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  • 1. Zeng Chuanni06411260 Huang Wei06951710 Chen Zhen06409610 Liu Qian06410350 Xu Chenyan06411000 Com5520D Applied Communication Research MSc in New Media, April 2007 Hong Kong Mainlander Baby Boom

2. 1. Introduction

  • Mainlander baby boomrefers to the tremendous increment of babies born by mainland pregnant women in HK.
  • Theimpactsof mainlander baby boom aremulti-faceted .
  • Most of theattentionconcentrates predominantlyon its negative impacts .

( ) 10,128 26,132 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 2001 2006 3. 4. New Regulations HKSAR Adopt 1. Introduction

  • Starting from 1st February, mainland women who are not allowed to enter HK if they aremore than seven months pregnant without HK hospitals confirmation
  • Increasingthe minimumfeefrom$9,000 to $39,000
  • Booking systemto ensure local pregnant women have priority to proper obstetric services.

5. Reasons for Reinvestigation

  • Media Bias
  • Ill Research Methodology
  • No Studies on Comparison between mainland and HK pregnant women

1. Introduction 6. 2.1 Origins2. Background

  • The mainlander baby boom today can be traced back to a case back in 2001 known as the Chong Fung Yuen case.

2.2 Motives Behind

  • Dodge of the family-planning policy in mainland
  • The automatic permanent residence status of the baby

7. 2. Background

  • Positive
  • Stimulating the growth of medical revenue.
  • Increase birth rate
  • Negative
  • Short-term:
  • Occupation of the public medical resources
  • Risks of hospitals
  • Financial pressures
  • Long-term:
  • share the public welfare resources
  • cannot help solve the low birth-rate fundamentally
  • We challenge some of these conclusionsbecause they are ill in logic.

2.3 Impacts & Population Opinions 8.

  • 2.4 Research Questions
  • Five Aspects
  • Reasons
  • Attitude
  • Impacts
  • Choices
  • Solutions

2. Background 9. 3. Research Method data was collected using survey questionnaire (two types) * To make a comparison between mainland and HK pregnant women, two types of questionnaires were designed in advance. One is both for group2 and group3, while the other is for group1

  • Target categories of people
  • come from mainland
  • now in mainland
  • some are determined to give birth in the mainland while others don't exclude the possibility of giving birth in HK

Mainland pregnantwomenoutside HKGroup 3

  • come from mainland
  • now in HK
  • decide to give birth in HK

Mainland pregnantwomen in HKGroup 2

  • HK residents

HK pregnant womenGroup 1CharacteristicsSubjects Group Name 10.

  • Survey Methods:
  • mainly inface to face
  • online survey as supplement

online Face to face 3. Research Method 11.

  • Research Time: 27,Jan,200721,April,2007
  • Sample Structure:

Total :107 subjectsAvailable :104 subjects 3. Research Method 41 / 39.42% Mainland pregnant women outside HK Group 3 22 / 21.16% Mainland pregnant women in HK Group 2 41 / 39.42% HK pregnant women Group 1 Number / ProportionSubjectsGroup Name 12.

  • Guangdong Province
  • 3 21
  • 3 22
  • 3 25
  • 3 26
  • 3 19
  • accidental samplingin street
  • snowball sampling
  • Hong Kong
  • 3 16 3 20
  • 3 30 4 2
  • 4 10
  • 4 1
  • baby ( 3 17
  • accidental samplingin street
  • snowball sampling

3. Research Method

  • Channels of Survey

13. Hong Kong Baptist Hospital 3. Research Method 14. 3. Research Method

  • Preliminary Investigation
  • 1st Round: Pilot study(content validity)
  • Feedbacks:
  • Some questions using the term coined by media tend to be confusing.
  • For pregnant women, the questionnaire is too long to finish.
  • Some expression is not consistent with what HK people use.
  • Some questions involve researcher bias.
  • 2nd Round:
  • Neither confusing problems nor questionnaire length control failure occurred

15.

