Presentation by Prof. Ragnar E. Lofstedt, Kings College, United Kingdom. The workshop on “Learning from crises and fostering the continuous improvement of risk governance and management”, jointly organised with the governments of the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, was held in Oslo, Norway on 17-18 September 2014. More information is available at www.oecd.org/gov/risk/high-level-risk-forum-oslo-workshop-2014.htm
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1. Office of Emergency Planning Ireland Ciarn Desmond Assistant Principal Officer email@example.com
2. September 11th 2001 A catalyst event for global emergency planning
3. Questions asked in Ireland in 2001 Could it happen here? Are we prepared? Is there a National Disaster Plan? Who is in charge of emergency/crisis management ? Who is responsible for communicating with the public during an emergency/crisis?
4. Review of Emergency Planning Oversight & Assessment in Ireland The obligation to exercise oversight in relation to peacetime emergency planning was placed with the Minister for Defence, through the Office of Emergency Planning. Government decision (Ref. S180/46/01/0002)
5. Chaired by the Minister for Defence Provides active political leadership of the emergency planning process Facilitates government oversight of emergency planning in Ireland (All Government Departments are represented and some key Public Authorities) Facilitates contact and coordination between Government Departments/Agencies (Builds trust which is invaluable when they have to work together in an emergency/crisis) Oversees all emergency planning to ensure: the best possible use of resources compatibility between requirements Meets every 6 - 8 weeks or in a National Coordination formation during an Emergency/Crisis A Government Task Force (GTF) on Emergency Planning was established
6. GTF Subgroups Chaired by OEP Risk Manages and updates the National Risk Assessment for Ireland Monitors any changes in the risk environment, and Reviews the Roles and Responsibilities and Strategic Emergency Planning Guidance CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear) Reviews the Protocol for Responding to Malign CBRN Incidents Reviews associated Standard Operating Procedures Flood Warning and Communications Flood Forecasting and Warning Systems Broadcasting Protocol Social Media National Framework for Emergency Management
7. Government Minister for Defence Government Task Force on Emergency Planning (Chaired by Minister for Defence) Inter-Departmental Subgroups (Chaired by OEP or the Lead Dept.) Office of Emergency Planning (OEP) (Coordination & Oversight) Departmental Press & Information Officers Lead & Support Departments and certain public authorities Departmental / Interdepartmental Structures & Expert Committees Government Information Service National Strategic Structures for Emergency Planning National Security Committee Logistically supported by the Government Secretariat, Department of An Taoiseach (Prime Ministers Office) and by the Lead Government Department in respect of policy.
8. Emergency Management in Ireland To be replaced by a National Framework in 2015 2004 2011 The MEM is for the main PRAs, i.e. the Garda (Police), Health Service Executive and Local Authorities 2006 2010 Nationally Regionally and Locally
9. Summary of Key Lead Roles & Responsibilities Emergency/Incident Lead Department Emergency/Incident Lead Department Infectious Animal Diseases, Feedstuff Contamination, Food Safety D/Agriculture, Food & Marine Explosive Ordnance, National Security (including terrorism), Water Rescue Inland, Public Order/Crowd Events D/Justice and Equality Tsunami & Earthquake warnings, Communications Services, ICT, Cyber Attacks, Energy D/Communications, Energy and Natural Resources Public Health Emergencies, Pandemic Influenza, Biological Incidents D/Health Nuclear, Hazardous Materials, Radioactive Contamination, Environmental Pollution, Severe Weather, Flooding Response, Coastal Erosion, Water Supplies, Fire, Landslide Response, Building Collapse/Accidental Explosions D/Environment, Community and Local Government Aviation Security/Terrorist Incident, Railway Accident, Major Road/Infrastructure Accident, Marine Search and Rescue, Shipping Disasters, Marine and Coastal Pollution, Marine Emergencies. D/Transport, Tourism and Sport
10. How do we position policy reform without a crisis to trigger change? By use of regular exercises and training with lessons learned used to provide recommendations to Government. By following International best practice and taking on-board guidance from the EU, the OECD and others. By ensuring that emergency planning and risks are regularly reviewed on a cyclical basis - Locally, Regionally & Nationally. By being transparent with our reviews, reports and recommendations.
11. The EU Council Conclusions on a community framework on disaster prevention within the EU were adopted on 30 Nov 2009 Emphasised hazard and risk identification, analysis and assessment as major components of EU disaster management. Invited Member States to develop national approaches to risk management, and To make these available to the EU Commission for the development of an overview of the major risks the EU may face in the future Examples: The EU & National Risk Assessment
12. Led to a wide level of consultation through the GTF with all Government Departments/Agencies in 2012 and with some EU Member States The process adopted was based upon the risk assessment methodology outlined in the Framework for Major Emergency Management and more specifically in the Guide to Risk Assessment in Major Emergency Management Government Departments/Agencies engaged in workshops and focus groups, in collaboration with Dublin City University, to analyse/identify National risks. Approved by Government in 2013 and managed on an ongoing basis by a GTF Sub-group on Risk. See: www.emergencyplanning.ie and www.mem.ie Impact on the National Risk Assessment for Ireland
13. Assessment of the likelihoods (probability) of the hazard occurring. Examination of the potential impacts (severity of consequences to life and health, property and infrastructure, and the environment) of the hazards identified . Impacts were assessed on the basis of reasonable worst case scenario. The impact and likelihood criteria were specifically outlined based upon the agreed classification system in the Guide to Risk Assessment in Major Emergency Management (See Sections 4.2 and 4.3 of the NRAI). On impacts, the assessment criteria were scaled up in order to reflect emergencies requiring national (rather than regional) coordination. National Risk Assessment for Ireland Methodology
14. National Risk Matrix All Hazards A: Flooding & X: Cyber Incident are High Impact and High Likelihood, which require priority.
15. Ireland Dept. of Taoiseach Draft NRA The Prime Ministers Office initiated a wider National Risk Assessment consultation process in April 2014 .
16. How international cooperation supports our national processes By providing incentives to review processes, such as: Impact of EU Civil Protection Legislation EU National Risk Overviews Assessment of Risk Management Capabilities Possible Peer Reviews (such as OECD) By providing access to International Best Practice OECD Toolkit, EU Guidelines and International Standards
17. Systematising the learning processes beyond ad-hoc post event reviews in Ireland The generic Irish approach applied after each Emergency/Crisis and during post Exercise Reviews ANNEX D:
18. Guidelines for Coordinating a National Level Emergency Response Key step