Editing techniques

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  • 1. Editing Techniques By Ben Warrington

2. What is editing? Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work. Editing is usually considered to be one part of the post production process 3. The goals of editing There are many reasons to edit a video and your editing approach will depend on the desired outcome. Before you begin you must clearly define your editing goals, which could include any of the following: Remove unwanted footageThis is the simplest and most common task in editing. Many videos can be dramatically improved by simply getting rid of the flawed or unwanted bits. Choose the best footage It is common to shoot far more footage than you actually need and choose only the best material for the final edit. Often you will shoot several versions (takes) of a shot and choose the best one when editing. Create a flow Most videos serve a purpose such as telling a story or providing information. Editing is a crucial step in making sure the video flows in a way which achieves this goal. Add effects, graphics, music, etc This is often the "wow" part of editing. You can improve most videos (and have a lot of fun) by adding extra elements. Alter the style, pace or mood of the video A good editor will be able to create subtle mood prompts in a video. Techniques such as mood music and visual effects can influence how the audience will react. 4. Continuity editing Continuity in editing just means that everything flows in a consistent, orderly, smooth, sequential manner. For example, in one frame of a movie, a man might be wearing a red shirt. In the next scene or frame, he should still be wearing the same red shirt, not a blue or green one -indicating that the shot was maybe repeated the next day and the wardrobe people forgot to have the actor wear the same shirt. 5. Jump Cut an abrupt transition from one scene to another. A jump cut is a transition between two shots which appears to "jump" due to the way the shots are framed in relation to each other. Jump cuts are usually caused by framing which is quite similar, such as these two: 6. Credits provide attribution to the staff involved in their productions. While opening credits will usually display only the major positions in a production's cast and crew (such as creators, producers, and lead actors), closing credits will typically acknowledge all staff members that were involved in the production. 7. Cross Cutting Literally, cutting between different sets of action that can be occurring simultaneously or at different times, Cross-cutting is used to build suspense, or to show the relationship between the different sets of action. 8. Cutaways A cutaway is a shot that's usually of something other than the current action. It could be a different subject The cutaway is used as a "buffer" between shots (to help the editing process), or to add interest/information. 9. Freeze frame a single frame forming a motionless image from a film or videotape. 10. Eyeline match An eyeline match is a film editing technique associated with the continuity editing system. It is based on the premise that the audience will want to see what the character on-screen is seeing 11. Flashback a scene in a film, novel, etc. set in a time earlier than the main story. Then it can jump from one time frame to another 12. Graphic Match A match cut, also called a graphic match, is a cut in film editing between either two different objects, two different spaces, or two different compositions in which an object in the two shots graphically match, often helping to establish a strong continuity of action and linking the two shots together 13. Juxtaposition the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. 14. Linear Narrative A linear narrative starts a story at the beginning, goes on through the middle, and ends at the end 15. Montage the technique of selecting, editing, and piecing together separate sections of film to form a continuous whole 16. Parallel editing A style of editing that involves cutting back and forth between two or more scenes in which the action is taking place simultaneously or in which one action is compared or contrasted with another. 17. Visual effects Visual effects are the various processes by which imagery is created and/or manipulated outside the context of a live action shot. 18. Match on action where the editor cuts from one shot to another view that matches the first shot's action.