Text of Jw lo1 -_how_do_we_analyse_film_assignment
Jonathan WardExtended Diploma In Creative Media ProductionTask - Unit 26 Film Studies L01 How Do We Analyse a Film?IntroductionThere are different ways to analyse a movie. You can compare the movie to other films oryou can generally just research into the film. Liking or disliking a film is a personal choicebut when critiquing a film you have to look deeper into whether the story was told well ornot, if it was original/unique or didnt even try to be different, if camera shots where good orbad and the sound effective - Did the film achieve its objective? There are different ways toanalyse this and I will be looking into Genre Analysis and Auteur Theory methods andexplaining the difference.Genre analysis is when you view a film placing it into a category and seeing how well thefilm fits in. A film can be assessed over many categories but the usual starting point is themewhere a film such as I am legend (Francis Lawrence Warner Bros Pictures, 2007) wouldbe classed as a disaster movie. Most films are a blend a different stories which cross genres.The popularity of genres changes, a creating a film in the correct genre can make a bigdifference to its audience appeal.Auteur Theory looks at how typical of thedirector, as author, the film is. This can bea recognisable type of film, a style offilming or the role of sound within thefilm. These films are distinctive as thoughthey have the directors stamp. Typicalexamples are the Alfred Hitchcock filmsalthough in the more general crime genrethey are instantly recognisable in the waythey are filmed, etc. to build on suspenseHitchcock becoming known as the masterof suspense. http://classicfilm.about.com/od/actorsanddirectors/a/HitchProfile.htm
Jonathan WardExtended Diploma In Creative Media ProductionTask - Unit 26 Film Studies L01Genre AnalysisThe Internet Movie Database defines the following Film Genres;Action Adventure Animation BiographyComedy Crime Documentary DramaFamily Fantasy Film-Noir Game-ShowHistory Horror Music MusicalMystery News Reality-TV RomanceSci-Fi Sport Talk-Show ThrillerWar WesternThesegenres are words which help us define the type of production made.Genre analysis looks at how well the film fits into genre we measure this using seven keyareas which are; Character Codes and Conventions Iconography Narrative Setting Themes Ideological MessageCharacter The character isnt always just a person acting in a film/story, they can bepresented in a way to display something such as powerful or weak, a character may representsomething in real life, such as James Bond (Casino Royale, Martin Campbell ColumbiaPictures, 2006; etc) where he is displaying the dominance of England.
Jonathan WardExtended Diploma In Creative Media ProductionTask - Unit 26 Film Studies L01The use of a character and their dresswithin a given location can also add to afilm for example in Crocodile Dundee II(John Cornell Paramount Pictures,1982) Dundees presence in New Yorkbrought humour to the film. However,generally the audience will expect to seea character fit into the genre of the film,seeing a cowboy in a Western film.Codes and Conventions - The codes and conventions of a movie are like a way of sayingthe typical things that happen in a movie of that genre. The sets, costumes and props allform the mise en scene. For example, Saw (James Wan - Evolution Entertainment,2004), a Horror movie.The codes of the horror genre are to usethe mise en scene to create tensioncaused by anticipation before climaxingas a monster/villain jumps out, etc.Some horror films are gruesome andshow blood and guts others are morepsychological but all specific close-upcamera shots to show the villain and usescary music to help set the scene.Iconography Iconography is used infilms quite a lot of the time, this is used tosort of symbolise the film genre out, like ina western audience expect to seerevolvers, rifles, stetsons, horses,stirrups, leathers, etc. and in horror filmsaudience expects to see maybe previousvictims, young girls and lots of blood andgore.
Jonathan WardExtended Diploma In Creative Media ProductionTask - Unit 26 Film Studies L01Narrative The film narrative is the series of events that happen that cause to effect therelationship of the film. For example in a action film, the hero always starts off powerful andthen at some point there is a downfall then at the end of the film there is a resolution andeverything resolves back to normal and usually falls in love with a girl. Its the way the filmis structured.Occasionally a vocal narrative is used toadd more emphasis and keep the filmmoving this is the case in TheShawshank Redemption (FrankDarabont Castle Rock Entertainment,1984) where Morgan Freeman providedthe voiceover.Setting The setting or location of a film is always important as towards the film genre,some locations just cannot not fit the genre as each type requires its own specific setting.For example a horror movie may be set ina deserted area or an abandoned house,like in The Shining (Stanley Kubrick Warner Bros. Pictures, 1980) where afamily become the caretakers of anisolated hotel.Action films usually in urban areas, bigcities and so on. They can use theconfined spaces for car chases and gunfights like in The Transporter (LouisLeterrier and Corey Yuen Europa Corp., 2002).
Jonathan WardExtended Diploma In Creative Media ProductionTask - Unit 26 Film Studies L01Theme - Themes in film is the conflictbetween the narratives. Revenge and loveare two themes that are used a lot but itvaries on the genre of the film, as in anaction film you may see love and revengetogether but in a horror film see onlyrevenge. Several film franchises havebeen setup based on films of reoccurringthemes such as Indian Jones with thetheme of long lost treasures and the raceto retrieve it first.Ideological Message All files have a message although some are difficult to read ormean different things to different people. This is used quite often in films to represent torelate something or someone to one another or just in real life genuinely, for example inJames Bond films he drives a really fast car which is armoured with gadgets, you could relatethis to him because bond is yet powerful and really fast and together the car and him make aperfect combination, and depending on which country the car is from, it shows the power ofthat country too.An ideological message can also showdreams, power, determination and a willto overcome adversity as in the filmApollo 13 (Ron Howard UniversalPictures, 1995) where the fate of theastronauts is determined in a near fatalmission to the moon. The message hereis to Never give up.
Jonathan Ward Extended Diploma In Creative Media Production Task - Unit 26 Film Studies L01 In order to conform to a genre certain aspects are expected: In a Western genre film, the story is usually set in the wild west of America and shows the time in the 1800s when the population started to spread into vast open spaces. Wide angle shots are used to film panoramic scenes that show the setting as a lonely and sometimes dangerous place. Topics vary such as but can be life on a ranch, cattle drives, cavalry fighting Red Indians, robberies from banks, trains or stage coaches etc. Films in this genre include, Cowboys and Aliens (Jon Favreau - Universal Pictures,2011), The Magnificent Seven (John Sturges - The Mirisch Company, 1960), Shanghai Noon (Tom Dey - Touchstone Pictures, 2000) and True Grit (Ethan and Joel Coen - Paramount Pictures, 1969).Area of Example Technical featureAnalysisCodes and Horses Close up shots to make these conventionsconventions Cowboy Hats recognisable. Echoing sounds when guns are Revolvers firedSetting Old buildings Panoramic shots of the desert, Tumble weed Desert rolling around the main street and cacti growing small town in desertsCharacter Hero- Marshall Low shots to make them seem powerful and Villains Former convicts strong. Over the shoulder shots when talking Thieves Beautiful womanThemes Revenge During a love scene, always light hearted music. Hate LoveNarrative Revenge on marshal because of N/a prison sentence to a convict
Jonathan Ward Extended Diploma In Creative Media Production Task - Unit 26 Film Studies L01Iconography Tough man representing power Always starts and ends with a wide shot of the Horses a big part of the cowboy location, with some kind of soundtrack. way of life. Steam Train because everybody is leaving on it, it also shows that steam trains have become a huge downfall in the cowboy lifestyle.Ideological Can symbolise the power ofmessage Americans and how living in America is a dream with all the success. In a Science-Fiction ge