Magna Carta - Alex VardY
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- 1. The Magna Carta Alex Vardy
- The Magna Carta is a document/charter which King John of England( 1166 1216)was forced to sign.
- It significantly reduced the amount of power that the King had before.
- From then on, Kings and Queens had to follow the rules rather than having absolute power.
- Everyone lived under the same laws
3. Why was the Magna Carta created?
- The Magna Carta was created to:
- Limit the powers of the king
- Preserve basic legal rights to all free men
- Forced the monarchy to respect the rights of the common man.
- Prevented the king from increasing taxes without consent of a council of nobles
- Strengthen the powers of nobles
- Fair trial for all freemen
- Reduce the injustice towards vassals
- To stop the King from disrupting the Pope from religious matters
Term:free menonly referred to of the population who are people who owned land and male. (or great charter) 4. Whos King John of England?
- He lived from 1166 to 1216
- He was the youngest of fives sons that King Henry II of England had.
- Very unpopular King between him and the nobles as he was not fit for a King! (did not have many qualities that people intended for a King to have)
- (he was also the favourite out of the sons)
Nickname: Soft Sword 5. Important information leading to the creation of the Magna Carta
- Again, King John was not a popular King. He lost many wars against the French while he was in power.
- England lostthe duchy of Normandyto King Philip II of France under King Johns rule.
- The near extinction of the Angevin Empire
- which resulted in the growth of Capetain dynasty under King Johns rule.
- 1202 under King Johns rule, he lost his empire in the northern France.
- Thus for the next decade, John attempted to regain the lands. He was unsuccessful.
- Also, an attempt to defeat King Philip II once and for all failed in 1214 surprisingly.
7. He then
- Raised large sums of cash, improved his army and rebuild continental alliances
- This caused the retaliation of King Johns nobles.
- They thought of the new taxers unfair.
8. John also disputed with the Pope.
- King John had angered Pope Innocent III (the current Pope at that time) by asking for a new archbishop of Canterbury.
- Pope Innocent placed an interdict on England for some years.
- Eventually, the King was excommunicated because John rebelled against the Pope but later he was forgiven.
Interdict :excludes from certain rites of the Church individuals or groups 9. The King finally stamped the Magna Carta
- It was stamped by King John at Runnymede on June 15 th , 1215.
- The feudal barons forced King John.
- It was drafted by the archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons
- It was originally called Articles of the Barons
- The Magna Carta still has a great influence in rules in todays society as you can still see its influence in the US Bill of Rights and Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
- Three of the clauses in Magna Carta are still used in society.
- EX)habeas corpuslegal action, through which a prisoner can be released from unlawful detention. ~ Wikipedia
11. Picture of the existing Manga Carta
- OnlyFOURof the original Manga Carta still exist today
If you wish to watch it. 13. Bibliography: