Programme Leader, Natural Environment Recovery Prog, ECAN - Speaking at Seismics and the City 2015

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  • Planning for the recovery of the natural environment

    following the Canterbury earthquakes

    Chrissie Williams Programme Leader

    Natural Environment Recovery Programme

    Seismics and the City 27 March 2015

    First presented to the 7th Australasian Natural Hazards Management Conference,

    September 2014

  • Assessment of impacts

    Aug

    ust

    20

    11 r

    epo

    rts

    Primary / Direct

    Effects

    Secondary /

    Indirect Effects

    Tertiary / Long-

    term Effects

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Earthquake

    Spillage in warehouses - mixed products, risk of discharge to stormwater

    Trees uprooted

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Liquefaction

    Siltation in rivers

    Liquefaction volcanoes in estuary

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Lateral

    Spread

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Flooding

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Land tilt

    ~16%reduction in tidal

    prism in the estuary

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Land tilt

    change to

    water

    levels

    Tidal inundation of saltmarsh Salt-water inundation of freshwater

    wetlands

    Trees killed by salt water and high water table 1000+ trees removed

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Cliff

    collapse

    Rockfall

  • Avian Botulism outbreaks >10,000

    water birds died in last 3 years

    Assessment of

    impacts

    Secondary

    effects

    Bird

    populations

    Redistribution of birds after

    each major quake

    Cliff failure on Banks Peninsula -

    damage to seabird colonies

    Spotted Shag

    1996 = 22,000 pairs

    2012 = 7700 pairs

    Canada geese invading new habitat -

    causing nuisance

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Secondary

    effects

    Broken

    infrastructure

    Sewage

    discharge to

    rivers Spikes

    in E.coli

    levels

  • Impact

    assessment

    Secondary

    effects

    Air quality

    Changes to

    heating

    appliances

    following

    earthquakes

    Dust from silt from

    liquefaction

    Demolition and

    construction dust

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Secondary

    effects

    Solid waste

    disposal

    Burwood Resource Recovery Park Lyttelton Port reclamation

    Demolition waste = 40 years of landfill

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Secondary

    effects

    Hazardous

    household

    waste

    Asbestos

    Hazardous household waste collection and disposal

    Asbestos

    management and

    disposal

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Secondary

    effects

    Loss of

    recreation

    facilities

  • Assessment of

    impacts

    Response

    Emergency

    stopbanks

  • Natural Environment Recovery Programme

    Whakaara Taiao

    Why? - is the Natural Environment important in recovery

    How? - programme development

    What? - is in the NERP?

    What now? - implementation

    How are we doing?

  • Why is the natural environment important

    in recovery?

    Well-being

    Disaster risk reduction / management

    Legislation Civil Defence Emergency Management Act 2002

    National CDEM Strategy Canterbury CDEM Group Plan

    Resource Management Act 1991 Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Act 2011

    Recovery Strategy

    Community expectation

  • Panarchy

    Well-being

    Socio Ecological systems

    Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

    Ecosystem services

  • Toit te marae o Tne Toit te marae o Tangaroa

    Toit te iwi

    When the domain of Tne and Tangoroa are nurtured and sustained, so too will the

    people prosper and flourish.

  • Disaster risk reduction / management

  • The Hyogo Framework for Action seeks to

    encourage the sustainable use and management of ecosystems, including

    through better land-use planning and

    development activities to reduce risk and

    vulnerabilities.

    It promotes the implementation of

    integrated environmental and natural resource management approaches that

    incorporate disaster risk reduction

  • Community expectation

  • Recovery Strategy

    Natural Environment Recovery Goals

    Restore the natural environment to support biodiversity and economic

    prosperity and to reconnect people to the rivers, wetland and Port Hills by:

    Ensuring recovery activities value, protect and sustainably manage the sources of

    our water

    Ensuring ecosystems are healthy and functioning to support biodiversity and economic growth

    Improving the quality and function of estuaries, waterways and wetlands to

    support the unique biodiversity that is endemic to Te Waipounamu

    Providing safe public access to and opportunities for outdoor recreation,

    cultural, social and economic activities

    Enhancing air quality through managing recovery activities that impact on air quality, such as heating, transport, demolition and construction

    Storing, sorting and processing waste in an environmentally safe and effective manner, including minimising and recycling construction and demolition wastes

