Various Natural disasters

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  • EXAMPLES OF NATURAL DISASTERS

  • Land movement disasters Land movement disasters are disasters that occur on land. Some land movement disasters are earthquakes, avalanches, volcanic eruptions, wildfires, landslides and many more.

    Water DisastersWater Disasters are disasters that occur in water such as oceans, rivers, lakes, etc.Some types of water disasters are droughts, tsunamis, tidal waves, floods, and many more. Weather Disasters Weather disasters are disasters that occur with the weather and causes changes in the weather. Some types of weather disasters are tornadoes, cyclones, hurricanes, blizzards, lighting, thunderstorms.

  • Rain :natural phenomenon

  • A simple mountain

  • The natural calamities are:-

    Flood

    Earth quake

  • Flood

  • What is FloodA flood is an overflow of an expanse of water.

    Flooding may result from the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake.

    Due to snow melt.Whole city is flooded

  • Flood SafetyDont go to flooded area by vehicle.

    Keep a portable radio.

    Emergency cooking equipment.

    People who live in frequently flooded areas should store materials such as sandbags, plywood, plastic sheeting.

    Wait for rescue operation

  • What to do during a floodBe aware of the likelihood of flooding.Listen to the radio or television stations for information.If local authorities issue a flood watch, prepare to evacuate.Do not walk through moving water.Do not drive into flooded areas.If flood water rises around your car and you cannot drive out, abandon your car and move to higher ground.

  • What is an EarthquakeAn earthquake is a sudden violent motion of the earth

    For a short time, within a very limited region.

  • Damage to emergency servicesDamage hospitals

    Damage overhead water tank.

    Disruption of electricity.

    Damage of bridges + Hospital +Bridge

  • Coping with an earthquake

    Keep calm.

    Stay away from almirah, heavy items etc.

    If you are caught indoors at the time of an earthquake:-

  • Stay away from glass windows, mirror etc.

    Do not rush towards the doors or staircase. They may be broken or jammed.

    If you are caught indoors at the time of an earthquake:-

  • Get under a table or a bed so that you are not hurt by falling objects.

    If you are caught indoors at the time of an earthquake:-

  • If open space is available nearby, go there.

    Keep away from tall chimneys, buildings, balconies and other projections.

    If you are caught outdoors at the time of an earthquake:-

  • Do not run through streets; hoardings or lamps may fall on you.

    If you are caught outdoors at the time of an earthquake:-

  • After the earthquake

    Switch off all appliances like the refrigerator, TV or radio. Turn off the gas.

  • Check if you or anyone else is hurt. Use first aid at least on the cuts and bruises.

  • Consult architecture and engineer to construct special structure for houses, bridges, dams, etc from the effect of earthquakes.

  • What are the other natural calamities?TSUNAMI

  • A series of waves generated by an undersea disturbance. From the area of disturbance, the waves travel outward in all directions Drowning is the most common cause of death due to a tsunami Tsunami

  • What to do during a tsunamiListen to the radio or television for local information.Stay away from the area until authorities say it is safe to return.Do not go to the shoreline to watch for a tsunami.

  • Drought

  • Droughts

    Droughts are long period of extremely dry weather when there is not enough rain for the successful growing of crops or the replenishment of water supplies.

  • Volcano

  • volcano Eruption

    A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a reservoir of molten rock below the earths surface.When the pressure from gases and molten rock become strong enough to cause an explosion, eruptions occur.Most injuries and deaths are due to ash falling rocks, landslides, and floods.

  • Forest fire