HR management in Nepalese School Management

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HR Practices in Nepalese Education Context Laxman SharmaKUSOED, Nepal23 Jan, 2015Human Resourcesis associated with peoples dimension of Management

Developing their skills Acquiring their services Motivating them to high level of performance Ensuring and Maintaining their commitments OrganizationObjectives123 Chronology of HR Practices in Nepalese Schools Teachers Selection (Ed Act, 1971, Inserted by 7th Amendment ) 11 (b) A Teacher Service Commission- Recommends to appoint and to promote teachers in the vacant positions of community schools approved by GoN. 11 (c) To select suitable candidate (1) Open competitive written examination, (2) Interview, (3) Practical examination. ( If/f /necessary)11 (d) Collect data from DEO annually before advertisement and is to recommend for appointment or promotion within 6 months of advertisement.Still hanging on the temporary teachers issues Teaching Licensing 11(M). (1) No one shall be the candidate for the post of a teacher without obtaining teaching license from the Commission.(2)But for the working teachers: 5 years temporary license2 years temporary license for Eng, Math's and Science teachers in the remote area where there is no availability of licensed candidate. (Education Act, 7th Amendment)

Teachers Qualification Minimum Qualification of the teachers will be Basic Level: PCL/HSEB PassSecondary Level: For 9-10: Bachelors DegreeFor 11-12: Masters Degree For the Principals For Basic Levels: B Ed, Bachelors Degree Plus TrainingFor Secondary Levels: M Ed or Masters Degree Plus Training For the teachers having higher than minimum qualification will have opportunities of quick level up. Inclusion will be uppermost Policy ( Source: SSRP)

Teachers Management and Development in SSRP Teachers selection/recruitment will be decentralized to the school level/local government. Two professional streams will be developed in the basic / secondary levels.Minimal qualification of the teachers will be raised.A directory to fulfill the minimum rights and benefits of the teachers will be formulated from the central level.Accountability towards the learning of the students via schools. Contd.Teachers Development

Teaching Practices in the formal Education Degree ( Plus Two, B Ed and M Ed) On the Job orientationRosters trainings by ETCsTeachers Professional development (TPD) courseHead teachers leadership TrainingsDistance ( Radio / TV ) Others, ICT etc TPD Features Demand baseContinuousDecentralized Trainings

Trainings

Trained Teachers

Labour and Trade Unions Act of 1992Applies to any org. which employees 10 or more workersCompulsory Job classified, Employment Contract , Workers file 48 Working hours/per week, Overtime one and half of the regular salaryThe act stipulates Employers to provide welfare funds, compensation in case of accident, a pension scheme, medical insurance and other social benefits. Permits strikes- Management has an opportunity to halt a strike.Provision for the settlement of grievances. Labour office - resolution of the conflict, appeals to the Labour Court High turn over shows system of collective bargaining has not yet evolved.Source: Adhikari and Muller Human resource management in Nepal (p. 97) )

Employee Relations Collective Bargaining -not widely appreciated by a workforce which has little knowledge of it (Ojha, 1993). Similar to other developing countries -only limited trade unionism . Moreover, there are thirteen different unions which are split along party political lines. The unions are not only rivals of each other, but also political enemies, as the labour movement is used by political parties as an electoral and political agent in the struggle for state power. Unrest Educational Environment

Source: Adhikari and Muller Human Resource Management in Nepal Teachers' Union, teachers' conduct and other provisions:

(1) There shall be a Teachers' Union to promote the professional rights and welfares of the teachers. (2) The Teachers' Union may be formed in central and district levels. (3) The election of the Teachers' Union shall be as prescribed.(Source: Education Act 1971,7th, 16E)

Unionization in Education

Lobbying up to the Prime Minister Termination (5) The teacher shall be removed from his/her post in the following conditions: - (a) 122 ................................., (b) If he/she fails to fulfill the duty of the post, (c) If he/she remains continuously absent in the school for more than Fifteen days without any information,

(d) If it is proved that he/she attends school when drunk, (e) If he/she is convicted by a court of a criminal offence involving moral turpitude. 16LevelPost/EligibilitySalaryPrimaryFailed SLC in more than two subjects (grade 15)NPR: 13,840Primary Failed SLC in two subjects(grade 15)NPR: 14, 830Primary IIISLC Passed(grade 15)NPR: 17, 760Primary IISLC Passed(grade 17)NPR: 19,130Primary ISLC Passed(grade 15)NPR: 24, 580Lower Secondary IIILower secondary(grade 17)NPR: 19,130Lower Secondary IILower Secondary(grade 15)NPR: 24,580Lower Secondary ILower Secondary(grade 12)NPR: 25,500Secondary IIISecondary(grade 15)NPR: 24,580Secondary IISecondary(grade 12)NPR: 27,220Secondary ISecondary(grade 11)NPR: 31, 730Teachers Pay Scale .Note: Teachers who were recruited ahead of 2057-04-01 and who are teaching technical subjects enjoys two extra grade and their salary is slightly higher than mentioned aboveOther benefits Pension ( After 20 Years of Permanency)Upadan Medical Expenses ( Differs level-wise)InsuranceProvident fundCivil Investment fundsParivarik Vritti References Baniya, LB. Human Resource Development Practice in Nepalese Business Organizations: A Case Study of Manufacturing Enterprises in PokharaSinha, DP, An approach of Human Resource Planning in Nepal a case of civil ServiceEducation Act, 1971, MoE, NepalFlash Report 2013, DoEBudhwar, P.S. & Debrah,Y.A. (2006) : Human Resource Management in Developing CountriesSSRP, MoE, 2009Sugiharto, S.H. : Basic Principles of Human Resources Management