CARB - Understanding California Air Resources Board

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CARBCalifornia Air Resources BoardPresenter: Chris Vernon

1What Well CoverBlow Off Some SteamLegacy ProgramsHDVIP (Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Inspection Program)Idling Reduction ProgramEmission Control Label ProgramTrucks And BusesTruck and Bus RegulationGreenhouse Gas Emission Reduction MeasureTransport Refrigeration Units (TRUs)Diesel-Fueled Auxiliary Power UnitsDrayage TrucksDrayage (Port or Rail Yard) Truck Regulation

There are some additional programs that are specific to CA based carriers that I am not covering in this presentation.

2% of CAs Vehicle are heavy-duty, but they make up 30% of nitrogen oxides (smog) and about 65% of particulate matter (soot)

2Fun California FactsThe fastest part of a Californians commute is down their driveway

In California you can make $300,000 and still not afford a house

More than clothes come out of the closets

Q: What does a California native and a bottle of beer have in common? A: Theyre both empty from the neck up. Just a chance to poke some fun at California

Riding Horses A Texan, a Californian, and a Nevadan were out riding their horses. The Texan pulled out an expensive bottle of tequila, took a long draught, then another, and then suddenly threw it into the air, pulled out his gun and shot the bottle in midair. The Californian looked at the Texan and said, "What are you doing? That was a perfectly good bottle of whiskey!! The Texan replied, "In Texas, there's plenty of whiskey and bottles are cheap. A while later, not wanted to be outdone, the Californian pulled out a bottle of wine, took a few sips, threw the half full champagne bottle into the air, pulled out his gun, and shot it in midair. The Nevadan couldn't believe this and said "What the heck did you that for? That was an expensive bottle of wine! The Californian replied, "In California there is plenty of wine and bottles are cheap." A while later, the Nevadan pulled out a bottle of Sierra Nevada Pale Ale. He opened it, took a sip, took another sip, then chugged the rest. He then put the bottle back in his saddlebag, pulled out his gun, turned, and shot the Californian. The shocked Texan said "Why in the hell did you do that?" The Nevadan replied, "Well, in Nevada we have plenty of Californians and bottles are worth a nickel."

3HDVIPHeavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Inspections ProgramAny vehicle traveling in CA can be inspectedUses SAE snap-acceleration test procedurePenalties range from Notice of Violation to $1,800 citations

Allowable Levels of Smoke Opacity-All 1991 or newer engines: Must not exceed 40% smoke opacity.-All pre-1991 engines: Must not exceed 55% smoke opacity.

Penalties for Excessive SmokeNotice of Violation (NOV): Issued to pre-1991 vehicles that have smoke opacities greater than 55% but less than 70% and have not received a citation in the past 12 months. Similar to a fi x-it-ticket, the NOV has no penalty if repairs are made to the engine and proof of repair is submitted to the ARB within 45 days. After 45 days, the NOV becomes a First Level Citation. Only one NOV may be issued to a pre-1991 vehicle within a 12 month period. First Level Citation: Issued to pre-1991 engines with 70% or greater smoke opacity and 1991 and newer engines with greater than 40% opacity, that have not received any citations in the past 12 months. The minimum penalty is $300 if engine repairs are made and proof of repair is submitted to the ARB within 45 days. After 45 days, the penalty increases to $800. Second Level Citation: The penalty for any further violations within a 12 month period is $1800 for each violation. In addition, proof of repair must be submitted and the vehicle must be retested by the ARB in order to clear the citation. In certain cases, the CHP may take a vehicle out of service for an outstanding citation if the penalty has not been paid, or if the vehicle has not been repaired. The DMV can place a hold on the CA registration renewal until the violation is cleared.4Idling Reduction ProgramRequires manual or automatic shutdown after 5 minutes of idling2008 or newer engines must be equipped with automatic shutdown after 5 minutes idlingImmediate shutdown at or within 100 feet of a school or school activity site, restart no more than 30 seconds before departingFines $300-1000 per dayAre there situations where idling is allowed?Yes. Idling is allowed in the following situations:You are stuck in trafficWhen idling is necessary to inspect or service your vehicleYou are operating a power take-off deviceYou cannot move due to adverse weather conditions or mechanical failureYou are queuing (must be beyond 100 feet from any residential area)Your trucks engine meets the optional low-NOx idling emission standard, and your truck is located more than 100 feet from any residential area (clean-idle label required)

5Emission Control Label ProgramNo 1974 or newer diesel powered heavy-duty commercial vehicle shall operate in California without evidence that, at the time of manufacture, the installed engine met emission standards at least as stringent as applicable federal emission standards for the model year of the enginePenalty $800 ($500 for non-compliance + $300 for failure to display label)

Q: Who may replace my engine label?A: Only authorized dealers can replace an engine label. The identity and emissioncharacteristics of your truck must be verified through an authorized dealer toensure that the label information matches the engine hardware.

Q: What vehicles are subject to these new requirements?A: All heavy-duty commercial vehicles that are diesel powered and havegross vehicle weight ratings (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds.7Truck and Bus RegulationThis regulation requires installation of particulate matter (PM) retrofits for heavier trucks beginning January 1, 2012 and replacement of older truck engines starting January 1, 2015. By January 1, 2023, nearly all trucks and buses will need to have 2010 model year engines or equivalent. Installation cost of a PM filter ranges from $10,000-20,000.GVWR over 14,000

8PM Filter Retrofit Schedule

Heavier trucks are 26,000 GVWTo take advantage of the phase in option you had to register, by 31 January, 20143 Day pass for one vehicle, once a calendar year.9Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction MeasureApplies to 53-foot or longer box-type trailers, including both dry-van and refrigerated-van trailers, and all heavy-duty (HD) tractors that pull them on California highways.Applicable tractors and trailers must have Low Rolling Resistance (LRR) Tires and SmartWay Verified Aerodynamic Technologies

10What Are LRR TiresLow rolling resistance (LRR) tires are tires designed to improve the fuel efficiency of tractor-trailers by minimizing their rolling resistance. As tires roll under the vehicles weight, they deflect and dissipate energy into heat. The rolling resistance of a tire is the energy lost per unit distance traveled as the tire rolls under load. A tire with less rolling resistance is more fuel efficient than one with greater rolling resistance. Estimated fuel savings is 3% from a tractor-trailer combination. Cost ranges from $0-50 more than traditional tires.Saves $30 per $1,000 of fuel purchased. The additional cost can be as high as $900, in that scenario it would take $30,000 in fuel purchased before you break even.11LRR Tires

Aerodynamic Technologies For TrailersAerodynamic technologies are components designed to reduce wind resistance on the tractor or trailer resulting in improved overall tractor fuel economy and reduced emissions. EPA has verified the following categories of aerodynamic technologies:Trailer Gap Reducer (used in combination with Trailer Side Skirts );Trailer Boat Tail (used in combination with Trailer Side Skirts );Trailer Side SkirtsAdvanced Trailer End Fairings (includes end fairings and undercarriage devices); and,Advanced Trailer Skirts.SmartWay aerodynamic technologies, when used in combination with one another or in some cases when used alone, may reduce fuel consumption by an estimated five percent or greater relative to the truck's baseline, when used in conjunction with an aerodynamic tractor in highway type operation.The cost to retrofit a trailer is between $1,000-2,000. And the fuel savings is estimated to be 6.5% or higher.Aerodynamic Technologies For Trailers

To comply with the regulation, you may purchase a SmartWay certified tractor and/or trailer, which will come equipped with the approved technologies. You may also comply by retrofitting your trailer with approved low rolling resistance tires and one or more of the following aerodynamic technologies:

Trailer rear fairings Trailer front gap fairings Trailer side skirts Other SmartWay approved technologies

The type or number of technologies required will be based on the percentage of fuel savings of each device. These required percentages can be found in the regulation at: The simple answer is 5%.14Compliance Schedules

Example: Based on Option 2 of the Large Fleet Compliance Plan above, an owner of 21 (twenty-one) 53-foot box-type trailers would have had to register and report by June 1, 2012, and ensure that 20 percent or four of the 53-foot trailers were equipped with SmartWay verified aerodynamic requirements by June 1, 2012. Additionally, 40 percent or eight of the 53-foot trailers must be equipped with SmartWay verified aerodynamic requirements by January 1, 2013.Note: Model years 2003 to 2009 refrigerated-van trailers (53-foot or longer box-type trailers with reefer units) equipped with 2003