English Language Tutorials for Brasilian Students. An examination of the English Continuous Tenses. Part of the Grammar section on this website.
- 1.GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 1 | P a g e CONTINUOUS TENSES Past Continuous Forming the Past Continuous/Past Progressive The Past Continuous is formed by combining the past tense of the helping verb "to be" (was or were) with the "-ing" (or the Present Participle) form of the main verb. Construction looks like this: subject + was/were + -ing For example: "She was eating breakfast" ("eat" is the main verb and "was" is the helping verb). The Present Participle of the main verb will always be the same, no matter who or what the subject is. It's the helping verb in Past Continuous conjugation that will change according to the subject. The helping verb will be either "was" or "were" depending on the subject. TEMPOS CONTNUOS Passado Continuous Formando o Passado Continuous/Passada Progressiva O Passado Continuous formado pela combinao do passado do verbo ajudar 'ser' (era ou eram) com o '-ing' (ou o Particpio Presente) forma de o principal verbo. Construo parecido com este: assunto foi/foram - ing, por exemplo, 'ela estava comendo o pequeno-almoo' ('comer' o verbo principal e 'foi' o verbo ajudar). Construo Contnua Passada parecem a isto:
2. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 2 | P a g e sujeito + "was/were" ['foi/foram'] + "-ing" Por exemplo: "She was eating breakfast" ['Ela comia o caf da manh'] ("eat"['comer'] o verbo principal e "was" ['foi'] o ajudando verbo). O Particpio Presente do verbo principal ser sempre o mesmo, no importa quem ou o que o assunto. o verbo ajudar no Passado Contnuo conjugao que mudar de acordo com o assunto. O verbo ajudar ser 'foi' ou 'foram' dependendo do assunto. Base Form Past Continuous Translation With both regular and irregular verbs, the rule is simple... Regular verbs The past continuous requires the addition of the past tense of to be (was/were) + ing To finish Was/were finishing Acabar, terminar To stop Was/were stopping Parar To work Was/were working Trabalhar Irregular verbs Again add the past tense of to be (was/were) + ing To sing Was/were singing Cantar To buy Was/were buying Comprar 3. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 3 | P a g e To cut Was/were cutting Cortar Use "TO BE" (SIMPLE PAST TENSE) as the helping or auxiliary verb. ONLY THIS VERB IS CONJUGATED:- Use "to be" [ 'ser'] (passado simples) como a 'ajudar' ou verbo 'auxiliar'. SOMENTE ESSE VERBO CONJUGADO :- I WAS. YOU WERE. HE/SHE/IT WAS. WE WERE. YOU (ALL) WERE or YOU WERE (ALL). THEY WERE. The MAIN VERB always remains unchanged. O VERBO PRINCIPAL sempre permanece inalterado. (REMEMBER Before adding -ING, to DOUBLE the final consonants B, D, G, M, N, P, R or T after a SHORT vowel sound in the main verb, as with stopping and cutting in the examples above). If the base verb ends with an E, REMOVE it before ADDING -ING (to exercise becomes exercising). (LEMBRE-SE Antes acrescentando '-ING', para dobrar a consoantes finais 'B', 'D', 'G', 'M', 'N', 'P', 'R' ou 'T' depois de uma 'CURTA' vogal som no verbo principal, como em "stopping" ['parar'] e "cutting" ['corte'] nos exemplos acima). Se o verbo BASE termina com um 'E', remova-o antes acrescentando '-ING' ("to exercise" torna-se "exercising"). 4. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 4 | P a g e REGULAR VERBS TO APPLAUD I WAS APPLAUDING. YOU WERE APPLAUDING. HE/SHE/IT WAS APPLAUDING. WE WERE APPLAUDING. YOU (ALL) WERE/WERE (ALL) APPLAUDING. THEY WERE APPLAUDING. At the end of the concert, the audience WERE APPLAUDING for 10 minutes. TO DANCE I WAS DANCING. YOU WERE DANCING. HE/SHE/IT WAS DANCING. WE WERE DANCING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) DANCING. THEY WERE DANCING. That evening we WERE DANCING a passo dobl. 5. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 5 | P a g e TO EXERCISE I WAS EXERCISING. YOU WERE EXERCISING. HE/SHE/IT WAS EXERCISING. WE WERE EXERCISING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) EXERCISING. THEY WERE EXERCISING. As the children WERE EXERCISING, the dog WAS EXERCISING as well. TO JUGGLE I WAS JUGGLING. YOU WERE JUGGLING. HE/SHE/IT WAS JUGGLING. WE WERE JUGGLING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) JUGGLING. THEY WERE JUGGLING. The man WAS JUGGLING with red clubs. 6. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 6 | P a g e TO LAUGH I WAS LAUGHING. YOU WERE LAUGHING. HE/SHE/IT WAS LAUGHING. WE WERE LAUGHING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) LAUGHING. THEY WERE LAUGHING. Paul and Linda WERE LAUGHING at a joke hed told her. TO MEASURE I WAS MEASURING. YOU WERE MEASURING. HE/SHE/IT WAS MEASURING. WE WERE MEASURING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) MEASURING. THEY WERE MEASURING. Burtons tailor WAS MEASURING him for yet another suit. 7. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 7 | P a g e TO PAINT I WAS PAINTING. YOU WERE PAINTING. HE/SHE/IT WAS PAINTING. WE WERE PAINTING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) PAINTING. THEY WERE PAINTING. You WERE PAINTING that part of the picture yesterday. TO WHISPER I WAS WHISPERING. YOU WERE WHISPERING. HE/SHE/IT WAS WHISPERING. WE WERE WHISPERING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) WHISPERING. THEY WERE WHISPERING. Christine WAS WHISPERING a secret to Debbie. 8. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 8 | P a g e IRREGULAR VERBS TO BLOW I WAS BLOWING. YOU WERE BLOWING. HE/SHE/IT WAS BLOWING. WE WERE BLOWING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) BLOWING. THEY WERE BLOWING. The last time I showed you this picture, Rafaela WAS also BLOWING bubbles. TO DRIVE I WAS DRIVING. YOU WERE DRIVING. HE/SHE/IT WAS DRIVING. WE WERE DRIVING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) DRIVING. THEY WERE DRIVING. William WAS DRIVING while his girlfriend WAS NAVIGATING. 9. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 9 | P a g e TO EAT I WAS EATING. YOU WERE EATING. HE/SHE/IT WAS EATING. WE WERE EATING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) EATING. THEY WERE EATING. You WERE all EATING slices of a New York pizza. TO FIND I WAS FINDING. YOU WERE FINDING. HE/SHE/IT WAS FINDING. WE WERE FINDING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) FINDING. THEY WERE FINDING. Until last week I WAS FINDING nothing but rocks, but then today GOLD!!! 10. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 10 | P a g e TO KNEEL I WAS KNEELING. YOU WERE KNEELING. HE/SHE/IT WAS KNEELING. WE WERE KNEELING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) KNEELING. THEY WERE KNEELING. Rebecca WAS KNEELING in prayer. TO RIDE I WAS RIDING. YOU WERE RIDING. HE/SHE/IT WAS RIDING. WE WERE RIDING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) RIDING. THEY WERE RIDING. You WERE RIDING at the quietest time of the day. 11. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 11 | P a g e TO TAKE I WAS TAKING. YOU WERE TAKING. HE/SHE/IT WAS TAKING. WE WERE TAKING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) TAKING. THEY WERE TAKING. She WAS TAKING the minutes of the meeting. TO SWIM I WAS SWIMMING. YOU WERE SWIMMING. HE/SHE/IT WAS SWIMMING. WE WERE SWIMMING. YOU (ALL) WERE/YOU WERE (ALL) SWIMMING. THEY WERE SWIMMING. Grant WAS SWIMMING the butterfly stroke for the championship selection. 12. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 12 | P a g e PAST CONTINUOUS VERB CONJUGATION Here are some examples of conjugated Past Continuous verbs. Aqui esto alguns exemplos de verbos conjugados Passado Contnuo. 1. I was applauding. I was laughing. I was walking. I was swimming. 2. You were measuring. You were whispering. You were kneeling. You were riding. 3. He/she/it was talking. He/she/it was walking. He/she/it was dancing. He/she/it was thinking. 4. We were taking. We were finding. We were juggling. We were driving. 5. You were exercising. You were painting. You were blowing. You were taking. 6. They were swimming. They were eating. They were wearing. They were thinking. 13. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 13 | P a g e PAST CONTINUOUS VERB FORMS 1. Affirmative Usage (I was swimming. You were swimming. He/she/it was swimming. We were swimming. You were swimming. They were swimming.) 2. Negative Usage (I wasn't eating. You weren't eating. He/she/it wasn't eating. We werent eating. You weren't eating. They weren't eating.) *wasnt =was not, werent=were not+ 3. Yes/No Questions (Was I kneeling? Were you kneeling? Was he/she/it kneeling? Were we kneeling? Were you kneeling? Were they kneeling?) 4. Short Answers (Yes, I was. No, I wasn't. Yes, you were. No, you weren't. Yes, he/she/it was. No, he/she/it wasn't. Yes, we were. No, we weren't. Yes, you (all) were. No, you weren't. / No, none of you were. Yes, they were. No, they werent.) 5. W/H- Questions (e.g., When was I reading? Where were you reading? Why was he reading? What were we reading? When were you reading? How well were they reading?) 14. GRAMMAR - VERBS - CONTINUOUS TENSES 005 14 | P a g e FUNCTIONS OF PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (when to use the Past Continuous) The Past Continuous/Past Progressive verb tense has two functions. Function #1: To express an activity that was in progress at a particular time in the past or when another action happened that interrupted the first activity (the activity that was already in progress). Here are some examples: AS FUNES DO TEMPO CONTNUO PASSADO (quando usar o Passado Contnuo) O tepo do verbo Passado Contnuo/Passado Progressiva tem duas funes. Funo N 1 Para expressar uma atividade que estava em andamento em um determinado momento no passado ou quando uma outra ao aconteceu que interrompeu a primeira atividade (atividade que j estava em andamento). Aqui esto alguns exemplos: Example 1: "Last night at eleven o'clock, the teacher was still preparing his lesson plan." In this example, the teacher started preparing his lesson before eleven o'clock and was still preparing it at eleven o'clock. Example 2: "Mary was reading her favourite book when the phone rang." In this example, Mary was reading her favourite book and then the phone rang and interrupted her reading activity. She may or may not have continued reading after the phone rang. We don't know from this sentence. Function #2: To talk about two activities which were in progress simultaneously in the past. Example 1: "Jane was cooking dinner while her roommate was setting the table." Both activities were occurring simu