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My Hometown Sustainability : Penang

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Land of origin :

Pulau Pinang



• 297 sq km

• 2 districts


• 738 sq km

• 3 districts


AREA : 1031 KM2

Penang is located in northwestern Peninsular Malaysia.

This state is divided into two parts it is island dan

Seberang Prai separated by the Straits of Malacca.

Seberang Prai is bordered:

i. Kedah in the east, and

ii. Perak in the south.

Current population (2010 Census):

• MPPP 741,300

• MPSP 868,500



• Population of Penang, Malaysia

• 1911–2005


Urbanization • Urban population of 10,000 people or more and

average increase in urbanisation rate in Penang,

Malaysia, 1911–2010


• Hamzah Sendut (1978) argued that the city of

Georgetown can be expected to coalesce

with Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam to

become the second largest metropolitan area

in the country.

• Urban agglomeration projects are expected to

continue growing from Bukit Mertajam and

affect its surrounding urbanised areas of

Kedah Darul Aman, where the Kulim High

Technological Park is located.

• According to the 2000 census data, Kulim

had an urban population of 117,455 that

increased from 58,328 people in 1991

(Department of Statistics Malaysia, 2001a).



• 35.1% of the employed population in Penang

works in the manufacturing sector

• 2000 census data indicates that 196,415, or

37.8% of the 519,117 people employed in

Penang are women

• 51.1% of the female workforce works in the

manufacturing sector

• decline in fertility rates also led to a slow

growth rate of the working age population and

labour supply


• socio-economic development and

motivation have affected the decrease

in fertility rate.

• Socio-economic development involved

increased rates of urbanisation and

industrialisation, expanded opportunities

for education and an increase in

marriage age and the number of women

working in Penang, and these have

greatly influenced the Chinese fertility

level in the state


• Crude birth rates, crude death rates and rates of

natural population increase, Penang, Malaysia 1950–



• Crude birth rates, crude death rates of

natural increase for Penang 1947–2005


• The proportion of married women by

ethnicity and age group, Penang,

Malaysia, 1970–2000


Economic base

• Percent of population at poverty level in the states in the Northern Corridor Economic Region and






Educational attainment, states in Northern Corridor Economic

Region, percent with different educational levels.


• Universiti Sains Malaysia, graduates by

field and employment status


• Assessment of quality of students graduating from

local public universities in Penang


• Enrolment first degree students, Universiti Sains Malaysia,

states in Northern Corridor Economic Region and Malaysia,



• Enrolment post-graduate students, Universiti Sains Malaysia, States in

the Northern Corridor Economic Region, 2009


Pollution Singapore Vs Penang




Waste and recycling


Zero Waste Malaysia

In collaboration with the Penang State


21 March 2013


Current situation in Penang

• The Pulau Burung landfill site receives

landfill solid wastes from Penang Island

and Seberang Perai (peat fire)

• The Ampang Jajar landfill site has been

landfill closed (leechate & demo)

• The Jelutong landfill site receives landfill

construction, inert and garden wastes

(leechate & demo)


Ampang Jajar

• 1100 tons of waste in a daily basis and

operates 24 hours every day

• waste from Seberang Perai Town

Council (MPSP) – 350 ton

• from Pulau Pinang Town Council

(MPPP) – 650 ton / day

• delivered to the station from 7 pm to 7




Pulau Burung

• started its operation since 1980

• managed by PLB Terang Sdn Bhd and

able to handle 16, 000 tons of domestic

waste every day

• width = 62.4 hectares ,maximum height

of layer =25 meters

• implements an environmental control

system: ‘holding pond’, ‘gas vent’ &

perimeter drains


• comprises solid waste

(50%), organic waste

(25%), non-organic

waste (20%) and

recyclable materials





• 2 June 2012: The Jelutong Landfill

again caught fire, sending firemen to the

site. They pumped water from the sea

to put of the fire.

• 25 May, 2012: The Penang

Government has identified Batu Maung

(2nd bridge) as the most likely site for a

new waste transfer station, to reduce

the backlog at the Ampang Jajar station

in Seberang Perai. There, the refuse will

be compressed before being shipped

across the channel to Pulau Burung.


• The ban of free plastic bags at all

Penang supermarkets.

• The ban was extended to polystyrene

(styrofoam food containers) beginning 1

January 2012

• Bagan Ajam wet market waste

composting plant


• Heng Ee High School Canteen waste

Collection (3,000 students)

• Bayan Baru Hawker Complex Food

Waste Collection

• Groundswell Static Fermentation

Process Waste to top soil


Future projects • Building more Zero Waste Communities

• Food Waste, Bulk Waste & Green Waste Recovery

using the Groundswell Process

• Food to Food - Sustainable Organic Waste

Management to Agriculture Training Centre,

Seberang Perai using the Groundswell Process

• Zero discharge system for pig farming area with

conversion of pig waste into bio-gas, compost or

algae cultivation.

• Identifying more other activities and projects for

strategies and approaches for the implementation of

the Penang’s Organic Waste Policy –such as waste

separation at source


Transport • Rapid Penang



City Shuttle Bus (CAT) - Others than

the paid buses, Penang has a free

shuttle bus or central area transit

(CAT) that is touring popular place in

George Town such as KOMTAR,

Penang road and temples.


Car Rental @ Taxis




Ferry & Cruise


Penang Bridge


• Why the horrendous traffic congestion today?

• Long term failure of Govt’s transport policies and their implementation by agencies e.g. CVLB, JPJ, Puspakom.

• Promoting cars and neglecting public transport; favouring corporate cronies.


• We are Car dependant citizens.

• We buy and maintain private motor

vehicles as a necessity, despite the cost.

• town planning culture has been based on the lack of good public transport.

• Road widening, creating one way streets and more on-street car parking for cars.

• Our car-dependant population is created by a pro-car urban environment

• Costs of sustaining infrastructure for increasing private traffic far outweigh that of subsidizing PT



• Address obstacles to efficient public

transport system

• Solve traffic bottlenecks along the


• on-street parking space for dedicated

bus lanes.

• Ensure punctuality, essential in

promoting switch in transport modes

• Bicycles, Trishaws & Padestrian

• Create cycle lanes and parking facilities.

• Better maps, signage, better designed

bus stops & GPS systems


Green Space

& Biodiversity

• Teluk Bahang National Park

• Pantai Kerachut

• Botanical Garden

• Forest Recreation Park

• Metropolitan Park

• Ayer Itam Dam

• Town Parks

• Beaches & Water Front

• Heritage Places





• Nasi Kandar Beratur

• Pasembok

• Mee Sotong Mamak

• Char Koey Teow & Koey Teow Th’ng

• Asam Laksa Air Itam

• Laksa Janggus

• Rojak Penang (Mak Bee)

• Jeruk Pak Ali


Spider Chart

Thank You