  • Area covered by NERP

    Greater Christchurch (as defined in CER Act 2011)

    Focus on areas most affected

    by the earthquakes coastal urban area lowland streams and rivers Port Hills Lyttelton Harbour/ Whakaraup

  • Vulnerability Development near

    coast, waterways

    and on Port Hills

    Centralised infrastructure

    Limited readiness Low local social

    capital

    Hazard Earthquake Liquefaction Lateral Spread Land tilt Rockfall Cliff collapse Landslide Flooding

    Disaster Risk=

    Hazard x

    Vulnerability

    Reduce vulnerability

    Increase resilience Reduce exposure to the hazard

    Disaster Risk Reduction / Management

    Primary / Direct Effects Secondary / Indirect Effects Tertiary / Long-term Effects

    Response Recovery

    Response and Recovery

    Assessment of impacts

    Pressures Population

    growth

    Urbanisation Environmental

    degradation

    Enhancement / Build Back Better

    Reduce vulnerability/ Increase resilience

  • Disaster Risk=

    Hazard x

    Vulnerability

    Primary / Direct

    Effects

    Secondary /

    Indirect Effects

    Tertiary / Long-

    term Effects

    Response Recovery

    Enhancement

    Build Back Better

    Reduce vulnerability

    Increase resilience

    Reduce exposure

    Response and Recovery

    Assessment of impacts

    Sta

    tuto

    ry F

    ram

    ew

    ork

    Str

    ate

    gic

    part

    ner

    colla

    bora

    tion

    Com

    mu

    nity involv

    em

    ent

    Litera

    ture

    searc

    h

    How was the

    programme

    developed?

    August

    2012

    Marc

    h 2

    013

  • Literature

    search

    Recovery Programmes Guidance for Programme Leaders

    International

    National

    Local

  • Canterbury Earthquake

    Recovery Act

    Natural

    Environment

    Recovery

    Programme

    Community organisations Avon tkaro Network

    Eastern Vision,

    Sport Canterbury

    Soil and Health Association

    Recovery

    Strategy

    Land Use

    Recovery Plan

    Lyttelton Port

    Recovery Plan

    Recovery

    Plans and

    Programmes

    LGA

    Greater

    Christchurch

    Urban

    Development

    Strategy

    LTPs

    Annual Plans

    Strategies

    Regional

    Implementation

    programme

    Zone

    Implementation

    Programmes

    Bylaws

    Canterbury

    Water

    Management

    Strategy

    Regional

    Policy

    Statement

    Regional

    Coastal

    Environment

    Plan

    NZ Coastal

    Policy

    Statement

    Natural

    Resources

    Regional Plan

    Proposed Land

    and Water

    Regional Plan

    District Plans

    RMA

    Iwi

    Management

    Plan

    CDEM

    Act

    Statutory Framework

  • Strategic partner collaboration

    Community involvement

    Technical Advisory Group Partner organisations

    Community - stakeholders Community organisations/NGOs, Councils, Universities, Crown

    Research Institutes, Consultants

    Stakeholder workshops October, 2012 December 2012 - facilitated by ESR. Reports at www.ecan.govt.nz/nerp

  • What is in the

    programme?

  • NERP projects

    17 projects:

    Actions Do nothing

    Prevent further damage

    Rehabilitate

    Take opportunities

    Increase resilience and sustainability

    Lead agencies and partners

    Timelines and priority

    Indicative costs

  • Programme leader position

    3-year contract

    jointly funded by ECan, CCC, WDC, SDC

    Quarterly reports on NERP progress

    Promote collaboration on projects

    Facilitate Technical Advisory Group

    Plan transition for after 2016

    What now? - implementation

  • Interim management of residential red zone

    Interim management of cleared areas

  • Community aspirations for

    residential red zone land

  • Community

    led

    feedback

    evospace.co.nz

  • Future Use of residential red zone

    CERA and

    Waimakariri District

    Council consultation

    Aug/Sept 2014

  • How are we doing?

    Collaboration

    Stakeholder involvement

    Impact assessment

    Planning to implement

    Recreation facilities

    Food resilience network

  • 010

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    80

    90

    Before theearthquakes

    After February2011 earthquake

    Dec-13 Sep-14

    Kilo

    metr

    es

    Length of Port Hills track open (km)

    Port Hills tracks open

  • Food resilience network

  • How are we doing?

