2012 Lecture Series - Lecture 1Originally presented on 2/19/12
Text of 2012 Lecture Series - "An Introduction to Korean Buddhist Temples"
1. Introduction toKorean Buddhist Temples 2012 Lecture Series - Lecture 1
2. OutlineArchitecture and WorldviewLocation, Design, Layout Passing Through the GatesPrimary HallsSecondary HallsOther Buildings Pagodas Inside the HallsArt and Symbolism Noteworthy Temples 3. Architecture and Worldview Expression of worldviewfrom culture Temples (Complexes)about more than justbuildings or visualexperience Create atmosphereconducive to meditation Cannot use Westernperspective 4. Location and Design of Temple Sites Site is based on principlesof geomancy Nearly all temples built onauspicious sites Ideal site is mountain basinnear water Buildings are arranged sothey are approached inorder 5. Temple Layout Use of wood constrainedbuilding size Complex of multiplesmaller buildings Layout is criticalconsideration Architectural signicanceaccording to layout, ratherthan specic building 6. Approaching the Temple Budo Iljumun Cheonwangmun Burimun 7. Budo - Memorial Stupa First structurein temple complex Stone structure Enshrinessariras (relics) ofeminent monks Place to pay homageand arouse faith 8. Passing Through the Gates Series of gates leading upto main Buddha Hall Iljumun, Cheonwangmun,Burimun Provide spiritualpreparation 9. Iljumun One Pillar Front gate Inscription names templeand mountain Symbolic of beginningjourney towards one mind,rst steps into Pure Land 10. Cheonwangmun Four Guardians Gate 2nd gate 2 guardians on each side Ferocious faces scare awayevil spirits Guardians defend templefrom all four directions 11. Burimun Gate of Non-Duality 3rd gate at larger temples Larger than Iljumun Symbolizes the notion thatPure Land and Saha Worldare one 12. Primary Buddha Halls Daeung-jeon Daejeokgwang-jeon Muryangsu-jeon 13. Daeung-jeon Great Hero Main Buddha Hall Holds Shakyamuni Statue 3 Platforms- Main Platform- Guardian Platform- Memorial Platform Courtyard/Pagoda 14. Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall of Silence and Light Enshrines Vairocana Buddha(Dharma Body) Triad includes Sakyamuniand Rocana Buddha Represents Lotus TreasuryWorld 15. Muryangsu-jeon Hall of Paradise Dedicated to Amitabha 2nd to Daeungjeon Triad includes Gwaneum-bosal and Daeseji-bosal Images face east soworshippers can bowtowards Western Paradise 16. Secondary Halls Gwaneum-jeon Myeongbu-jeon Mireuk-jeon Yaksa-jeon Nahan-jeon Palsang-jeon 17. Gwaneum-jeon Devoted to Avalokitesvara Also called Wontong-jeonif entire temple isdedicated to worship 18. Myeongbu-jeon Dark Place Judgement Hall Enshrines Jijang-bosal Faces Main Hallfrom right side 19. Mireuk-jeon Devoted to Maitreya - thefuture Buddha of LovingKindness 20. Yaksa-jeon EnshrinesBhaisajyaguru Medicine Buddha Believers visit whensick Customarily placedin east 21. Nahan-jeon Dedicated to thedisciples of Buddha Shakyamuni sitson altar Surrounded by 500disciples Large guardian inentranceway 22. Palsang-jeon Eight Scenes fromthe Life of theBuddha Also known asYeongsan-jeon 23. Other Buildings Yosachae Gangdang Seungdang Josadang Samseonggak Jonggak and Goru 24. Yosachae Monks livingquarters Space for sleeping,eating, and otheractivities Usually includesmeditation space Often ank frontcourtyard Residentialarchitecture 25. Gangdang Lecture Hall Only found in largertemples Located near MainBuddha Hall Also used forceremonies andservices 26. Seungdang Monks Hall Meditation and Practice Also called Seonbang orSeonwon 27. Josadang Hall of Predecessors Portraits of founder anddeceased senior monks Combination of Koreasindigenous ancestralworship and SeonBuddhism 28. Samseonggak Shrine of the 3 Deities Not a part of Buddhism Small Buildings Dedicated to IndigenousShamanistic gures 29. Jonggak and Goru Jonggak (Bell Tower) - Dharma Drum - Wooden Fish - Cloud-Shaped Gong - Brahma Bell Goru - pavilion thathouses drum - facesJonggak 30. Pagodas Protect and keep safeSarira Usually divided into 3sections Body usually has oddnumber of stories Made of stone 31. Inside the Halls Art and Symbols Images of Buddha Dancheong 32. Art and Symbols Buldan/Sumidan Main Halls symbolizesLotus Sutra DharmaAssembly onVulture Peak Raining Flowers DatjipSeparate House 33. Images of Buddha Categorized accordingto mudra, attributes,and shape of crown Seated posture differsaccording to identity Distinguish images byhand gesture Light of Truth 34. Dancheong Red and Blue Dates back to 4thcentury Elaborated in Joseon Use increased duringrebuilds Lotus Flowers & Fish 35. Noteworthy Temples Bulguk-sa As of 2000 Haein-sa892 traditional temples Bongjeong-sa Jogye Order = 731 Seonam-sa Taego Order = 97 Unju-sa Yongju-sa 36. Learn More!Gyun, Heo. Korean Temple Motifs, Kim, Sung-woo. Buddhist Architecture of Korea,Dolbegae Publishers, 2005. Hollym, 2007. 37. June 2012State and Sangha:Buddhist Culture andPolitical Thought in Korea