecturer in English International Aviation Academy (IAA) SriLankan Airlines

Text of Verb tenses - How to distinguish different verb tenses

  • 1. Verb tensesVerb tenses By Arundathie AbeysingheBy Arundathie Abeysinghe Lecturer in EnglishLecturer in English International Aviation AcademyInternational Aviation Academy SriLankan AirlinesSriLankan Airlines 11Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 2. Verb tensesVerb tenses Events that can happen in theEvents that can happen in the PastPast PresentPresent FutureFuture Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 22
  • 3. Present SimplePresent Simple Where do we use Present Simple Tense?Where do we use Present Simple Tense? To describeTo describe a habita habit e.g. She gets up at 6.00 a.m.e.g. She gets up at 6.00 a.m. To describeTo describe a fact which is always truea fact which is always true e.g. He comes from Australia.e.g. He comes from Australia. To describeTo describe a fact which is true for a long timea fact which is true for a long time e.g. I live in Boston.e.g. I live in Boston. He works in a hospitalHe works in a hospital 33Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 4. Present ProgressivePresent Progressive Where do we use the present continuous form?Where do we use the present continuous form? To describeTo describe an activity happening nowan activity happening now e.g. She is swimming in the hotel pool.e.g. She is swimming in the hotel pool. To describeTo describe an activity happening around nowan activity happening around now, but, but perhapsperhaps not at the moment of speakingnot at the moment of speaking e.g. Aditya is studying engineering at universitye.g. Aditya is studying engineering at university To describeTo describe a planned future arrangementa planned future arrangement e.g. I am meeting Mr. and Mrs. Smith this eveninge.g. I am meeting Mr. and Mrs. Smith this evening 44Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 5. Present perfect.Present perfect. There are three uses of the present perfect tense:There are three uses of the present perfect tense: ExperienceExperience e.g. They have lived in Sydney.e.g. They have lived in Sydney. He has never eaten pizza.He has never eaten pizza. Change or new informationChange or new information e.g. I have bought a computer. (Last month I didnt have ae.g. I have bought a computer. (Last month I didnt have a computer)computer) Continuing situationContinuing situation e.g. She has lived here since January.e.g. She has lived here since January. Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 55
  • 6. Past simplePast simple Where do we use past simple?Where do we use past simple? To describeTo describe a past action that has finisheda past action that has finished e.g. She visited her parents last week.e.g. She visited her parents last week. She worked in France from 2009 to 2009.She worked in France from 2009 to 2009. 66Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 7. Time expressions - pastTime expressions - past simplesimple There are time expressions used with the pastThere are time expressions used with the past simplesimple She did it last weekShe did it last week last monthlast month last weeklast week ten years agoten years ago in 2009in 2009 77 Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 8. Past continuousPast continuous Where do we use the past continuous?Where do we use the past continuous? To describeTo describe a past activity that has durationa past activity that has duration e.g. She met her husband while she was studying ine.g. She met her husband while she was studying in Australia.Australia. To describeTo describe an activity that began before the actionan activity that began before the action expressed by the past simpleexpressed by the past simple e.g. He was watching TV when we arrived.e.g. He was watching TV when we arrived. To describeTo describe an activity in progress before or afteran activity in progress before or after e.g. When she woke up this morning, it was raining.e.g. When she woke up this morning, it was raining. Was she studying at 8.oo a.m.?Was she studying at 8.oo a.m.? 88Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 9. Past perfectPast perfect DescribesDescribes an action in thean action in the pastpast beforebefore another action in the pastanother action in the past e.g.e.g. The planeThe plane leftleft at 6.30 a.m. Iat 6.30 a.m. I arrivedarrived atat 6.45a.m. When I arrived, the plane6.45a.m. When I arrived, the plane had lefthad left.. Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 99
  • 10. Future SimpleFuture Simple Where do we use future tense?Where do we use future tense? PredictionsPredictions IntentionsIntentions 1010Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 11. PredictionsPredictions Auxiliary verbAuxiliary verb willwill is used in makingis used in making predictions or simple statements of fact aboutpredictions or simple statements of fact about the futurethe future e.g. Will it rain tomorrow?e.g. Will it rain tomorrow? Do you think he will pass the exam?Do you think he will pass the exam? Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 1111
  • 12. IntentionsIntentions Auxiliary verbAuxiliary verb going togoing to is used in talking aboutis used in talking about intentionsintentions e.g. I am going to watch TV when I havee.g. I am going to watch TV when I have finished my homeworkfinished my homework What are you going to have for dinner today?What are you going to have for dinner today? Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 1212
  • 13. Future progressiveFuture progressive To describeTo describe an on-going action that willan on-going action that will occur in the futureoccur in the future e.g. She will be working at SriLankan Airlinese.g. She will be working at SriLankan Airlines from next month.from next month. Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe 1313
  • 14. Future PerfectFuture Perfect Describes an action in the futureDescribes an action in the future beforebefore another action in the future -another action in the future - about theabout the past inpast in the futurethe future e.g. The planee.g. The plane will leavewill leave the airport at 6.30the airport at 6.30 a.m. Youa.m. You will arrivewill arrive at the airport at 6.45a.m.at the airport at 6.45a.m. When you arrive at the airport, the planeWhen you arrive at the airport, the plane willwill have lefthave left.. 1414Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe
  • 15. Thank you!Thank you! 1515Arundathie AbeysingheArundathie Abeysinghe