Jonah, The Reluctant Preacher

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(Book of Jonah) - Several lessons can be learned from the Book of Jonah. Could we be more like Jonah than we think? - 2/16/2014

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Learning_Sins_Jonah.key

The Reluctant PreacherRebellion, Repentance, & A Merciful God

Gath%Hepher!

The prophet Jonah, [dove], was the son of Amittai - (1:1; 2 Kings 14:25) $

He was from Gath Hepher (2 Kings 14:25), a town in the tribe of Zebulun (Josh. 19:10, 13).

The Reluctant Preacher

The Reluctant Preacher

Jonah prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II of the Northern Kingdom (2 Kings 14:23-25 - [793BC 753 BC]). (Amaziah was king of Judah). (Israels boundaries (2 Kings 14:25) were extended under Jeroboam who had fought back the Assyrians to Hamath - victories led to great prosperity.

The Reluctant Preacher

The Reluctant Preacher

500#mi

les!

The Reluctant Preacher

Nineveh was the capital of Assyria;$

Well known as a place of cruelty. (Approx 500 miles NE of Samaria &

220 miles NW of present-day Baghdad)

Jonah 1:2 (NKJV) 2 "Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out against it; for their

wickedness has come up before Me."

A huge city, 3 days to walk all its streets$

The palace covered 5 acres$Shalmaneser IV - 783-772$Ashur-dan III - 772-754

The Reluctant Preacher

Joppa - about 35 miles from Samaria and about the same distance from Jerusalem.$Tarshish, probably Tartessus in southern Spain, about 2,500 miles west of Joppa.

The Reluctant PreacherJonah 1:3 (NKJV)

3 But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the

presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa,

and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the

fare, and went down into it, to go with them to

Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.

Authenticity:$Historical record of an actual fact(The Jews accepted Jonah and was included(Jesus confirmed the story and regarded it historical & accurate - Mat 12:40

The Reluctant PreacherJonah 1:3 (NKJV)

3 But Jonah arose to flee to Tarshish from the

presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa,

and found a ship going to Tarshish; so he paid the

fare, and went down into it, to go with them to

Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.

God calls Jonah$Commanded to go to Nineveh - Israels enemy.(Jonah makes preparation(Went to Joppa - Found a ship - Paid for his fare(Boarded the ship - But the ship is going the wrong way!

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:1-3

Why Did Jonah Disobey?$The war with Assyria had just ended but there were hostilities still breaking out on the border - his life would be in jeopardy (God said to rebuke Nineveh, but Jonah understood that God was forgiving - what if they repented? - 4:2

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:1-3

God calls us by the gospel$Some refuse to hear & go their own way - Acts 24:25; 26:28(Some hear the initial call and follow until it conflicts with what they want and then go their own way - 2 Tim 4:10(Our duty is to obey God - Eccl 12:13; Acts 10:9-23

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:1-3

Cant Run From God$God sends a huge storm - 1:4(God directs the lots to pick Jonah as the cause - 1:5-7(Jonah confesses & instructs the Phoenician sailors to throw him overboard - eventually they cry out to God, obey & oer sacrifice - 1:8-16

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:4-17

Cant Run From God$God prepared a fish to swallow Jonah - 1:17(Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days & three nights - 1:17; Mat 12:40(Fish or whale? Both the Hebrew & Greek words simply mean sea creature. Miracle?

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:4-17

Cant Run From God$No place to hide from God (Ps 139:7-11; Heb 4:13; 10:30,31)(It is easier & better to obey God (1 John 5:1-3; Mt 11:28-30)(Eventually we must face God, He will hold us accountable for our actions - (John 5:28,29; Acts 17:30; 2 Cor 5:10)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 1:4-17

Jonahs Prayer To God$Jonah prays from inside the fish, on the brink of dying - (2:1)(A prayer of thanksgiving - (2:2)(A prayer of recognition of Gods righteousness & his sin - (2:3-4)(Jonahs experience - (2:3-7).(Jonah repents - (2:7-9)(God spares Jonah - (2:10)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 2:1-10

