1.Q: Why did the Mughals fail to save their region from the British? Q: On what grounds, it was tried to reawaken the Muslims? Q: How did Sufis help the Muslims?
2. NATIONAL AND FREEDOM MOVEMENTS 3. Freedom fighters who thought to have a Muslim state where they could practise their religious rituals freely. Some enlightened Muslims were: Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar (1878-1931) Allama Iqbal (1877-1938) Chaudhri Rehmat Ali (1897-1951) 4. 6th muslim as a president of Indian National Congress (1923) 1878-1931 Khilafat Movement (1919) Started Urdu weekly Hamdard (1919) & English Comrade (1914-18) President of All India Muslim League(1918) 5. Khilafat Movement Duration of Khilafat Movement (1919-24) Launched by the Muslims of South Asia to influence the British government To protect the Ottoman Empire To restore the position of the ruler as Caliph. 6. Two brothers wearing jail dress as they want to liberate their co-religion. Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar and Maulana Mohammad Shaukat Ali 7. Told his wish not to get buried in slave India Attended round table conference in the 1930 Buried him at Baitul Mukaddas (Palestine ). His followers respected his wish 8. Gave idea of Pakistan Presided Annual meeting of Muslim League at Allahabad Poetry shows religious & political ideas joined Muslim League in 1927 9. Encouraging youth to move ahead to achieve their goal____ A Muslim state. Advise to soar high and high! 10. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali "Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?.The word 'Pakistan' referred to Punjab, NWFP (Afghan), Kashmir, Indus, Sind and Baluchistan. 1895_1951 Author of pamphlet Now or Never Pakistan National Movement 11. Osmanistan was the name proposed for an independent state to be created as a successor to the Princely State of Hyderabad which existed in the Empire of India before the departure of the British. 12. Different gems of the Muslim world shone one by one. Maulana Mohammad Ali jauhar arose the Muslims through his writings. He started weekly Hamdard & English Comrade as his spokesman. Allama Iqbal as a chairman of Muslim League gave the idea of a Muslim country where Muslims can live according to the teachings of Islam. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali marched a step ahead by making a supposed map of their dreamland. 13. ANY QUERY? 14. Q: Why did Maulana M. Ali Jauhar start weekly English and Urdu paper? Q: How did Allama Iqbal Contribute in the reawakening of the Muslims? Q: In which sense, Allamas poetry helped the Muslims? Q: What was the core concept of the pamphlet Now or Never? Q: What do you think that Allamas poetry meet the modern eras requirements? 15. Collect the pictures of all the freedom fighters and paste them in your note book with a brief note about them. 16. Today, we discussed how freedom movement began. Next, we will discuss The Struggle For Freedom.