  • Part One
  • (Frequency Analysis)

Reasons Attitudes Impacts Choices Solutions

  • Part Two
  • Correlation
  • Cross-tabulation
  • Analysis

Income Relatives Pregnant Time VS Possibility ofGiving birth in HK After Born Problem VS Choices 4. Data Analysis Prince of Wales Hospital 16. 4.1 Reasons

  • Question 1
  • Question 2

Part One 17. 4.1 Reasons

  • Question 3
  • Question 4

Part One 18. 4.1 Reasons

  • Question 5
  • Question 6

4.2 Attitudes Part One 19. 4.2 Attitudes

  • Question 8
  • Question 7

Part One 20. 4.2 Attitudes

  • Question 10
  • Question 9

4.3 Impacts Part One 21. 4.3 Impacts

  • Question 11

Part One 22. 4.3 Impacts

  • Question 12

Part One 23. 4.3 Impacts

  • Question 13

Part One 24. 4.4 Choices

  • Question 14
  • Question 15

Part One 25.

  • Question 16

4.4 Choices Part One 26. 4.5 Solutions

  • Question 17

Part One 27.

  • Question 18

4.5 Solutions Part One 28.

  • Question 19

4.5 Solutions Part One 29.

  • Question 20

4.5 Solutions Part One 30. 4.6 Family Income VS the possibility of giving birth in Hong Kong Part Two Part Two 31. 4.7 Having Relatives VS the possibility of giving birth in Hong Kong Part Two 32. 4.8 Pregnant Time VS the possibility of giving birth in Hong Kong Part Two 33. 4.9 After Born Problems VS Choices Part Two 34. 5.5 New Policies and Solutions 5.2 Attitude toward Mainland Pregnant Women Influx5.3 Impacts of Mainland Pregnant Women Influx 5.4 Choices of the Mainlander Pregnant Women 5.1 Reasons behind the HK mainlander baby boom 5. Findings 35. 5. Findings

  • The biggest attraction to give birth in HK is the permanent residency status and advanced medical service rather than dodging one-family-one-child policy.
  • Travel and service agencies for mainland pregnant women to give birth in HK are not playing a big role in the subject matter.

5.1 Reasons5.2 Attitude

  • Most HK pregnant women are against the mainland mothers
  • flooding into HK.
  • The overwhelming majority of mainland pregnant women are either
  • in favor of it or taking a neutral stand.
  • Majority of the respondents from all the three parties think this
  • phenomenon is going to last for a long time.

36. 5. Findings

  • Many local pregnant women think that the local media should have given more reports covering the rights and situations of mainland pregnant women during their stay in HK.

5.3 Impacts

  • Most respondents from all three parties agree
  • that the mainlander baby boom in HK damages
  • the rights of local pregnant women.
  • The biggest complaint from local mothers is that
  • many mainland pregnant come to HK hospitals
  • without pre-delivery checkup which increases the risk of hospitals.
  • Many HK women believe it can increase birth rate or buffer
  • HKs population aging problem, while mainland not.

37. 5. Findings 5.4 Choices

  • The appeal for mainland mothers to givebirth in Hong Kong is still very strong though
  • new measure issued by HK government.
  • Majority of mainland pregnant women will
  • take the children back to mainland and then
  • come back to HK for education.

5.5 New Policies and Solutions

  • Hong Kong pregnant womens feedback toward
  • this new policy is quite positive.
  • Most mainland pregnant women believe that
  • booking ahead for a hospital within 7 months
  • of pregnancy is effective but raising the obstetric package charges not so forceful.

38. 5. Findings

  • Most HK pregnant women expect the government to modify Article 24 ofthe Basic Law
  • Expect that the mainland central government cooperates with the HK government to resolve the problem joint-handedly.

39. 6. Limitations Sample size D rawbackof face-to-face research Sampling m eth od 40. 6.1 Sample Size is Small Target size: 60 Actual size:107