Text of Yr 6 Geography Units\Yr 7 Russia Chap 12\Lake Baikal
1. Lake Baikal Made by: Aleksey Ermolchev, And Adapted for WFLMS by Warren Thompson 2010
Lake Baikal is situated almost in the centre of the enormous mainland of Eurasia shaped like a narrow blue half moon.
Lake Baikal- 636 km long and 80 km wide.
- surrounded by high hills an .d is as large
336 permanent rivers and brooks fall into Lake Baikal, the largest among them is the Selenga.
The only river which flows out Lake Baikal is the Angara.
The total area of the lake is 31 470 square kilometres. The maximal depth of the lake is 1637 m, the average depth is 730 m.
Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, its without a doubt. There are 30 islands on Lake Baikal, the largest one is the island of Olkhon.
According to literary records this lake is 20-25 million years old.
9. Baikal water
Baikal water is unique and amazing as the lake itself. Its unusually transparent, clear and rich in oxygen. It was considered to be healthy and healing in old times. It was used to treat different illnesses.
In the spring the transparency of Baikal water is 40 m. It can be explained by the fact that due to the activity of living organisms dwelling there, the water in the lake is mineral and close to distilled.
The volume of water in Lake Baikal is about 23000
mega liters that makes 20% of the world and 90% of Russian supplies of fresh water.
There is more water in Lake Baikal than in all five Great American lakes taken together (22725 km3 ).
Annually ecosystems in Lake Baikal reproduce about
60 % of the clear, oxygen saturated water.
15. Lake Baikal for tourists
Today everything related to Lake Baikal causes genuine interest not only in Russia but also abroad. For the last decade Lake Baikal has become a magnet for many tourists
Baikals magnificent nature, a swiftly developing infrastructure hotels, roads, transportation ;peoples hospitality everything shows that the number of tourists will increase inthe future.
Welcome to Lake Baikal! Youll have a chance to admire its beauty and the cleanness of its water, to feel its mystic energy which this sacred Lakesea gives to anyone who comes to its banks .