Viladeth sisoulath session 3 moving forward with formalizing land tenure in lao pdr

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<p>PowerPoint-Prsentation</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenurein Lao PDR15-Jun-16By: Viladeth Sisoulath and Julian Derbidge, GIZ-LMDP, Lao PDRRegional Land Forum21-23 June 2016Hanoi, VietnamMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #PRESENTATION OUTLINE15-Jun-16</p> <p>Land Issues in Lao PDRApproaches to address land issues and GIZ strategyConcept of Systematic Land Registration</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>2</p> <p>Land Issues in rural areas of the Lao PDR15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRLarge scale land acquisitionLow formal tenure securityLimited recognition of customary land tenureUnclear legal frameworkGovernment prioritizes urban and peri-urban areasLack of awareness of land rightsLimited access to and affordibility of registration and land titles</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>3</p> <p>UrbanRuralTenure insecurityGovernment priority In land titling</p> <p>Area of Communal Lands15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>Laos: 24 million ha</p> <p>Official estimate of land plotsLand used by smallholders??</p> <p>Titling Gapnationwide: 5 m ha &amp; 2.6 m plots</p> <p>Titled land: ~800,000 plots</p> <p>15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #[continued from previous slide]Because official estimates of plots may underestimate actual land in use (although we dont actually know see recommendations), the actual gap is likely to be even larger.Based on this, this presentation makes two additional points in order to facilitate further discussion on the issues involved here: first, it is going to take some time to close this gap, and there is some progress being made here; nonetheless, current and expected land conflict from investment (e.g. concessions) means that tenure needs to be addressed separately from land titling in the meantime. The rest of the presentation addresses these two points first, and then outlines four suggestions where policy action and additional research may be needed.</p> <p>5</p> <p>15-Jun-16</p> <p>Banana plantation in Northern LaosMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #Approaches to address land tenure issues15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRParticipatory land use planning (PLUP)Systematic and inclusive land registration and titlingCommunal land registration and titlingRecognition of customary land tenureStrengthening of community management rights Legal awareness raising and education</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>7</p> <p>Strategy by GIZ LMDP Laos15-Jun-16Support the National Land Policy development through the Land Sub-Sector Working Group (Round Table process), the Land Issues Working Group.Provide policy recommendations following the VGGT and from practical implementation of systematic land registration, communal land registration and quality investment promotionDevelopment of a Concept for Systematic Land RegistrationImplementation support to Participatory Land Use PlanningSystematic Land Registration and Titling</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>8</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR15-Jun-16</p> <p>Page #Concept of Systematic Land Registration15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRSystematic and inclusive: Registration of all lands, including Individual, Company, Communal, Collective and State LandsFollows the current legal framework and include future recommendationsMakes best use of existing resources available at sub-national levelIncorporates appropriate numbers of external contracted staff or volunteers to support sub-national offices in the technical workProvides clear working steps with administrative responsibilities and good work organizationMakes use of the most appropriate and tested modern technologies for surveying and data managementProvides for a clear target group orientationFollows the principles of cost-efficiencyProvides for a countrywide applicability in view of existing mandates, responsibilities and management capacities.</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>10</p> <p>Concept of Systematic Land Registration (cont.)15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRThe concept includes several packages: Capacity developmentAwareness raisingModern survey technology and cadastral database applicationStandard workflowsCost-efficient approach with perspective of sustainable funding mechanism for nationwide application</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>11</p> <p>Concept of Systematic Land Registration (cont.)15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRCapacity Development: Setup and training of master trainers, backstoppers and database administration at national and provincial levelsTraining of district field teams on (i) adjudication and work processes; (ii) use of modern surveying technology, software and database application; (iii) communication skillsTraining of village authorities and district Lao Womens UnionLessons learnt workshops and exchanges of experiences among teams implementing in different locationsEngaging academies for long term capacity development</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>12</p> <p>Concept of Systematic Land Registration (cont.)15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDRAwareness raising: Training on communication skills for the district land office and the local Lao Womens UnionAwareness raising session before the systematic land registration takes place in the village. Separate womens meeting which is facilitated by the local Lao Womens UnionOther awareness raising tools such as: Community Legal Education (CLE) and educational video spots</p> <p>Page #</p> <p>13</p> <p>Technology Package</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR15-Jun-16</p> <p>Page #Lao LandReg Window15-Jun-16</p> <p>Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #Work Organisation,Workflow and Responsibilities of SLR TeamsPhase 1: Preparation of the field work, inc. training, equipment, workplan, budgetPhase 2: Communication for systematic land registration and titling (CSLT): preparation of CSLT toolbox, materials; village meeting; womens meeting; sub-CSLTPhase 3: Implementation of surveying and adjudication activitiesPhase 4: Data entry in cadastral databasePhase 5: Conclusion of land use rightsPhase 6: Public displayPhase 7: Verification and issuing of land titlesPhase 8: Monitoring and quality controlMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR15-Jun-16</p> <p>Page #Sustainable Funding Mechanism for Countrywide Roll-Out of Systematic Land Registration </p> <p>Source of RevenueEstimated Amount in billion LAK/yearRemarksLand Survey Fees (100% for MoNRE) and Land Title Fees (currently 100% to national budget; should be returned entirely to MoNRE)2.610% of annual Land Tax8.5As much as possible, land tax should in future be collected through direct tax invoicing system based on Lao LandReg data10% of subsequent land registration fees (1% registration fee) + 5% income tax on transfers (for Min. of Finance)3.5TOTAL14.6This amount would be sufficient to fund the SLR activities and would grow in line with the expansion.</p> <p>Revenue available for land registration under the sustainable funding systemMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR15-Jun-16</p> <p>Page #Outputs through GIZ SupportGIZ programTimeframeLand plots registeredLand titles issuedLMRED+ NUIRDP2011-20149,3276,235LMDP2015-20166,0133,310Total15,3409,445</p> <p>15-Jun-16Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #15-Jun-16</p> <p>Land Titles: (from left to right)(i) Private land; (ii) Collective land; (iii) State landMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #Some milestones for the future15-Jun-16Official adoption of Concept of Systematic Land RegistrationAdoption of the National Land Policy (possibly end of 2016)Clear recognition of customary land rightsClear definition of communal landsSystematic capacity development of technical staffRoll-out of Lao LandREG in all provincesRoll out of the SLR concept in all (rural) provinces</p> <p>Page #15-Jun-16Thank you for your attention!Moving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #15-Jun-16As a federal enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development.</p> <p>Published byDeutsche Gesellschaft frInternationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH</p> <p>Registered offices, Bonn and Eschborn, Germany</p> <p>Land Management and Decentralized Planning (LMDP)c/o Lao-German House, Watnak Nyai Rd., House 247, Unit 19 Thaphalanxay Village, Sisattanak District, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDRT: +856 21 313716E: Dietmar.Herbon@giz.deI www.giz.de/laos; LMDP</p> <p>ResponsibleDr. Dietmar HerbonAuthor(s)Viladeth Sisoulath, Julian DerbidgePhoto credits GettyImages, GIZLayout GIZMoving forward with formalizing land tenure in Lao PDR</p> <p>Page #</p>

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