Jonahs Prayer To God$Sometimes we need to be awakened - (Luke 15:14-21)(Repentance requires a change of attitude & action, not just being sorry for the punishment(Need to know God is willing to forgive (Ezek. 18:31,32; 2 Pet 3:9; 1 John 1:9)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 2:1-10

God again commands Jonah to go preach to Nineveh - (3:1,2)$

This time Jonah obeys - (3:3)(A huge city, 3 days to walk all its streets - (3:3) [The palace covered 5 acres](Preached Ninevehs destruction in forty days - (3:4)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 3:1-4

Past failures do not determine future success$

God is willing to forgive us, to save us - but God saves us to serve Him - not to continue in sin! - (Tit. 3:14; Rom 6:1,2)(God wants to use us to spread the gospel to a lost & dying world - (Acts 8:4; 1 Thes 1:8)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 3:1-4

Nineveh Repents$They believed message of punishment for sins - (3:5)(King proclaims fast for people and animals - (3:6-9)(Cried out to God, turned from evil - Pleaded w/ God. - (3:8,9)(God changed His mind about destroying them - (3:10)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 3:4-10

Nineveh Repents$God prefers salvation to punishment - Ez. 18:31,32(God can forgive anyone - and does forgive those who repent and obey Him - Jer 18:5-10(Sometimes the best prospects are the least godly people - (a rebuke of Israel) - Rom 10:21

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 3:4-10

Jonahs anger$Expressed to God in prayer - (4:1,2)(Jonah knew of Gods grace and mercy thus he did not want to go to Nineveh because he feared success(1:2; 4:2)(Desires to die - Why is he so upset? - (4:3)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 4:1-3

Jonahs attitude in NT people:$

The prodigal sons older brother (Luke 15)(Jews towards Samaritans & Gentiles - (Jn 4:9; Acts 10,11)(The Pharisees toward Jesus eating with sinners (Matthew 9:10-11)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 4:1-3

Gods Lesson For Jonah:$God questions Jonah - (4:4)(Jonah leaves city to pout still hoping God would destroy Nineveh - (4:5)(The plant, worm, and scorching wind - (4:6-8)(Jonah still doesnt get it - (4:9)(God exposes Jonah - (4:10)

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 4:4-11

Gods Lesson For Us:$We should seek the salvation of even our enemies! - Mat 5:43-48(We should rejoice when any person repents! - Luke 15:7(Do we value things more than the souls of men? - Mat 16:26(Do we get it? How many lost souls are in this city? Children?

The Reluctant PreacherThe Text - 4:4-11

We Are Gods People (1 Pet 2:9,10)(We have Gods message (1 Cor 1:18)(We Are To GO & Preach It (Mat 28:18-20)(We Can Be Guilty of The Same Sins That Jonah Was Guilty of

The Reluctant PreacherConclusion

Do Not Run From Gods Commission!(Be Concerned About The Salvation of Others!(Realize That God Intends To Work Through You To Save Others!

The Reluctant PreacherConclusion

41 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the

preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here.

Matthew 12:41 (NKJV)

Charts by Don McClain Prepared February 12-15, 2014Preached February 16, 2014

West 65th Street church of Christ

P.O. Box 190062

Little Rock AR 72219

501-568-1062

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Email donmcclain@sbcglobal.net

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The Reluctant Preacher

2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam

the son of Joash, king of Israel, became king in Samaria, and reigned forty-one years. 24 And he did evil in the sight of

the LORD; he did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who

had made Israel sin.

2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 25 He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His

servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath Hepher. 26 For the

LORD saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter; and whether bond or free, there

was no helper for Israel.

2 Kings 14:23-29 (NKJV) 27 And the LORD did not say that He would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven; but He saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash. 28

Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did--his might, how he made war, and how he

recaptured for Israel, from Damascus and Hamath, what had belonged to Judah--are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 29 So Jeroboam rested with his fathers, the kings of

Israel. Then Zechariah his son reigned in his place.