Click here to load reader

AP Counter Reformation

  • View
    1.029

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

 

Text of AP Counter Reformation

  • 1. The Counter-reformationThe Catholic Response to the Protestant Reformation

2. Reformed Papacy

  • Pope Paul III (1534-1549)
  • Appointed reform-minded cardinals/bishops who:
    • Improved education for the clergy
    • Tried to enforce moral standards
    • Tried to correct most glaring abuses

3. Reformed Papacy

  • Papal Reforms of Paul III
    • Reform Commission (1537) - determined Churchs problems = corrupt popes/policies
    • Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office (1542) had jurisdiction over the Roman Inquisition
    • Council of Trent

Pope Paul III 4. Reform Commission

  • Est. new religious orders (preached to commoners)
  • Ended selling of church offices & pluralism
  • Opened seminaries (to train priests)

5. Roman Inquisition

  • Committee of 6 cardinals w/ judicial authority over all Catholics. Power to:
    • Arrest
    • Imprison
    • Execute
  • Sought out heretics
  • Published theIndex of
  • Prohibited Books(handout)

Cardinal Caraffa Roman Inquisitor 6. Roman Inquisition

  • Accepted hearsay as evidence
  • Not obliged to inform accused of charges against them
  • Known to use torture

7. Council of Trent

  • 1545-1563 (off/on)
  • Group of various levels of clergy met
  • Goals:
    • Reform church
    • Reconcile w/ Protestants
  • Faced many political obstacles

8. Council of Trent

  • Upheld traditional Catholic teachings
      • Faith & good works
      • Seven sacraments
      • Transubstantiation
      • Clerical celibacy
      • Purgatory

9. Council of Trent

  • Reform measures for clergy
    • Bishops required to reside in own dioceses
    • Suppressed pluralism & simony
    • Forbade sale of indulgences
    • Clerics to give up concubines

10. Council of Trent

  • Changes for laypeople
    • Required witnesses to marriage
  • Did not achieve goal of reconciliation w/ Protestants

11. New Religious Orders

  • The Jesuits (aka Society of Jesus)
    • Ignatius of Loyola = founder
    • Religious order dedicated to the pope
    • Used education to spread their message
    • Restored Catholicism (Europe & World)

12. New Religious Orders

  • The Ursulines
    • Order of nuns
    • Founder = Angela Merici
    • Prestige for education of women
    • Could re-Christianize society by training future wives/moms

13. ReformationSociety & Culture 14. Protestantism & Marriage

  • Clerical celibacy = unnatural & against Gods commandments
  • Contract, not sacrament
  • Proper marriage upholds ideals of
    • Spiritual equality between men & women
    • Hierarchy of husband as authority & wife as submissive

15. Protestantism & Women

  • Opposed medievalmisogyny
  • Respected women, esp. as mothers/wives
  • Equal right to divorce
  • Encouraged education for women
  • Read handout:Women of the Reformation

16. Anti-Semitism

  • Jews continued to be persecuted against during the Reformation
  • Luther - expected Jews to convert (called for persecution when they did not)
  • Catholic states - Jews segregated into ghettos

17. The Jews & Their Lies

  • Discuss with your partner the following:
    • Were you surprised by what you read? Why or why not?
    • What were some of the traits Luther states that Jews possess?
    • According to Luther how should Christians handle the Jews?
    • How is Luthers writing/attitude a reflection of the 16 thC.?

18. Exam

  • Potential essay topics:
    • Compare and contrast the Lutheran and Catholic Reformations in the 16 thC. regarding the reform of both religious doctrine and religious practices.
    • Evaluate the influence of Renaissance humanism on the Protestant Reformation and Catholic reforms.

Search related