커피에 대한 대부분 지식 정리

  • View
    2.304

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

커피에 대해 공부하며 정리한 자료

Text of 커피에 대한 대부분 지식 정리

  • 1. & Coffee Culture Cafe

2. Coffee!Coffee! CafeCafe ( ) KaffaKaffa ( ) CaffeCaffe ( ) KahwehKahweh ( ) KaffeeKaffee ( ) KopheKophe ( ) - - ( ) KoffieKoffie ( ) KawaKawa ( ) CoffeeCoffee ( ) CapheCaphe ( ) KavaKava ( ) 3. CoffeeCoffee Abyssinia(Ethiopia) . Ethiopia Arabia . 4. CoffeeCoffee 800 Kaldi . Kaldi . . 5. Sufi CircleSufi Circle CoffeeCoffee Sufi circle . qahwah . qahwah Sufi . Sufi . 6. CoffeeCoffee . 15 . 18~19 , , . . Caf . 7. CoffeeCoffee . 1895 . (Karl Ivanovich Waeber) . . . ( ) . " " . 8. Coffee CenturyCoffee Century . 18~19 . , . , , . . 9. Coffee BeltCoffee Belt Coffee Belt 15~30 , 1500~4000mm . 10. Coffee Cherry,Coffee Cherry, 11. Coffee BeanCoffee Bean ( ),, Coffee Cherry->Parchment->Green Bean( )->Coffee Bean( )->Grinded Coffee( ) -> Brewed Coffee 12. Coffee BeanCoffee Bean / : 9 ~3 4 ~5 (8 ) / : (Strip Picking) : - (Selective Picking) : - 1 50~100kg , 20% ( 10kg~20kg) : 13. Coffee BeanCoffee Bean 14. Coffee BeanCoffee Bean (Natural Coffee) (Washed Coffee) (Pulped Natural Coffee) , , , , , - , , : 12~14 : 11~12% : 6~7 , . : 8~9 15. (Natural Coffee) 16. (Washed Coffee) 17. (Pulped Natural Coffee) 4. . 18. (Instant Coffee) 1. ( ) 2. ( : / ) 3. . . . (Granule Coffee) . . 40 . . 19. (Instant Coffee) 4 Kraft foods, Nestle,Kraft foods, Nestle, Proctor Gamble(P&G),Proctor Gamble(P&G), Sara leeSara lee 4 Maxwell House,Maxwell House, Nescafe, Folgers,Nescafe, Folgers, Douwe EgbertsDouwe Egberts Nestle 3900 . 20. (Flavored Coffee) (flavored coffee) . 1970 . 25-49 , , . . , , , . . 2-3% , , , , . 100 . 21. (Flavored Coffee) 22. (Decaffein Coffee) 1820 1 , Sanka . 1( ) : , , , ( .) . 2 ( , ): . . . FDA 23. (Decaffein Coffee) 3( ) : 70 . . , . 3( ) : . ( ) . . . 24. (Decaffein Coffee) 25. Cherry Coffee 26. Coffee (Green Bean) (Picking) (Roasting) (Grinding) (Brewing) ( ) ( ) (Ibrik, Cezve) (Percolator) (French Press) (Hand Drip, ) (Cyphone. ) (Coffee Maker, ) (Espresso, ) (Coffee Brewer, ) (Mocha Pot, ) (Biggin Pot) (Roaster) / / Coffee MasterCoffee Master Coffee MasterCoffee Master RoasterRoaster RoasterRoaster BaristaBarista BaristaBarista (Dutch Coffee) 27. CoffeeCoffee 28. (Roaster) 29. (Self Made Roaster) 30. (Grinder) (Hand Mill) 31. (Hand Mill) 32. , . , , , , ( ) . . (Server) 33. . . , , , . . . . (Coffee Pot) 34. Kalita( 3), Hario( 3 1), Melita( 1), Kono( 1), Dunkin( ), Donut( ) Kalita , Kono Melita (Dripper) Melitta Aroma Kono Dunkin DonutMelittaKalita Hario Hario 35. 1908 Melitta 1 3 Kalita . . Melitta Dripper 36. Melitta Aroma 37. Kalita ( ) 3 . (Rib) . . . . ->1~3 . Kalita Dripper 38. & 1 (Rib) / 3 / Kono Dripper Kalita Kono 39. Hario 3 1 . 