Magna Carta - Alex VardY

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Text of Magna Carta - Alex VardY

  • 1. The Magna Carta Alex Vardy

2. Analysis

  • The Magna Carta is a document/charter which King John of England( 1166 1216)was forced to sign.
  • It significantly reduced the amount of power that the King had before.
  • From then on, Kings and Queens had to follow the rules rather than having absolute power.
  • Everyone lived under the same laws

3. Why was the Magna Carta created?

  • The Magna Carta was created to:
  • Limit the powers of the king
  • Preserve basic legal rights to all free men
  • Forced the monarchy to respect the rights of the common man.
  • Prevented the king from increasing taxes without consent of a council of nobles
  • Strengthen the powers of nobles
  • Fair trial for all freemen
  • Reduce the injustice towards vassals
  • To stop the King from disrupting the Pope from religious matters

Term:free menonly referred to of the population who are people who owned land and male. (or great charter) 4. Whos King John of England?

  • He lived from 1166 to 1216
  • He was the youngest of fives sons that King Henry II of England had.
    • Very unpopular King between him and the nobles as he was not fit for a King! (did not have many qualities that people intended for a King to have)
    • (he was also the favourite out of the sons)

Nickname: Soft Sword 5. Important information leading to the creation of the Magna Carta

  • Again, King John was not a popular King. He lost many wars against the French while he was in power.
  • England lostthe duchy of Normandyto King Philip II of France under King Johns rule.
  • The near extinction of the Angevin Empire
    • which resulted in the growth of Capetain dynasty under King Johns rule.

6.

  • 1202 under King Johns rule, he lost his empire in the northern France.
    • Thus for the next decade, John attempted to regain the lands. He was unsuccessful.
  • Also, an attempt to defeat King Philip II once and for all failed in 1214 surprisingly.

7. He then

  • Raised large sums of cash, improved his army and rebuild continental alliances
  • Introduced new taxes
    • This caused the retaliation of King Johns nobles.
    • They thought of the new taxers unfair.

8. John also disputed with the Pope.

  • King John had angered Pope Innocent III (the current Pope at that time) by asking for a new archbishop of Canterbury.
  • Pope Innocent placed an interdict on England for some years.
  • Eventually, the King was excommunicated because John rebelled against the Pope but later he was forgiven.

Interdict :excludes from certain rites of the Church individuals or groups 9. The King finally stamped the Magna Carta

  • It was stamped by King John at Runnymede on June 15 th , 1215.
  • The feudal barons forced King John.
  • It was drafted by the archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons
  • It was originally called Articles of the Barons

10. Today

  • The Magna Carta still has a great influence in rules in todays society as you can still see its influence in the US Bill of Rights and Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • Three of the clauses in Magna Carta are still used in society.
    • EX)habeas corpuslegal action, through which a prisoner can be released from unlawful detention. ~ Wikipedia

11. Picture of the existing Manga Carta

  • OnlyFOURof the original Manga Carta still exist today

12. Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUVnpe8uffs

If you wish to watch it. 13. Bibliography:

  • http://library.thinkquest.org/20176/mcarta.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John,_King_of_England
  • http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-magna-carta.htm
  • http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/magna-carta.htm
  • http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/cot/t2w07magnacarta.htm
  • http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/magna_carta.htm