    ? Speedy recovery legislation changed less community

    consultation

    ? Avoiding development in hazardous areas - priority for

    land for new housing

    ? Infrastructure - replacing like-with-like - opportunity lost

    for more sustainable and resilient systems

    ? Flood capacity vs ecological improvement

    ? Waste - reuse, recycling, separating waste at source

    ? Climate change and sea level rise

    ? Sustainable buildings

    ? Low impact design

  • So what? We should all

    Plan for recovery of the natural environment

    before a disaster that

    is integrated with other recovery planning

    involves agencies and community organisations

    anticipates the consequences of hazards on ecosystems, and identifies options for

    responding

    takes an integrated approach to disaster risk reduction and ecosystems management

  • 1. Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority 2012. Recovery Strategy for Greater Christchurch

    Mahere Haumanutanga o Waitaha. http://cdn.cera.govt.nz/sites/cera.govt.nz/files/common/recovery-

    strategy-for-greater-christchurch.pdf

    2. CCC and Environment Canterbury 2011a. Ecological effects of the Christchurch February

    earthquake on our city rivers. http://ecan.govt.nz/publications/Reports/eq-effects-summary-river-

    lowres.pdf

    3. CCC and Environment Canterbury 2011b. Ecological effects of the Christchurch February

    earthquake on our city estuary. http://ecan.govt.nz/publications/Reports/eq-effects-summary-estuary-

    lowres.pdf

    4. del Moral, R and Lawrence R. W. 2007. Environmental Disasters, Natural Recovery and Human

    Responses. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

    5. Folke, C., S.R. Carpenter, B.H. Walker, M. Scheffer, F.S. Chapin III, and J. Rockstrm. 2010. Resilience

    Thinking: Integrating Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability. Ecology and Society 15(4): 20

    http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/

    6. Godschalk, D.R. 2003. Urban hazard mitigation: Creating resilient cities. Natural Hazards Review.

    4(3), 136-143.

    7. Gunderson, L. 2010. Ecological and human community resilience in response to natural

    disasters. Ecology and Society 15(2): 18. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss2/art18/

    References

  • 8. IRP and UNDP 2010. Guidance note on recovery: Environment

    http://www.unisdr.org/files/16772_16772guidancenoteonrecoveryenvironm.pdf

    9. IUCN 2006. Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters: An integrated approach to disaster risk

    management https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/CEM-004.pdf

    10. Mainka, S. A., and J. McNeely. 2011. Ecosystem considerations for post disaster recovery: lessons from

    China, Pakistan, and elsewhere for recovery planning in Haiti. Ecology and Society 16(1): 13.

    http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss1/art13/

    11. NZ Government 2011. Rena Long-term Environmental Recovery Plan.

    http://mfe.govt.nz/publications/hazardous/rena-recovery/rena-long-term-environmental-plan.pdf

    12. Renaud, F.G., Sudmeier-Rieux , K .and Estrella, M. (Editors) 2013. The Role of Ecosystems in

    Disaster Risk Reduction. United Nations University Press. http://unu.edu/publications/books/the-role-

    of-ecosystems-in-disaster-risk-reduction.html#overview

    13. UNEP 2008a. Environment and Disaster Risk: Emerging Perspectives.

    http://www.unisdr.org/files/624_EnvironmentanddisasterriskNov08.pdf

    14. UNEP2008b. Environmental Needs Assessment in Post-Disaster Situations: A Practical Guide

    for Implementation http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_PDNA_draft.pdf

    15. UNISDR Publications. http://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/publications

    16. UNISDR 2005. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and

    Communities to Disasters. http://www.unisdr.org/files/1037_hyogoframeworkforactionenglish.pdf

    References

  • www.ecan.govt.nz/nerp

    http://cera.govt.nz/recovery-strategy/natural-environment

    Contact

    Links

    Chrissie Williams

    Programme Leader

    Natural Environment Recovery Programme

    Environment Canterbury, Christchurch

    chrissie.williams@ecan.govt.nz

    nerp@ecan.govt.nz

    Ph. 027 702 7457

    Natural Environment Recovery

    Programme