1 (Spiral) (Rib) Kono . , . http://www.hario.co.jp/mpg/hario01_03.mpg Hario Dripper 40. Dripper 41. Dripper 42. (Paper Filter) Kono ( ) MelittaKalita ( / / ) Drip Coffee 20 . , . Natural(Brown) (Oxygen-whitened paper) . 43. (Flannel) Dripper . , . . 44. Kalita Dripper 45. Kalita Dripper 46. Kalita Dripper 47. Kalita Dripper 48. (Flannel) Dripper 49. (Flannelet) Dripper 50. (Flannelet) Dripper 51. (Flannelet) Dripper 52. Kono Dripper 90 ~ 85 1 1/3 . . 2 . 2/3 . 3 . . : . . 53. (French Press) (French Press) 1950 (Boudom) . 1933 . (Melior), (Plunger Pot), (French Press) . . 54. (French Press) 85~95 . 4 . . , . . . 55. (Espresso) 56. (Espresso) . , . (Espresso) ' (express)' ' ' (demitasse) . . . 1906 , 9 , 90 20 30 . 3 . , , . . ( ) . (crema) : . . 2-4mm 2 . 57. (Espresso) 58. (Espresso) : : 1 : 2 ' : : : . . 59. (Espresso) 60. (Espresso) 10 1. (Crema) : , , ( ), ( ) 2. (Portafilter) 3. 4. 5. : 25~30 , . 6. : . 7. . 8. : 1 ,7 , 30 , , 1 9. , . 10. . 61. 62. 63. 64. (Tampping) 65. (Tampping) 66. (Tampping) 67. (Mocha Pot) 9 1.5-3 . 4 -7 . . . . . . . 68. (Mocha Pot) 69. (Mocha Pot) 70. (Mocha Pot) 71. (IBRIC) 1520 , . . . (IBRIC) . (Cezve) . , (IBRIC) . 80% 1 4~5g . . . Cezve IBRIC 72. (Dutch Drip/Water Drip) . . (8 ) . , 1 . . . 8 . 73. 74. (Syphon Coffee) 75. (Syphon Coffee) 76. (Syphon Coffee) 77. Santos 78. ! , , , . . 79. ! ? 80. ! ? Acidity : ( ) Astringent : Bland : , Buttery : Caramelly : Delicate : Delicious : Dirty : Earthy : Ferment : Fine : Flat : , Fruity : Full : Exquisite : Heavy : Harsh : Herby : Light : , Mild : Balanced Mellow : Muddy : Musty : Neutral : , Nutty : Pungent : Rio : Rioy : Smooth : Soft : Sour : , Smoky : Strong : Spicy : Sweet : Tang : , Thin : Winey : Aroma : Bouquet : , , Flavor : - Taste : Body : , 81. ! 82. : - , . 8 : . . . : ( ) . . , , . : . . 60 . : . : . : / . . , . : . 83. 84. 85. 86. 13~16% 10~11% . . . 50~80% . . . 1~1.2% 1.6%~1.9% . . . . , . . 3~4 . 30 2~3 . . 87. ( ) . . . . . . 94~82 2 2 . 71~60~48 10 . 6.7% 8.5% ( ) 7% 1/3 1/2 . , , . . . (acid) . ( , ) . 5 5 88. . (Maillard) ( ) . , , , , , , , , . . . . . . . 89. (Maillard Reaction) 90. (Maillard Reaction) 91. (Maillard Reaction) 92. (Coffee Roasting) 93. , . 40-108mg 5-6 . (50% ) kg 200mg , 60kg 12g . 10~12 , 1% , 100 . (30 ) ( , , , , ) . 6 50% . 3-4 . , . 1958 FDA . . . . , . 94. . . , 10% . , . . . . . . . . . . 95. ( ) 96. 97. 1. . ( 4 .) 2. 350ml , 250ml . 3. ( ) . . 4. . 5. 40 . . . . 6 . . 65~70 7. , . 98. 1. ( ) . 2. ( ) . 3.1 : . 3 . 4.2 : . . 5.3 : 2/3 . 6.4 : . : 99. 2 5 21% 100. (Caf Pin) 101. 102. (Coffee Roasting) 103. (Coffee Roasting) 104. (Coffee Roasting) 105. (Coffee Roasting) 106. (Coffee Roasting) 107. (Coffee Roasting) 108. (Coffee Roasting) 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. , 131. 132.